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Methods for Studying Social Learning in the Laboratory

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes research methods for investigating social learning in the laboratory. In recent decades laboratory experiments have been conducted to explore the population-level aspects of ... More


The Prosecutor’s Perspective on Eyewitness Experts in the Courtroom

Patricia J. Bailey and Sheri H. Mecklenburg

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.010
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses the admissibility of eyewitness expert testimony under Daubert standards. It explores the scientific reliability of the laboratory experiments underlying eyewitness expert ... More


Experimenter Modeling

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses an “attribute” of the experimenter which, like those considered just before, is also defined in terms of the particular experiment being conducted. That attribute is the ... More


Lessons for Experimental Design

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Chapter 2 showed that when the exact question being asked is mirrored in a laboratory experiment and the population being studied is the same as in the field, the outcomes from the experiment can be ... More


Global Environmental Problems, Voluntary Action, and Government Intervention

Andries Richter and Daan van Soest

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The global community faces several very pressing environmental challenges such as climate change, depletion of the high-sea fisheries, and unprecedented rates of biodiversity loss. Governments are in ... More


The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter presents evidence showing that mandate disclosure consistently fails to accomplish its stated goals. It begins by asking what standard we should use to assess mandated disclosure and ... More


Introduction to Part III

James Mattingly

in Information and Experimental Knowledge

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780226804644
eISBN:
9780226804781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226804781.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introduction to part iii addresses a persistent confusion in discussions of experimental practice that is predicated on there being something that is a "direct" experimental system, and while ... More


Casting in Bold Relief

Catherine Z. Elgin

in True Enough

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036535
eISBN:
9780262341370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036535.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Laboratory experiments, thought experiments, and literary fictions are felicitous falsehoods. They distance themselves from the facts they bear on to screen out irrelevant, potentially confounding ... More


The Lab and the Field: Empirical and Experimental Economics

David Reiley

in Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195328325
eISBN:
9780190202187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328325.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter comments on two articles, by Kagel and by Harrison, Lau, and Rutstrom. These articles emphasize “control” as one of the most important aspects of experimental economics. By contrast, the ... More


The External Validity of Laboratory Experiments: The Misleading Emphasis on Quantitative Effects

Judd B. Kessler and Lise Vesterlund

in Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195328325
eISBN:
9780190202187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328325.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter comments on the papers of Levitt and List and of Camerer. It explains why for most laboratory studies it is only relevant whether the qualitative or directional results of the study are ... More


Laboratory Experiments: The Lab in Relationship to Field Experiments, Field Data, and Economic Theory

John H. Kagel

in Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195328325
eISBN:
9780190202187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328325.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter discusses the ways in which laboratory experiments and field experiments can be complementary in understanding the field setting of interest. It uses two examples: the winner’s curse in ... More


Theoretical and Experimental Approaches to the Evolution of Altruism and the Levels of Selection

Benjamin Kerr

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews some of the theoretical approaches to the study of altruism in an attempt to clarify some basic concepts, focusing on the models and statistical tools that have appeared in the ... More


Theory, Experimental Design, and Econometrics Are Complementary (And So Are Lab and Field Experiments)

Glenn W. Harrison, Morten I. Lau, and E. Elisabet Rutström

in Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195328325
eISBN:
9780190202187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328325.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter proposes a systematic approach to research where theory, lab results, common sense, field data, and econometrics are all integrated into one’s research toolkit. The approach is ... More


Lessons from Europe

K. Henle

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Amphibians and reptiles are coming to be regarded in Europe as indicator groups for a general decline in species diversity. The decline of these groups has been well documented in Europe and on other ... More


The Hammer and the Screwdriver

Gary Charness

in Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195328325
eISBN:
9780190202187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328325.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter considers the current debate about the value of field experiments compared to the value of laboratory experiments. It suggests that what is needed in approaching experimental economics ... More


The Promise and Success of Lab–Field Generalizability in Experimental Economics: A Critical Reply to Levitt and List

Colin F. Camerer

in Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195328325
eISBN:
9780190202187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328325.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter addresses the Levitt and List criticism that lab experimental findings may not generalize to field settings. It has three main points. First, special concern about generalizability of ... More


Laboratory Experiments: Professionals Versus Students

Guillaume R. Fréchette

in Handbook of Experimental Economic Methodology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195328325
eISBN:
9780190202187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328325.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter establishes what is known about the impact of subjects typically used in experimental economics by reviewing prior studies that have used both the standard subject pool and an unusual ... More


Introduction

C. Daniel Batson

in Altruism in Humans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341065
eISBN:
9780199894222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341065.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins by presenting a brief set-up of the question addressed by the book—what is the role of altruism in human life? —and looking at the importance of laboratory experiments in ... More


Ostracism: On Being Ignored, Excluded, and Rejected

Kipling D. Williams and Lisa Zadro

in Interpersonal Rejection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195130157
eISBN:
9780199847761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130157.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Originated from the Athenian practice, ostracism or the temporary exclusion by consensus and the act of ignoring is analyzed by Kip William and Lisa Zadro. Laboratory manipulations and real-life ... More


State of Research

Ulrich Frey

in Sustainable Governance of Natural Resources: Uncovering Success Patterns with Machine Learning

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197502211
eISBN:
9780197502242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197502211.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter outlines the state of research. First, basic biological cooperation mechanisms are examined for their relevance for success in the management of natural resources. In a second step, ... More


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