Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 34 items

  • Keywords: labor costs x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Adjusting Badly the German Welfare State, Structural Change, and the Open Economy

Philip Manow and Eric Seils

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Germany was comparatively successful in weathering the macroeconomic crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its industrial sector remained highly competitive throughout. Nevertheless, unemployment ... More


 Unemployment and Labor Market Institutions: An Assessment

David R. Howell

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This concluding chapter makes use of evidence from the earlier chapters in this volume, from other recent country case studies, and from additional data on selected country “success stories” and ... More


France Directing Adjustment?

Jonah D. Levy

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Bismarckian welfare state in France is financed by social security contributions to an even greater degree than is true in Germany. During the oil‐price crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, job ... More


Drawing Together the Threads: A Question of Labour Costs and Work Intensification

Huw Beynon, Damian Grimshaw, Jill Rubery, and Kevin Ward

in Managing Employment Change: The New Realities of Work

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248698
eISBN:
9780191697760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248698.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

This chapter argues that the different employment practices and policies can be interpreted as a function of two interrelated factors: wage labour costs and work intensity. In this way, the separate ... More


Pay and Incentives

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Following the logic of the employment relationship, workers are paid for making their labour available to the employer as much as for the amount of effort expended. Hence, the ‘price of labour’ is ... More


Labour Relations and their Interaction with Economic Policy

Franz Traxler, Sabine Blaschke, and Bernhard Kittel

in National Labour Relations in Internationalized Markets: A Comparative Study of Institutions, Change and Performance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295549
eISBN:
9780191685132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295549.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Political Economy

The effect that bargaining coordination has on macroeconomic developments is dependent on how these developments are linked with labour costs. Because of the declining variation in labour-cost growth ... More


 Is Labor Market Regulation at the Root of Unemployment?: The Case of Germany and the Netherlands

Ronald Schettkat

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

While the Netherlands experienced high unemployment in the late 1980s, it outperformed the United States in the early 1990s and has done so since 1997. Germany’s high unemployment is entirely a ... More


Introduction

Marcus Rebick

in The Japanese Employment System: Adapting to a New Economic Environment

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199247240
eISBN:
9780191602566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247242.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Sets the stage for the analysis in the rest of the book. There is a review of Japan’s long recession, and the thesis is put forward that rising labour costs due to yen appreciation, the downturn of ... More


Concepts and Hypotheses

Franz Traxler, Sabine Blaschke, and Bernhard Kittel

in National Labour Relations in Internationalized Markets: A Comparative Study of Institutions, Change and Performance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295549
eISBN:
9780191685132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295549.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Political Economy

In analysing the impact of labour relations, particularly on issues regarding efficiency, employment, inflation, and economic growth need to be considered. This approach however does not take the ... More


Globalization I: The Shock of Liberalization

John Sutton

in Competing in Capabilities: The Globalization Process

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199274536
eISBN:
9780191746123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274536.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the following assumption: you can't make something out of nothing. In other words, not all costs are labour costs. All manufactured exports require for their production some ... More


Shutdown: Death of an Industry

Larry Lankton

in Cradle to Grave: Life, Work, and Death at the Lake Superior Copper Mines

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195083576
eISBN:
9780199854158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083576.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Price Fixing Committee of the War Industries Board started setting the price of copper to be paid by the American government and manufacturers. The price of copper declined, and the Lake mines ... More


Adaptation at the Cost of Adaptability? Restructuring the Eastern German Regional Economy

Gernot Grabher and David Stark

in Restructuring Networks in Post-Socialism: Legacies, Linkages and Localities

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290209
eISBN:
9780191684791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290209.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Political Economy

This chapter examines the motives of Western corporations investing in eastern Germany. It illustrates how the initial expectations for economic development in eastern Germany and in Eastern Europe ... More


What Price is Just?

Mark R. Reiff

in Exploitation and Economic Justice in the Liberal Capitalist State

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199664009
eISBN:
9780191751400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664009.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the critical element of price, rejects the idea that the market price is necessarily just, and develops a new, objective cost-of-production-based conception of what makes the ... More


The Social Cost of Labour

Raaj K. Sah and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Peasants versus City-Dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253579
eISBN:
9780191601682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253579.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is somewhat unrelated to the rest of the book, since it does not deal with taxation policies but with the calculation of the shadow cost of labour (shadow wage) in less developed ... More


Which countries perform best and why?

Kari Hadjivassiliou (ed.)

in Youth Employment: Style Handbook

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447350347
eISBN:
9781447350354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447350347.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines countries' performance regarding youth unemployment. Although the labour market situation of young people has started to improve in a number of countries since the Great ... More


Determinants of Labor Demand in Colombia 1976–1996

Mauricio Cárdenas and Raquel Bernal

in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226322827
eISBN:
9780226322858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322858.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Under the old system, employers managed the funds, and employees were allowed to make partial withdrawals at any time. At the time of separation, those withdrawals were debited in nominal terms, ... More


Pathological Adjustment, Structural Change, and the Welfare State: Modell Deutschland after the Golden Age

Philip Manow

in Social Protection, Capitalist Production: The Bismarckian Welfare State in the German Political Economy, 1880-2015

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198842538
eISBN:
9780191878503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842538.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Once the period of high growth had passed, the welfare state maintained wage coordination by providing labor and capital with the resources to alleviate their deepening distributional conflicts—with ... More


Reengineered and Rewired: Downsized Business and the Insecure Worker

Michael Dennis

in The New Economy and the Modern South

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032917
eISBN:
9780813038407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032917.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The dominant theme of the 1990s was the explosive potential of advanced technology. In Virginia, the former capital of the Confederacy, the high-tech phenomenon played out against a background of ... More


The Impact of Regulations on Brazilian Labor Market Performance

Ricardo Paes De Barros and Carlos Henrique Corseuil

in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226322827
eISBN:
9780226322858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322858.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Labor market regulations are invariably introduced with two objectives. The first one is to improve the welfare of the labor force, even at the cost of introducing some degree of economic ... More


The Limits of Voluntary Employer Action for Improving Low-Level Jobs

Susan J. Lambert

in Working and Living in the Shadow of Economic Fragility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199988488
eISBN:
9780190218249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988488.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Research and Evaluation

The practices employers use to contain labor costs in low-level hourly jobs fuel economic insecurity and income inequality. Because labor costs in hourly jobs are mostly variable, not fixed, ... More


View: