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Globalization and the New Politics of Embedded Liberalism

Jude Hays

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195369335
eISBN:
9780199871056
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369335.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

On one level, the book is about how national institutions, such as electoral and labor market institutions, shape the political and policy responses of government to economic globalization: it is ... More


 Labor Market Institutions and Unemployment: Assessment of the Cross‐Country Evidence

Dean Baker, Andrew Glyn, David R. Howell, and John Schmitt

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Chapter 3 takes up the question of the robustness of the cross-country evidence for the orthodox claim that labor market institutions explain the pattern of unemployment across the affluent ... More


 Testing the Flexibility Paradigm: Canadian Labor Market Performance in International Context

Jim Stanford

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Like most of Europe, Canada experienced high levels of unemployment from the early 1980s through the late 1990s. It responded by introducing significant labor market reforms aimed at implementing ... More


The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Gilles Saint-Paul

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Most economists think that unemployment is high in Europe because of rigid labour market institutions such as minimum wages, unemployment benefits, and employment protection. The book develops a ... More


Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

David Howell (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Much of Europe remains plagued by high levels of unemployment. Fighting Unemployment critically assesses the widely accepted view that the culprit is excessive labor market regulation and overly ... More


 Wage Compression and the Unemployment Crisis: Labor Market Institutions, Skills, and Inequality‐Unemployment Tradeoffs

David R. Howell and Friedrich Huebler

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

At the core of the orthodox view is the belief that policy makers face an ineluctable choice between employment and equality. With data from the OECD for the major affluent OECD countries, empirical ... More


 Unemployment and Labor Market Institutions: An Assessment

David R. Howell

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This concluding chapter makes use of evidence from the earlier chapters in this volume, from other recent country case studies, and from additional data on selected country “success stories” and ... More


 Introduction

David R. Howell

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This introductory chapter briefly outlines the historical development of the welfare state and then provides an overview of the several dimensions of the employment problem, focusing on the pattern ... More


Labour Market Institutions and Income Inequality: What are the New Insights after the Washington Consensus?

Rolph van der Hoeven and Catherine Saget

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Looks at some of the labour market outcomes of recent economic reforms. The extent to which labour market institutions affect the relationship between reform policies and income inequality remains ... More


 Employment Performance and Labor Market Institutions: The Case of Spain

Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo Llorente

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

From a stunning 23.9% in 1994, Spain’s unemployment rate fell to 13% in 2001. In this chapter, Bustillo challenges the conventional views that the main culprits of Spain’s high unemployment were ... More


 Is Labor Market Regulation at the Root of Unemployment?: The Case of Germany and the Netherlands

Ronald Schettkat

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

While the Netherlands experienced high unemployment in the late 1980s, it outperformed the United States in the early 1990s and has done so since 1997. Germany’s high unemployment is entirely a ... More


 Labor Market Policy, Flexibility, and Employment Performance: Denmark and Sweden in the 1990s

Peter Plougmann and Per Kongshøj Madsen

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Chapter 9 considers Denmark and Sweden, two countries that exemplify the universalistic welfare state. Denmark’s unemployment rate was similar to that of the United States in the 1980s, rose above it ... More


 Is the OECD Jobs Strategy behind U.S. and British Employment and Unemployment Success in the 1990s?

John Schmitt and Jonathan Wadsworth

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The authors investigate the extent to which the logic of flexibility that underpins the OECD’s Job Study can explain the relative labor-market performance of the United States and the United Kingdom. ... More


 Labor Market Success and Labor Market Reform: Lessons from Ireland and New Zealand

Andrew Glyn

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Ireland and New Zealand are often acclaimed as 1990s labor market success stories. Andrew Glyn shows that Ireland achieved this extraordinary improvement in labor market performance without adopting ... More


The Contribution of Labour Law to Economic and Human Development

Simon Deakin

in The Idea of Labour Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199693610
eISBN:
9780191729744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693610.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter proposes a ‘systemic’ conception of labour market institutions as a basis for understanding how labour law can facilitate economic and human development. Labour law rules are seen as ... More


Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Francine D. Blau

Anne C. Gielen and Klaus F. Zimmermann (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This book contains extensive research on progress made by women in the labour market, and the characteristics and causes of remaining gender inequalities. It also covers other indicators of gender ... More


Conceptualizing European unemployment: the emergence of a European employment policy

Diamond Ashiagbor

in The European Employment Strategy: Labour Market Regulation and New Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279647
eISBN:
9780191707278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279647.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Employment Law

This chapter examines the conceptualisation of European unemployment by comparing the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Jobs Study and the European Commission's White Paper ... More


International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter studies the considerably higher level of wage inequality in the US than in nine other OECD countries. It appears that the greater overall US wage dispersion primarily reflects ... More


Understanding International Differences in the Gender Pay Gap

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

Using microdata for twenty-two countries over the 1985–94 period, this chapter shows that more compressed male wage structures and lower female net supply are both associated with a lower gender pay ... More


Wage Structure and Gender Earnings Differentials: An International Comparison

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

Using microdata to analyze the gender pay gap in ten industrialized nations, this chapter focuses on the role of wage structure — the prices of labour market skills — in influencing the gender gap. ... More


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