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The Role of Surplus Labour

Chris Bramall

in Sources of Chinese Economic Growth, 1978-1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296973
eISBN:
9780191596018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296975.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

This chapter demonstrates that attempts to explain Chinese growth in terms of the transfer of surplus labour from agriculture to industry are unconvincing. The Lewis model, out of which ... More


Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870-1913

Oliver Grant

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199276561
eISBN:
9780191706059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276561.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Presenting a new view of German history in the late 19th century, the author argues that many of the problems of Imperial Germany were temporary ones produced by the strain of rapid ... More


The Pattern of Migration, 1870–1913

OLIVER GRANT

in Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870-1913

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199276561
eISBN:
9780191706059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276561.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers the factors which affected the pace of migration, and which eventually led to a change in the pattern of migration as the labour surplus phase came to an end. Topics discussed ... More


Migration in Germany 1870–1913: A Statistical Analysis

OLIVER GRANT

in Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870-1913

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199276561
eISBN:
9780191706059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276561.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter presents the examination of migration statistics using modern econometric analysis. The results show that there was a period of intense rural-urban migration in the 1870s and 1880s, and ... More


Has Development And Employment Through Labor‐Intensive Industrialization Become History? †

Rizwanul Islam

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2: Society, Institutions, and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239979
eISBN:
9780191716874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines (i) the extent to which developing countries of Asia with surplus labour have been able to follow the East Asian model of development and employment through labour-intensive ... More


The Workings of the Labour Bureaux

Deborah Posel

in The Making of Apartheid 1948–1961: Conflict and Compromise

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273349
eISBN:
9780191684036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273349.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the labour bureaux system and assesses how and why it failed to ‘rationalise’ the urban labour market in line with the prescriptions of the Native Affairs Department (NAD) ... More


Inequality, Malnutrition, and the Disfranchised

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter addresses different aspects of inequality, malnutrition, and the disfranchised. It has ten sections: (1) asset ownership, maintenance costs, and labour power; (2) the ... More


The Capitalist Boom: 1980–2008

Ho-fung Hung

in The China Boom: Why China Will Not Rule the World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231164184
eISBN:
9780231540223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164184.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Chapter 3 exposits how the legacies of East Asian capitalism and those of Mao's socialism combine to fuel the China boom. The chapter also discusses how the China boom derives most of its energy from ... More


Dis: Capitalist Exploitation as Force Contrary to Nature

William Clare Roberts

in Marx's Inferno: The Political Theory of Capital

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691180816
eISBN:
9781400883707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180816.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines parts two and three of Capital, where Karl Marx claims to reveal “the secret of modern society,” the capitalist exploitation of labor power, and which corresponds to Dante's ... More


China: Development, Inequality, and Imbalance

Carl Riskin

in China–India: Pathways of Economic and Social Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265673
eISBN:
9780191771903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265673.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

China, like India, presents a case of growth with increasing income inequality. In China this has gone hand in hand with a number of serious structural imbalances. It is clear that China’s problems ... More


Analysis of Allocation Mechanisms When Nutrition Affects Productivity

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter addresses different aspects of inequality, malnutrition, and the disfranchised. It has ten sections; (1) asset ownership, maintenance costs, and labour power; (2) the ... More


Malebolge: The Capitalist Mode of Production as Fraud

William Clare Roberts

in Marx's Inferno: The Political Theory of Capital

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691180816
eISBN:
9781400883707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180816.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines parts four through seven of Capital, where Karl Marx argues that capitalism is guilty of fraud. Rewriting Dante's long passage through the Malebolge (the ringed field where the ... More


Inclusive Dualism: Labour-intensive Development, Decent Work, and Surplus Labour in Southern Africa

Nicoli Nattrass and Jeremy Seekings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841463
eISBN:
9780191876967
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841463.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

W. Arthur Lewis, the founding father of development economics, saw developing economies as dualist, that is, characterised by differences in earnings and productivity between and within economic ... More


Labour Productivity and Employment in Surplus Labour Countries

Nicoli Nattrass and Jeremy Seekings

in Inclusive Dualism: Labour-intensive Development, Decent Work, and Surplus Labour in Southern Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841463
eISBN:
9780191876967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841463.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Chapter 3 argues that the ILO’s decent work agenda is insensitive to the needs of countries with high unemployment. We identify thirteen developing countries whose unemployment rate in 2016 was over ... More


Conclusion: Dualism, Unemployment, and the Perils of Decent Work Fundamentalism

Nicoli Nattrass and Jeremy Seekings

in Inclusive Dualism: Labour-intensive Development, Decent Work, and Surplus Labour in Southern Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841463
eISBN:
9780191876967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841463.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Chapter 8 considers the challenge of moving towards inclusive dualism for surplus labour countries. In such countries, decent work fundamentalism threatens to perpetuate or worsen poverty and ... More


The Lewis turning point: Is there a labour shortage in China?

Yang Yao

in The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199678204
eISBN:
9780191788635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.003.0064
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

One of the driving forces behind China’s phenomenal growth has been rural–urban migration. A pressing issue now is whether China has passed the Lewis turning point, that is, the point beyond which ... More


The Economic Resilience and Predicament of Rural Families

Yi Wu

in Negotiating Rural Land Ownership in Southwest China: State, Village, Family

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780824846770
eISBN:
9780824872168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824846770.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the economic resilience of the small family farms and the constraints that these farms faced in the post-Mao era. Key features of the family economy, such as managerialism, ... More


Prospective Growth Impacts of Export Services

Richard M. Auty and Haydn I. Furlonge

in The Rent Curse: Natural Resources, Policy Choice, and Economic Development

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198828860
eISBN:
9780191867330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828860.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since the 1980s, sophisticated export services in India have outpaced manufacturing in driving rapid growth of the economy and labour productivity. Prior to this, India repressed its emerging ... More


Explaining Health, Illness, and Society: Theoretical Approaches

V. Sujatha

in Sociology of Health and Medicine: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198099130
eISBN:
9780199082995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099130.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The first part of this chapter is about emergence of SOHM and the second part engages in details with four major sociological theories postulating the relations between society, health and medicine. ... More


American Unemployment: Past, Present, and Future

Frank Stricker

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780252043154
eISBN:
9780252052033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043154.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This book shows that full employment has been rare in the United States in the last 150 years; excessive unemployment has been the norm. Against prominent economists who argue that unemployment is ... More


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