Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 37 items

  • Keywords: labour demand x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Skills and Unemployment

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization: Unemployment Experience and Social Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271849
eISBN:
9780191602733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271844.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the falling demand for low-skilled workers in Europe. It draws on data from the European Union Targeted Socio-Economic Research project, NEWSKILLS, which analysed the position ... More


Low‐End Wages

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter examines the effect of wage levels at the low end of the labor market on employment. The focus is on low-end service jobs. These have been a major source of employment growth in many of ... More


Models for Dynamic Macroeconomics

Fabio-Cesare Bagliano and Giuseppe Bertola

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199266821
eISBN:
9780191601606
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266824.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Introduces methodological tools for dynamic analysis of macroeconomic phenomena: consumption and investment choices, employment, and unemployment outcomes, and economic growth. Discrete‐time dynamic ... More


Reduction of Working Time and Employment

Francis Kramarz, Pierre Cahuc, Bruno Crépon, Oskar Nordstörm Skans, Thorsten Schank, Gijsbert van Lomwel, and André Zylberberg

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the theoretical underpinnings of the effects of work-sharing on employment. The analysis proceeds as follows: Section 4.2 is devoted to an analysis of labour demand when the ... More


The Labor Market

Peter Temin

in The Roman Market Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147680
eISBN:
9781400845422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147680.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter explains how labor is an important input into the production of wheat and other commodities. However, this examination of the Roman market is complicated by the presence of Roman ... More


The Labour Market Effects of International Trade: A Computable General Equilibrium Model

Alasdair Smith

in Trade and Jobs in Europe: Much Ado About Nothing?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198293606
eISBN:
9780191601262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293607.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

A computable general equilibrium (CGE) model is developed to examine the impact of international trade on the labour market. The model confirms the general conclusion that the effects of trade on ... More


Influx Control and Urban Labour Markets

Deborah Posel

in The Making of Apartheid 1948–1961: Conflict and Compromise

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273349
eISBN:
9780191684036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273349.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the impact of the migrant labour system and influx control legislation. First, it examines the patterns of urban labour demand, and the effect of the migrant labour system and ... More


Trade With Emerging Countries and the Labour Market: The French Case

O. Cortes, S. Jean, and J. Pisani‐Ferry

in Trade and Jobs in Europe: Much Ado About Nothing?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198293606
eISBN:
9780191601262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293607.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the effects of international trade on the French labour market. Between 1977 and 1993, trade with countries with GDP per capita less than that of France resulted in job losses ... More


“the women are the controlling spirits”: Freedwomen, Free Labor, the Freedme's Bureau

Mary Farmer-Kaiser

in Freedwomen and the Freedmen's Bureau: Race, Gender, and Public Policy in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232116
eISBN:
9780823234943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232116.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

In their efforts to transform the South into a free labor society, officials of the Freedmen's Bureau encountered an employment landscape complicated greatly by issues of ... More


The Impact of Globalization on Employment in Europe

André Sapir

in Trade and Jobs in Europe: Much Ado About Nothing?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198293606
eISBN:
9780191601262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293607.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the effects of globalisation on the demand for low-skilled workers in Europe and the United States. Although there is little evidence that globalisation is the main cause of the ... More


Labour Policy: Resolving the Mismatch between Demand and Supply

Grace O. M. Lee

in Gaming, Governance and Public Policy in Macao

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083282
eISBN:
9789882209824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083282.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter assesses the provisions of the new Labour Law and considers whether retraining programmes can resolve the current mismatch between labour demand and supply.


The Structural and Dynamical Instability of the Modern Economy

Richard M. Goodwin

in Chaotic Economic Dynamics

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283355
eISBN:
9780191596315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283350.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Addresses a weakness in Schumpeterian thought: innovation need not lead to higher output. An innovation has two opposing effects: it increases investment, thereby increasing labour demand; it also ... More


Introduction

James J. Heckman

Carmen Pagés (ed.)

in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226322827
eISBN:
9780226322858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322858.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This book uses microdata from diverse Latin American and Caribbean countries to investigate the impact of regulation on their labor markets. Common methodologies are applied to extract empirical ... More


Determinants of Labor Demand in Colombia 1976–1996

Mauricio Cárdenas and Raquel Bernal

in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226322827
eISBN:
9780226322858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322858.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Under the old system, employers managed the funds, and employees were allowed to make partial withdrawals at any time. At the time of separation, those withdrawals were debited in nominal terms, ... More


The Labor Market: The Mechanism for the Reproduction of Surplus

János Kornai

in Dynamism, Rivalry, and the Surplus Economy: Two Essays on the Nature of Capitalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199334766
eISBN:
9780199369416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334766.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter begins with some conceptual clarifications and an examination of related measurement problems. Specifically, it clarifies the relation that persists between the conceptual apparatus of ... More


Labor Market Reforms and Their Impact over Formal Labor Demand and Job Market Turnover: The Case of Peru

Jaime Saavedra and Máximo Torero

in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226322827
eISBN:
9780226322858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322858.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter analyzes the legal context regarding the probationary period, severance payments, nonwage costs, and temporary contracts, all factors that affect firm and worker behavior. It also ... More


Aspects of Labor Demand

Daniel S. Hamermesh

in Demand for Labor: The Neglected Side of the Market

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198791379
eISBN:
9780191833847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791379.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This part of the book looks at the importance of labor demand for the study of economics. It examines in detail various aspects of labor demand. There is more to the study of labor demand than the ... More


The Effects of Labor Market Regulations on Employment Decisions by Firms: Empirical Evidence for Argentina

Guillermo Mondino

Silvia Montoya (ed.)

in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226322827
eISBN:
9780226322858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322858.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

In Argentina, workers have historically enjoyed strong job rights (including a right to advanced layoff notice and to severance payments). During the 1990s, and following the rapid growth in ... More


Labor Market Regulation and Employment in the Caribbean

Andrew S. Downes, Nlandu Mamingi, and Rose-marie Belle Antoine

in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226322827
eISBN:
9780226322858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322858.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

The challenge for policymakers is to design a regulatory system that minimizes the additional labor (i.e., adjustment) costs to employers while protecting the socioeconomic welfare of workers in the ... More


Artificial Intelligence, Automation, and Work: Daron Acemoglu and Pascual Restrepo

Daron Acemoglu and Pascual Restrepo

in The Economics of Artificial Intelligence: An Agenda

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226613338
eISBN:
9780226613475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226613475.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

We summarize a framework for studying the implications of automation and AI on the demand for labor, wages, and employment. Our framework emphasizes the displacement effect that automation creates as ... More


View: