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Introduction to Reactive Gas Dynamics

Raymond Brun

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199552689
eISBN:
9780191720277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552689.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The high enthalpy gas flows, associating high velocities, and high temperatures, are the scene of physical and chemical processes such as molecular vibrational excitation, dissociation, ionization, ... More


What is Special Relativity?

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a discussion of Minkowski's geometrization of special relativity (SR). It then discusses Minkowski space-time, what absolute geometry explains, and special relativity. It is ... More


Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Michael Polanyi (1891–1976) was born to a Viennese family living in Hungary. After obtaining a medical degree, he served in the Austro-Hungarian army in World War I, then chose Austrian citizenship ... More


 Karlsruhe: 1919–1920

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In preparation for a scientific career in Germany, Polanyi chose Australian citizenship and was baptized as a Roman Catholic. During his doctoral studies at Karlsruhe, Polanyi completed his thesis on ... More


Molecular Machines: A Materials Science Approach

Giovanni Zocchi

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691173863
eISBN:
9781400890064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173863.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This book presents a dynamic new approach to the physics of enzymes and DNA from the perspective of materials science. Unified around the concept of molecular deformability—how proteins and DNA ... More


Introduction to neutron powder diffraction

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter opens with brief descriptions of neutrons, powders (polycrystalline materials), and diffraction, followed by an account of how the unique properties of neutrons and their interaction ... More


New directions

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter highlights some recent and forthcoming developments that impact on the practice of neutron powder diffraction. New and more powerful neutron sources are now in service or under ... More


ENERGY AND ENTROPY FACTORS IN REACTION VELOCITY

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the role of energy and entropy in chemical reactions. Topics covered include chain reactions, branching chains, catalysis, and the development of chemical kinetics.


First Steps in Random Walks: From Tools to Applications

J. Klafter and I. M. Sokolov

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199234868
eISBN:
9780191775024
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234868.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The name “random walk” for a problem of a displacement of a point in a sequence of independent random steps was coined by Karl Pearson in 1905 in a question posed to readers of “Nature”. The same ... More


Steady-state kinetics

Athel Cornish-Bowden

in Spectrophotometry and Spectrofluorimetry: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199638130
eISBN:
9780191918179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199638130.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

All of chemical kinetics is based on rate equations, but this is especially true of steady-state enzyme kinetics: in other applications a rate equation can be regarded ... More


Stopped-flow spectroscopy

M. T. Wilson and J. Torres

in Spectrophotometry and Spectrofluorimetry: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199638130
eISBN:
9780191918179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199638130.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

There was a time, fortunately some years ago now, when to undertake rapid kinetic measurements using a stopped-flow spectrophotometer verged on the heroic. One needed ... More


Epilogue: A theory of crystallization?

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In molecular crystallisation there are no first-rate laws, very few second-rate laws and many third-rate laws. The first-rate laws of thermodynamics become in such a context third-rate laws because ... More


Modeling Biological Systems

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter is devoted to one of the main applications of artificial chemistries, the modeling of biological systems. The chapter starts at the molecular level, with algorithms that model RNA and ... More


Kinetic and perturbation studies

Dmitri I. Svergun, Michel H. J. Koch, Peter A. Timmins, and Roland P. May

in Small Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering from Solutions of Biological Macromolecules

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199639533
eISBN:
9780191747731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639533.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Following a brief historical introduction, the difference between dynamics and kinetics is explained to clarify that SAS produces kinetic information. Data interpretation methods are based on those ... More


Methods of Crystallization

A. Ducruix and R. Giegé

in Crystallization of Nucleic Acids and Proteins: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199636792
eISBN:
9780191918148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199636792.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

There are many methods to crystallize biological macromolecules (for reviews see refs 1-3), all of which aim at bringing the solution of macromolecules to a ... More


Multi-Fluid Transport/Reaction Models with Application in the Modeling of Weakly Ionized Plasma Dynamics

Antony N. Beris and Brian J. Edwards

in Thermodynamics of Flowing Systems: with Internal Microstructure

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195076943
eISBN:
9780197560341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195076943.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

The industrial use of low-ambient-temperature, weakly ionized plasmas as a reaction environment is growing rapidly. This is primarily evident in the ... More


Diffusion in Biological Systems

W. Mark Saltzman

in Drug Delivery: Engineering Principles for Drug Therapy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085891
eISBN:
9780197560501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085891.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

Drug diffusion is an essential mechanism for drug dispersion throughout biological systems. Diffusion is fundamental to the migration of agents in the body ... More


How Properties Hold Together in Substances

Joseph E.sr. Earley,

in Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190494599
eISBN:
9780197559666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494599.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

A main aim of chemical research is to understand how the characteristic properties of specific chemical substances relate to the composition and to the ... More


Divergence, Diagnostics, and a Dichotomy of Methods

Grant Fisher

in Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190494599
eISBN:
9780197559666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494599.003.0022
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

COMPUTATIONAL MODELING IN ORGANIC chemistry employs multiple methods of approximation and idealization. Coordinating and integrating methods can be ... More


Introduction to Chemical Kinetic Processes

John Ross, Igor Schreiber, and Marcel O. Vlad

in Determination of Complex Reaction Mechanisms: Analysis of Chemical, Biological, and Genetic Networks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195178685
eISBN:
9780197562277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195178685.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

It is useful to have a brief discussion of some kinetic processes that we shall treat in later chapters. Some, but not all, of the material in this chapter is ... More


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