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Conceptualising influences on women’s employment transitions: from various sociological and economic theories towards an integrated approach

Cristina Solera

in Women in and out of paid work: Changes across generations in Italy and Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349309
eISBN:
9781447304319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349309.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Women's labour market participation, marriage, fertility behaviour and, generally, gender roles changed dramatically during the second half of the twentieth century. Such changes have dominated the ... More


Working in Japan

Gracia Liu-Farrer

in Immigrant Japan: Mobility and Belonging in an Ethno-nationalist Society

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501748622
eISBN:
9781501748646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501748622.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter maps the diverse patterns of immigrants' labor market participation and career mobility. Several characteristics stand out. First, immigrants in Japan occupy diverse roles in the ... More


The different Italian and British contexts: the link to women’s employment patterns

Cristina Solera

in Women in and out of paid work: Changes across generations in Italy and Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349309
eISBN:
9781447304319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349309.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Italy and Britain differ greatly in the level, type, and pattern of women's labour market participation, in their normative and institutional contexts, and in the way that these have changed from the ... More


Labour market participation of women and social exclusion: contradictory processes of care employment in Sweden and Germany

Hildegard Theobald

in Care and social integration in European societies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346049
eISBN:
9781447301592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter demonstrates how the structures of care work in formal employment are in different ways influenced by the informal, family-based care work of the past. It also reports the interplay ... More


The Political Economy of Low Fertility

Frances Mccall Rosenbluth

in The Political Economy of Japan's Low Fertility

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754866
eISBN:
9780804768207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754866.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter first sets out the book's main argument, that low levels of fertility in Japan and in much of the developed world may not be freely chosen, but rather reflect how hard it is for women to ... More


‘Her’ and ‘his’ education and class: new polarisations in work histories

Cristina Solera

in Women in and out of paid work: Changes across generations in Italy and Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349309
eISBN:
9781447304319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349309.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Education is a strong discriminator of women's labour market supply and types of family-work combination. It gives access to higher job positions and wages, it mediates attitudes and identities, and ... More


Exploratory Analysis for Europe: Religion and Physical Appearance

Eleonora Patacchini, Giuseppe Ragusa, and Yves Zenou

in Unexplored Dimensions of Discrimination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198729853
eISBN:
9780191796500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729853.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

Using the available cross-country data for Europe, this chapter provides novel evidence on the employment and labor market participation rates of underweight and overweight people as well as people ... More


Changing patterns of ethnic disadvantage in employment

Mason David

in Explaining ethnic differences: Changing patterns of disadvantage in Britain

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344670
eISBN:
9781447302261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344670.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter describes the changing patterns of ethnic disadvantage in employment in Great Britain. It discusses the increasingly differentiated experiences of Britain's minority ethnic citizens and ... More


Housework over the family life course

Shannon N. Davis and Theodore N. Greenstein

in Why Who Cleans Counts: What Housework Tells Us about American Family Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447336747
eISBN:
9781447336792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336747.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

To examine the effectiveness of our argument that housework can be used to understand power in families, we apply our theoretical framework across the family life course. In this chapter we ... More


Older Volunteers in the Netherlands: New Challenges to an Old Tradition

Joop Schippers and Wieteke Conen

in Active ageing: Voluntary work by older people in Europe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447307204
eISBN:
9781447303145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447307204.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Despite major changes in the Dutch welfare system and an increase in labour market participation the number of older volunteers has been and still is increasing. The typical Dutch older volunteer is ... More


Promoting social investment through work–family policies: which nations do it and why?1

Kimberly J. Morgan (ed.)

in Towards A Social Investment Welfare State?: Ideas, Policies and Challenges

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781847429247
eISBN:
9781447305613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429247.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter analyses the development of childcare and work-family reconciliation policies in three groups of countries: countries where early childhood education and care policies are well developed ... More


Labour market integration of women and childcare in Slovenia

Nevenka Černigoj Sadar

in Care and social integration in European societies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346049
eISBN:
9781447301592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter emphasizes the socio-economic, social policy and individual level influences seen on the production and reproduction of gender divisions in care work in the last few decades in Slovenia. ... More


Informal family-based care work in the Austrian care arrangement

Margareta Kreimer and Helene Schiffbänker

in Care and social integration in European societies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346049
eISBN:
9781447301592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter starts by discussing the Austrian care system and giving some figures about female labour market participation. It also describes the social integration of family care on the conceptual ... More


Citizenship and changing welfare states

Ruth Lister

in Changing labour markets, welfare policies and citizenship

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342720
eISBN:
9781447301660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342720.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter provides an overview of the tradition of citizenship within the context of a number of trends in European welfare states, which have impact on gendered citizenship. These trends are ... More


Coping Strategies

Charles S. Pearson

in On the Cusp: From Population Boom to Bust

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190223915
eISBN:
9780190223946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223915.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter starts with some general comments on population policy: the fiscal-economic distinction, the national security argument regarding population size, life cycle analysis of policy, and the ... More


Hong Kong and human dignity

Chak Kwan and Graham Bowpitt

in Human dignity and welfare systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344311
eISBN:
9781447302551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344311.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter looks at the first case study on human dignity, which is set in Hong Kong. It reveals that Hong Kong can be considered as a good case study of a capitalist welfare system's attitudes ... More


The Political Economy of the Service Transition

Anne Wren (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199657285
eISBN:
9780191745133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657285.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

In recent decades, the world’s most developed economies— commonly labeled the advanced industrial democracies— have faced massive structural change. Industrial sectors, which once formed the economic ... More


The Italian Case

Francesca Degiuli

in Caring for a Living: Migrant Women, Aging Citizens, and Italian Families

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199989010
eISBN:
9780190607968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989010.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter explores how global and regional macroprocesses become embedded in the local reality of one specific country, in this case Italy, generating new realities, new jobs, and new economic and ... More


Disability and Social Security Reforms The French Case

Luc Behaghel, Didier Blanchet, Thierry Debrand, and Muriel Roger

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226903095
eISBN:
9780226921952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter, which examines the link between pension reforms and take-up of disability benefits and, more generally, the importance of health considerations in the design of pension policies, begins ... More


Who Are Victims? A Review

in Criminals and Victims

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762526
eISBN:
9780804777599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762526.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Victims are individuals who suffer harm as a consequence of a crime. This chapter examines the circumstances and behavior of victims, focusing on the actions taken by victims and the wider desire to ... More


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