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Like No Other: Exceptionalism and Nativism in Early Modern Japan

Mark Thomas McNally

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852849
eISBN:
9780824868253
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852849.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The paradigmatic connection between Kokugaku and nativism is misleading and even wrong. In the humanities and the social sciences, nativism either describes anti-immigrant political movements or ... More


In Search of the Way: Thought and Religion in Early—Modern Japan, 1582-1860

Richard Bowring

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198795230
eISBN:
9780191836534
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795230.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History, History of Ideas

In Search of the Way is a history of intellectual and religious developments in Japan during the Tokugawa period, 1582–1860. It begins with an explanation of the fate of Christianity, and goes on to ... More


From Country to Nation: Ethnographic Studies, Kokugaku, and Spirits in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Gideon Fujiwara

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501753930
eISBN:
9781501753954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753930.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book tracks the emergence of the modern Japanese nation in the nineteenth century through the history of some of its local aspirants. It explores how kokugaku (Japan studies) scholars envisioned ... More


Nativism, Exceptionalism, Emics, and Etics

Mark Thomas McNally

in Like No Other: Exceptionalism and Nativism in Early Modern Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852849
eISBN:
9780824868253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852849.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Japanologists have inserted Kokugaku into various narratives involving Japanese nationalism, despite the fact that there is no universal agreement among them concerning the nature of the Japanese ... More


Locating Tsugaru within Sacred Japan

Gideon Fujiwara

in From Country to Nation: Ethnographic Studies, Kokugaku, and Spirits in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501753930
eISBN:
9781501753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753930.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the dynamics between ethnographic research and kokugaku since the late eighteenth century. It discusses Hirao Rosen's work in documenting folk life and culture across both ... More


Circles and Circumstances

Laura Nenzi

in The Chaos and Cosmos of Kurosawa Tokiko: One Woman's Transit from Tokugawa to Meiji Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839574
eISBN:
9780824869656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839574.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines Tokiko’s connections with peers, mentors, and informants near and far. By tracing the contours of her social circles it identifies the space where her worldview and her ... More


Kokugaku, Nativism, and “Exceptional” Japan

Mark Thomas McNally

in Like No Other: Exceptionalism and Nativism in Early Modern Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852849
eISBN:
9780824868253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852849.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

With few exceptions, scholars of early modern Japanese studies have exclusively assigned Kokugaku to the historiographical category of nativism. This conceptual association, however, has generated ... More


Proving Uniqueness and Asserting Superiority: The History of Exceptionalism

Mark Thomas McNally

in Like No Other: Exceptionalism and Nativism in Early Modern Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852849
eISBN:
9780824868253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852849.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

Just like nativism, there are two competing, yet related, forms of exceptionalism: one for those who are exceptionalists themselves, and another for those who are not. To American exceptionalists, ... More


Transcending Confucian Hierarchy with a Logocentric Binary

Mark Thomas McNally

in Like No Other: Exceptionalism and Nativism in Early Modern Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852849
eISBN:
9780824868253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852849.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

Using exceptionalism as an etic can only be accomplished at the expense of undermining its original emic form, in other words, exceptionalism itself. As the case of Kokugaku demonstrates, ... More


The Early Period of Ueda Kazutoshi

Lee Yeounsuk

in The Ideology of Kokugo: Nationalizing Language in Modern Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833053
eISBN:
9780824870553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833053.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter outlines Ueda Kazutoshi's criticism of traditional kokugaku and his acceptance of modern linguistics. The central figure behind the ideology of kokugo's prevalence in Meiji-era ... More


The Transformation of History in China and Japan

Axel Schneider and Stefan Tanaka

in The Oxford History of Historical Writing: Volume 4: 1800-1945

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199533091
eISBN:
9780191804359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199533091.003.0025
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on China and Japan's traditions of historiography. These were closely connected, with China initially exerting a formative influence on Japan. In China, concepts of the ideal ... More


Shinto and Kokugaku

Helen Hardacre

in Shinto

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190621711
eISBN:
9780190621742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190621711.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Examines nativist thought, Kokugaku, in relation to Shinto. Calling for wholesale rejection of Chinese influence in thought, culture, and politics, nativist scholars Motoori Norinaga, Hirata ... More


Introduction

Gideon Fujiwara

in From Country to Nation: Ethnographic Studies, Kokugaku, and Spirits in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501753930
eISBN:
9781501753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753930.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter sheds light on the ways in which intellectuals from diverse social backgrounds studied, imagined, and experienced a multiplicity of community, which included but was not ... More


Visions of Japan and Other “Countries” in the World

Gideon Fujiwara

in From Country to Nation: Ethnographic Studies, Kokugaku, and Spirits in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501753930
eISBN:
9781501753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753930.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter begins by outlining Commodore Matthew Perry's arrival and the “opening” of Hakodate port. It analyses the crises of foreign policy and domestic politics of the United States and Japan ... More


Hirata Kokugaku and the National Network

Gideon Fujiwara

in From Country to Nation: Ethnographic Studies, Kokugaku, and Spirits in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501753930
eISBN:
9781501753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753930.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter introduces Hirata Atsutane and his thought. Atsutane was a disciple of the late kokugaku scholar Motoori Norinaga, and was recognized as a “Great Man” of the same philosophical ... More


The Academy and the Tsugaru Disciples

Gideon Fujiwara

in From Country to Nation: Ethnographic Studies, Kokugaku, and Spirits in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501753930
eISBN:
9781501753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753930.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter chronicles the formation of the Tsugaru group of posthumous Hirata disciples and highlights Tsuruya Ariyo's efforts as a leader. This circle was devoted to poetry composition, the study ... More


Supporting the Restoration in War and Ritual

Gideon Fujiwara

in From Country to Nation: Ethnographic Studies, Kokugaku, and Spirits in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501753930
eISBN:
9781501753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753930.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter tells the history of the Meiji Restoration in Hirosaki domain. Amid the turmoil and uncertainty of the Boshin civil war, Hirosaki domain transferred allegiance from the shogunal forces to ... More


Modern Society and the Tsugaru Disciples

Gideon Fujiwara

in From Country to Nation: Ethnographic Studies, Kokugaku, and Spirits in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501753930
eISBN:
9781501753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753930.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

The final chapter illustrates how the Tsugaru group experienced modernity in the early Meiji period, including the transformation of their “country” into a prefecture within the modern nation of ... More


Ethnography, Kokugaku, and Community in Modern Japan

Gideon Fujiwara

in From Country to Nation: Ethnographic Studies, Kokugaku, and Spirits in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501753930
eISBN:
9781501753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753930.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

The concluding chapter documents the transition of the country of Tsugaru from early modern Tokugawa society to the modern Meiji nation-state, through the experiences of the Hirata school kokugaku ... More


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