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Britain's Twentieth-Century Productivity Performance in International Perspective

Stephen Broadberry and Mary O'Mahony

in Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199212668
eISBN:
9780191712807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212668.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter provides an overview of Britain's labour productivity performance during the 20th century, incorporating the catching-up and convergence perspective. It is shown that physical capital ... More


Human Capital and Productivity Performance: Britain, the United States and Germany, 1870–1990

Stephen Broadberry

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the relationship between human capital and productivity among three industrialized economies: Britain, Germany, and the United States. It first presents sectoral estimates of ... More


Farm Labour Productivity in Jiangnan, 1620–1850

Bozhong Li

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Contrary to the conventional view, labour productivity on farms in Jiangnan, the Yangzi Delta in East China, did not deteriorate or stagnate but instead improved between 1620 and 1850. Changes in the ... More


 External Liberalization, Growth, and Distribution: The Polish Experience

Leon Podkaminer

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the effects of external liberalization in Poland. It begins with a discussion of a general macroeconomic history of Poland. Section 2 discusses distribution and inequality. ... More


The Economy in the Late Middle Ages: Agriculture and Industries

Bas van Bavel

in Manors and Markets: Economy and Society in the Low Countries 500-1600

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278664
eISBN:
9780191707032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278664.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Increasing population pressure and the growth of markets transformed agriculture. Specialization for the market greatly increased, but it took different forms per region. Some saw the rise of ... More


Fabricant's Laws

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In a study of fifty US manufacturing industries over some 40 years, Fabricant found that labour productivity grew faster where output grew faster, and wage costs per unit of output grew more slowly, ... More


 The Distributive and Macroeconomic Impact of Liberalization in Thailand

Bhanupong Nidhiprabha

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter explores the macroeconomic impact of liberalization in Thailand and its complex relationship with growth, poverty, and income distribution. Section 2 discusses Thailand's macroeconomic ... More


Nutrition, health and productivity in developing countries

Alok Bhargava

in Food, Economics, and Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199269143
eISBN:
9780191710117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269143.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the links between adults' nutritional and health status and their economic (labour) productivity in developing countries. Section 6.1 begins by discussing certain studies ... More


e-Business and the New Economy

Manuel Castells

in The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199255771
eISBN:
9780191698279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255771.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter defines e-Business as any business activity whose performance of the key operations of management, financing innovation, production, distribution, sales, employee relations, and customer ... More


The Cost Competitiveness of Manufacturing in China and India: An Industry and Regional Perspective

Bart van Ark, Abdul Azeez Erumban, Vivian Chen, and Utsav Kumar

in Emerging Giants: China and India in the World Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199575077
eISBN:
9780191722141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575077.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

This chapter focuses on comparisons of productivity, (unit) labor cost, and industry-level competitiveness for Chinese and Indian manufacturing. It finds that China has increased its labor ... More


Labour Shedding and the Growth in Productivity

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the advantages of large farms, primarily labour productivity. It has been previously believed that large farms had no advantage over small using corn yields as the measure of ... More


Neoclassical Growth: Labour Productivity and Corporate Restructuring

Linda Yueh

in China's Growth: The Making of an Economic Superpower

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199205783
eISBN:
9780191752018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205783.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter shows that the slowdown in TFP from the mid-1990s is associated with the slowing of one-off productivity gains from factor reallocation. By the end of the 1990s and 2000s, much of the ... More


Property and Progress: Where Adam Smith Went Wrong

Robert Brenner

in Marxist History-writing for the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264034
eISBN:
9780191734601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264034.003.0004
Subject:
History, Historiography

During the first half of the twentieth century there was widespread agreement as to whether the way to understand the historical emergence of economic development in the West was through the ... More


Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Tito Boeri, Michael Burda, and Francis Kramarz (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In the last fifty years, the gap in labour productivity between Europe and the US has narrowed considerably with estimates in 2005 suggesting a EU-US labour productivity gap of about 5%. Yet, average ... More


The Labor Market

Peter Temin

in The Roman Market Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147680
eISBN:
9781400845422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147680.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter explains how labor is an important input into the production of wheat and other commodities. However, this examination of the Roman market is complicated by the presence of Roman ... More


Employment and Labour Productivity

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses a possible resolution to the dispute between the two changes that pushed up labour productivity. A reassessment of the contribution of enclosure to the growth of labour ... More


Farm Production and the Agricultural Revolution

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This final chapter returns to the question of farm production in the context of when and how an agricultural revolution met the needs of a demographic revolution. In so doing they make two ... More


Verdoorn's and Kaldor's Laws

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Labour productivity has grown at different rates in similar industries in different countries. Verdoorn suggested that this could be explained by faster rates of growth of output leading to economies ... More


Sources of Productivity Growth in the American Coal Industry 1972–95

Denny Ellerman, Thomas M. Stoker, and Ernst R. Berndt (eds)

in New Developments in Productivity Analysis

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226360621
eISBN:
9780226360645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226360645.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Aggregate productivity statistics measure the efficiency with which resources are being used in a country or industry, but problems of measurement and aggregation in the inevitable presence of ... More


Introduction

Alok Bhargava

in Food, Economics, and Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199269143
eISBN:
9780191710117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269143.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of changes in food consumption patterns in various countries. It then discusses economic factors and energy and micronutrient deficiencies in ... More


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