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No Need for Excuses: Against Knowledge-First Epistemology and the Knowledge Norm of Assertion

Joshua Schechter

in Knowledge First: Approaches in Epistemology and Mind

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198716310
eISBN:
9780191785023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716310.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter discusses the viability of knowledge-first epistemology. The chapter has two parts. The first part presents several big-picture objections to knowledge-first epistemology and argues that ... More


Knowledge-First Virtue Epistemology

Christoph Kelp

in Knowledge First: Approaches in Epistemology and Mind

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198716310
eISBN:
9780191785023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716310.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter aims to develop a novel virtue epistemological account of knowledge and justified belief, which gives the view a knowledge first spin. It is virtue epistemological in that it offers ... More


Epistemic Supervenience, Anti-individualism, and Knowledge-First Epistemology

Jesper Kallestrup, Emma C. Gordon, and Duncan Pritchard

in Knowledge First: Approaches in Epistemology and Mind

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198716310
eISBN:
9780191785023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716310.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter investigates connections between Knowledge-First epistemology and a meta-epistemological thesis defended elsewhere by the authors (and in opposition to robust forms of virtue ... More


Loosening the Need-Concept Tie: Edward Craig

Matthieu Queloz

in The Practical Origins of Ideas: Genealogy as Conceptual Reverse-Engineering

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198868705
eISBN:
9780191905179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198868705.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter on E. J. Craig’s genealogy of the concept of knowledge aims to bring out four attractive features of the method. First, by examining its alleged incompatibility with knowledge-first ... More


Attention, Information, and Epistemic Perception

Nicolas J. Bullot

in Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter outlines a theory grounded on the so-called attentional constitution principle (ACP). The ACP contends that attention is constitutive of humans’ perceptual knowledge about individuals. ... More


Simple Veritism

Christopher Cowie

in Morality and Epistemic Judgement: The Argument From Analogy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198842736
eISBN:
9780191878664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842736.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

In modelling epistemic judgements on normative or evaluative judgements within ‘institutions’—such as sports and games, etiquette, fashion, and the law—as has been done in earlier chapters it has ... More


How and Why Knowledge is First

Clayton Littlejohn

in Knowledge First: Approaches in Epistemology and Mind

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198716310
eISBN:
9780191785023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716310.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter’s dialectical aim has, as its focus, a sustained defence of the claim that one cannot have a reason in one’s possession unless it is something that one knows. This view is claimed to ... More


Valuing Interdisciplinary Collaborative Research: Beyond Impact

Keri Facer and Kate Pahl (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447331605
eISBN:
9781447331650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447331605.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This book articulates what it is to do collaborative interdisciplinary research drawing on projects from the UK based Arts and Humanities Research Council funded Connected Communities programme. This ... More


From the Value of Knowledge to Skills and Stereotypes: The Individual Ideal of Known Freedom

Boudewijn de Bruin

in The Business of Liberty: Freedom and Information in Ethics, Politics, and Law

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780198839675
eISBN:
9780191875502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839675.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter develops the normative ideal of known freedom. You possess known freedom to the extent that you possess knowledge about your opportunity set—that is, about available actions, their ... More


Knowledge First and Ockhamism

Alexander Arnold

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198722335
eISBN:
9780191789229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722335.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter uses some resources of the knowledge-first approach in epistemology (KFAE), championed by Timothy Williamson and characterized by the idea that epistemology should be done by beginning ... More


Objective Bayesianism and Knowledge-First Epistemology

Juan Comesaña

in Being Rational and Being Right

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198847717
eISBN:
9780191882388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847717.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter distinguishes between subjective and objective versions of Bayesianism, arguing for the latter variety. The distinction is made in terms of constraints on ur-priors. Lewis’s “Principal ... More


Introduction: Reasons Responsiveness, the Reasons Program, and Knowledge-First

Errol Lord

in The Importance of Being Rational

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815099
eISBN:
9780191852916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815099.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces and motivates the main thesis of the book. This is a view of rationality called Reasons Responsiveness, which holds that what it is to be rational is to correctly respond to ... More


The Spectra of Epistemic Norms

Matt Weiner

in Epistemic Norms: New Essays on Action, Belief, and Assertion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199660025
eISBN:
9780191772672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660025.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that there is a wide variety of epistemic norms, distributed along two different spectra. One spectrum runs from the ideal to the practical and concerns the extent to which it is ... More


Philosophical Sex

David Hillman

in Shakespeare's Hamlet: Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190698515
eISBN:
9780190698553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698515.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This essay argues that we need to give more thought to sex in Hamlet—to broaden our thinking beyond the critical consensus regarding the protagonist’s “loathing” of sexuality. I suggest that Hamlet’s ... More


Defeaters as Indicators of Ignorance

Julien Dutant and Clayton Littlejohn

in Reasons, Justification, and Defeat

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198847205
eISBN:
9780191882111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847205.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this paper, we propose a new theory of rationality defeat. We propose that defeaters are indicators of ignorance, evidence that we’re not in a position to know some target proposition. When the ... More


“Stolen from Africa”1

Kristin Waters

in Maria W. Stewart and the Roots of Black Political Thought

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781496836748
eISBN:
9781496836731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496836748.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

The search among the many Caesars who may have been Maria Miller’s father provides an opportunity to consider the origins of the slave trade in the context of an accessible philosophical ... More


The Unity of Reason

Clayton Littlejohn

in Epistemic Norms: New Essays on Action, Belief, and Assertion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199660025
eISBN:
9780191772672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660025.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Cases of reasonable, mistaken belief figure prominently in discussions of the knowledge norm of assertion and practical reason as putative counterexamples to these norms. These cases are supposed to ... More


Knowledge versus Truth

John Gibbons

in Epistemic Norms: New Essays on Action, Belief, and Assertion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199660025
eISBN:
9780191772672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660025.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Does belief aim at knowledge or merely at the truth? And what does it mean for belief to aim at something? One account of what it is for belief to aim at something is provided. If you believe that p, ... More


‘Something I have seen or think it possible to see’: Byron and Italian art in Ravenna

Jane Stabler

in Byron and Italy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526100559
eISBN:
9781526132222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526100559.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter centres on the problematic theme of Byron’s relation to the visual arts and Italian art in particular. It offers possible keys for reading Byron’s response to the art of Italy by ... More


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