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“The Health and Safety of the Nation”

William J. Mello

in New York Longshoremen: Class and Power on the Docks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034898
eISBN:
9780813038681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034898.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The strategy of elites and state authorities to respond to the mounting dock labor conflict was shaped in large part by a growing strike wave experienced in the United States during the 1950s. In ... More


Disciplining Labor and Rebuilding the Labor Process

Frederic C. Deyo

in Reforming Asian Labor Systems: Economic Tensions and Worker Dissent

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450518
eISBN:
9780801463945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450518.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines tensions and conflicts in the labor processes of manufacturing firms and how those tensions have been addressed by employers and states. It considers six common strategies used ... More


Insurgency Trap: Labor Politics in Postsocialist China

Eli Friedman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452697
eISBN:
9780801470516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452697.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

During the first decade of the twenty-first century, worker resistance in China increased rapidly despite the fact that certain segments of the state began moving in a pro-labor direction. This book ... More


The Chicken Trail: Following Workers, Migrants, and Corporations across the Americas

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451164
eISBN:
9780801468056
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451164.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This book examines the impact of globalization—and of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in particular—on the North American poultry industry, focusing on the displacement of African ... More


Solving Industry Crises: Pollos Y Polleros

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

in The Chicken Trail: Following Workers, Migrants, and Corporations across the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451164
eISBN:
9780801468056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451164.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter examines the labor and profit crises that hounded the poultry industry in the mid-1990s. It begins with an overview of the framework used to conceptualize and analyze the ... More


Labor Politics and Capitalist Industrialization

Eli Friedman

in Insurgency Trap: Labor Politics in Postsocialist China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452697
eISBN:
9780801470516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452697.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to address a problem of the political economy of early twenty-first-century China: Why is it that in the more than ten years since the central ... More


Redefining “Women’s Work”: The Sexual Division of Labor in the Auto Industry during World War II

Ruth Milkman

in On Gender, Labor, and Inequality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040320
eISBN:
9780252098581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040320.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter examines the sexual division of labor in the automobile industry during World War II to find out whether job segregation by gender had been dismantled during the war. It begins with a ... More


The Worlds of Ironworkers

Anne Kelly Knowles and Chester Harvey

in Mastering Iron: The Struggle to Modernize an American Industry, 1800-1868

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226448596
eISBN:
9780226448619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226448619.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explores the social aspects of the iron industry, beginning with the perception of ironworks as extreme places, as portrayed by outside observers and by workers themselves. It then looks ... More


Worker Insurgency and the Evolving Political Economy of the Pearl River Delta

Eli Friedman

in Insurgency Trap: Labor Politics in Postsocialist China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452697
eISBN:
9780801470516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452697.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter looks at how unions respond to particular instances of worker resistance and how these responses evolved in the period 2007–10. It compares two strikes that in many ways were similar—the ... More


Taylorism Invades the Hen House

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

in The Chicken Trail: Following Workers, Migrants, and Corporations across the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451164
eISBN:
9780801468056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451164.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter challenges the notions that ethnic succession was driven by “vacancy” and “shortage” and explains why both explanations are incomplete. It argues that such explanations do not address ... More


Causes of Railroad Labor Conflict: The Case of Queensland, Australia, and the Northern US Plains, 1880–1900

Bradley Bowden and Peta Stevenson-Clarke

in Frontiers of Labor: Comparative Histories of the United States and Australia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041839
eISBN:
9780252050503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041839.003.0010
Subject:
History, Economic History

New World railroads were seminal to nineteenth-century industrialization and European expansion. Funded by the profits of industrialization, the railroads opened new lands for agricultural and ... More


Into the New Century: Economic Expansion and Continued Discord

Robert F. Zeidel

in Robber Barons and Wretched Refuse: Ethnic and Class Dynamics during the Era of American Industrialization

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501748318
eISBN:
9781501748332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501748318.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter details how the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901 reinforced the presumed connection between immigrants and class-based radicalism that had been building for the ... More


From Nantymoel to Hollywood the Incredible Journey of Mary Thomas

Ronald L. Lewis

in Welsh Americans: A History of Assimilation in the Coalfields

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832202
eISBN:
9781469605814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807887905_lewis.13
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter shows why women played no official role in the United Mine Workers of America—they were barred from working in the mines. Unofficially, however, women did play a significant part in the ... More


The Ordeal of Eugene Debs: The Panic of 1893, the Pullman Strike, and the Origins of the Progressive Movement

Scott Reynolds Nelson

in Workers in Hard Times: A Long View of Economic Crises

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038174
eISBN:
9780252095979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038174.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

The American panic of 1893 has its origins in the fiscal policy of the U.S. Congress. Within a year, the 1893 panic ushered in one of the most famous labor conflicts in American history. The American ... More


The Baseball Trust: A History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Stuart Banner

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199930296
eISBN:
9780190254575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The impact of antitrust law on sports is in the news all the time, especially when there is labor conflict between players and owners, or when a team wants to move to a new city. And if the majority ... More


Home Rulers and Republicans, 1890–1916

David Brundage

in Irish Nationalists in America: The Politics of Exile, 1798–1998

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780195331776
eISBN:
9780199378166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331776.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

Following a brief discussion of the fall of Irish Home Rule leader Charles Stewart Parnell, this chapter delineates the two major strands of Irish American nationalism (Home Rule supporters and ... More


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