Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 21 items

  • Keywords: knowledge ascriptions x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Introduction: Knowledge Ascriptions: Their Semantics, Cognitive Bases, and Social Functions

Jessica Brown and Mikkel Gerken

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book brings together a number of diverse strands of contemporary research that have focused on knowledge ascriptions. One such strand is the ‘linguistic turn’ according to which knowledge ... More


On the Cognitive Bases of Knowledge Ascriptions

Mikkel Gerken

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter develops an epistemic focal bias account of certain patterns of judgments about knowledge ascriptions by integrating it with a general dual process framework of human cognition. According ... More


Knowledge Ascriptions

Jessica Brown and Mikkel Gerken (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Knowledge ascriptions, such as ‘Sam knows that Obama is president of the United States’, play a central role in our cognitive and social lives. For example, they are closely related to epistemic ... More


Mindreading in Gettier Cases and Skeptical Pressure Cases

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

To what extent should we trust our natural instincts about knowledge? The question has special urgency for epistemologists who want to draw evidential support for their theories from certain ... More


Facts: Particulars or Information Units? *

Angelika Kratzer

in Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234684
eISBN:
9780191738432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234684.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter documents the role of facts in producing Gettier puzzles for factive constructions. Gettier puzzles are typically discussed with knowledge ascriptions, but Gettier puzzles can be ... More


Diagnosing Practical Factor Effects

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 12 deals with the practical factor effects by arguing that in the cases where practical factor effects are generated, the focus is on some pertinent action. In the cases where the knowledge ... More


Puzzling Patterns of Knowledge Ascriptions

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 surveys the philosophical reasons and empirical evidence for assuming that there are a number of puzzling patterns of knowledge ascriptions. Three effects on folk knowledge ascriptions are ... More


The Psychology of Knowledge Ascriptions

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 5 surveys some empirical psychology and outlines some folk epistemological principles. By considering the heuristic and biases tradition, it is argued that ordinary knowledge ascriptions are ... More


Cognition and Communication: Toward a Unified Account

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 8 connects the discussion of epistemic norms of assertion to pragmatics more generally and to the pragmatics of knowledge ascriptions in particular. Some pragmatic theories and recent work in ... More


Staging a Strict Purist Invariantist Comeback

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 9 responds to arguments for pragmatic encroachment that appeal to the communicative functions of knowledge ascriptions or genealogical assumptions. The methodology of such arguments is ... More


Arguments for Strict Purist Invariantism

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A number of arguments against the epistemological views motivated by the salient alternative, contrast and practical factor effects are set forth. The negative arguments suggest that these effects ... More


Thought and Talk about Knowledge

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 1 outlines the core assumptions of the epistemological framework to be defended. For example, a variety of a relevant-alternatives framework that appeals to normal circumstances is adopted, ... More


Diagnosing Contrast Effects

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 11 concerns the contrast effects on knowledge ascriptions. It begins by articulating the epistemic focal bias account according to which the contrast effects amount to false positives. On ... More


Theoretical Responses and Methodology

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 3 begins with a partial taxonomy of the theoretical responses to the puzzling patterns of knowledge ascriptions. This includes a characterization of pragmatic encroachment that captures a ... More


Introduction

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The introduction consists of a nontechnical presentation of the central themes and ambitions of the book. It begins by characterizing folk epistemology and by noting the centrality of the ascriptions ... More


Śakyatāvacchedaka: Delimiting the Reach of Reference

Jonardon Ganeri

in Artha: Meaning

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198074137
eISBN:
9780199082131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074137.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter addresses two Nyāya authors who deny that the mandate needs to state the mode under which an understander has to think of the referent; to use Wittgenstein's metaphor, it can prescribe ... More


Diagnosing Salient Alternative Effects

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 10 addresses the salient alternative effects on knowledge ascriptions by developing the epistemic focal bias account. According to this account, denials of knowledge in the face of a salient ... More


The Epistemic Norms of Action

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 6 concerns the normative relationship between action and knowledge ascriptions. Arguments are provided against a Knowledge Norm of Action (KNAC) and in favor of the Warrant-Action norm (WA). ... More


On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Mikkel Gerken

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

On Folk Epistemology is a book about how we ascribe knowledge to ourselves and others. Empirical evidence suggests that we do so early and often in thought as well as in talk. Since such knowledge ... More


The Epistemic Norms of Assertion

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 7 extends the discussion of epistemic norms to the linguistic realm. Again, it is argued that a Knowledge Norm of Assertion (KNAS) is inadequate and should be replaced with a ... More


View: