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Environment

Robbin L Gibb

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0030
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses how environmental parameters influence the physiology and behavior of rats and thus the experimental outcome. It considers lighting, humidity, airflow, noise, cage ... More


Vision

Glen T. Prusky and Robert M. Douglas

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses some of the methodologies used to measure rat vision, the known visual capabilities of rats, and the implications of rat vision for those researchers who use rats in ... More


Maternal Behavior

Stephanie L. Rees, Vedran Lovic, and Alison S. Fleming

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes maternal behavior of the laboratory rat and outlines various methods of observing and quantifying this behavior. Although in some rodent biparental species males also show ... More


Social Learning

Bennett G. Galef, Jr.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0034
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on social influences on food choices of Norway rats. It describes fieldwork strongly suggesting that interactions between adult free-living ... More


Eating

Peter G. Clifton

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the salient features of rat feeding behavior relevant to laboratory-based studies of this species. Topics covered include lifetime patterns of intake, daily patterns of intake, ... More


Sex

William J. Jenkins and Jill B. Becker

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter provides an overview of the reproductive systems and the neural systems that mediate sexual behavior, and discusses how to study sexual behavior in male and female rats. It shows that ... More


Aggressive, Defensive, and Submissive Behavior

Klaus A. Miczek and Sietse F. de Boer

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses aggressive behavior in rats. Aggressive behavior, although infrequent, is part of life in a colony, particularly during its formation, and these interactions within the group ... More


Ecology

S. Anthony Barnett

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

The “Norway rat” (Rattus norvegicus), known also as the “brown rat” is rivaled as a pest only by the house mouse (Mus domesticus vel musculus) and the “ship” or “black” rat (Rattus rattus). R. ... More


Adolescence

Russell W. Brown

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter begins by describing the appearance of motor abilities, social and play behavior, sexual maturity, and sensory function in laboratory rats. It then discusses cognitive function, the ... More


Neuropsychological Tests

Gerlinde A. Metz, Bryan Kolb, and Ian Q. Whishaw

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0044
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter provides an overview of the seven main categories of behavioral assessment and describes some individual tests of behaviors in each category. It is broken into seven sections that ... More


Olfaction

Burton Slotnick, Heather Schellinck, and Richard Brown

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the study of olfaction in rats. It argues that rats and other rodents live in an olfactory world and any attempt to understand rodent biology must take into account the ... More


Posture

Sergio M. Pellis and Vivien C. Pellis

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

Studies with rats have been central to the understanding of postural support mechanisms. This chapter uses examples from this research to illustrate the importance of looking carefully at states of ... More


Foraging

Ian Q. Whishaw

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses foraging behavior in rats. It describes eating behavior, food protection and theft, food carrying, and some aspects of their neural control. The rich array of behaviors related ... More


Antipredator Defense

D. Caroline Blanchard and Robert J. Blanchard

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0031
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses defensive behavior in rats. Topics covered include specific defensive behaviors (e.g., flight, hiding, freezing, alarm cries, defensive attack), stimuli that elicit defense, ... More


Vocalization

Greta Sokoloff and Mark S. Blumberg

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0035
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter provides an overview of the contexts, mechanisms, and suggested functions of rat vocalizations. Topics discussed include frequency and temporal characteristics of vocalizations, ... More


Object Recognition

Dave G. Mumby

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0036
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses object recognition in rats. It describes the two paradigms most often used to assess object recognition in rats: delayed nonmatching-to-sample (DNMS) and ... More


Pain

Daniel Le Bars and Samuel W. Cadden

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the modeling of human pain in rats. Topics covered include models of chronic pain, behavioral reactions, stimulus and response, requirements for models of nociception, tests ... More


Prehension

Ian Q. Whishaw

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the skilled movements of the laboratory rat. Topics covered include limb structure and movement, food handling, sensory control, reaching movements, arpeggio movement, strain ... More


Infancy

Jeffrey R. Alberts

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter presents brief overviews of the growth of the Norway rat pup and differentiation of behavioral systems. There follows a kind of “ethogram” of early postnatal behavior in Rattus ... More


Orienting and Placing

Tim Schallert and Martin T. Woodlee

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes behavioral tests that have been useful for examining the potential clinical efficacy of interventions that might be beneficial for neurological disorders. It is important to ... More


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