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Implications for Molecular-Kinetic Theory

George E. Smith and Raghav Seth

in Brownian Motion and Molecular Reality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190098025
eISBN:
9780190098056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098025.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The question in this chapter is what evidential bearing Perrin’s extraordinary findings on Brownian motion have on molecular-kinetic theory without having to assume that his measured kinetic energies ... More


Kinetic theory before Boltzmann

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The first atomic theory is credited to Democritus of Abdera, who lived in the 5th century BC. The actual development of the kinetic theory of gases accordingly took place much later, in the 19th ... More


Main theoretical concepts and tools

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the main theoretical approaches and models employed in the physics of granular media, such as the kinetic theory of diluted granular gases, various methods of molecular ... More


What Was Perrin's Real Achievement?

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The story of how Perrin's experimental work established the reality of atoms and molecules has been a staple in (realist) philosophy of science writings (Wesley Salmon, Clark Glymour, Penelope Maddy, ... More


The Historical Background: Molecular Theory as of 1900

George E. Smith and Raghav Seth

in Brownian Motion and Molecular Reality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190098025
eISBN:
9780190098056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098025.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The task of this chapter is to explain the sense in which molecular theory—both molecular-kinetic theory and chemical-molecular theory—were still viewed as hypotheses as of 1900 and why the evidence ... More


The influence of Boltzmann’s ideas on the science and technology of the twentieth century

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The influence of Ludwig Boltzmann's ideas on physics as well as science and technology during the 20th century is obvious, even if it often appears as interpreted in the writings of different ... More


Introduction

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter discusses basic concepts of the kinetic theory of granular gases and mentions some of the exciting phenomena in gas dynamics. Topics covered include kinetic theory for ... More


Models and Mechanisms: Physical Understanding in the Nineteenth Century

Henk W. de Regt

in Understanding Scientific Understanding

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190652913
eISBN:
9780190652944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652913.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter analyzes the role of mechanical modeling in nineteenth-century physics, showing how precisely mechanical models were used to enhance scientific understanding. It discusses the work and ... More


The problem of polyatomic molecules

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Polyatomic molecules created difficulties in kinetic theory from the start, with the problem of thermal capacities or specific heats. If the problem of specific heats was initially solved with the ... More


Theories of Heat: Some Background

Olivier Darrigol

in Atoms, Mechanics, and Probability: Ludwig Boltzmann's Statistico-Mechanical Writings - An Exegesis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198816171
eISBN:
9780191853661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198816171.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, History of Physics

This is a condensed history of thermodynamics and kinetic-molecular theory in Boltzmann’s times and earlier. In the second half of the nineteenth century, there was a widely shared belief in the ... More


Kinetic Theory and Transport Phenomena

Rodrigo Soto

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198716051
eISBN:
9780191824401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716051.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This textbook presents kinetic theory, which is a systematic approach to describing nonequilibrium systems. The text is balanced between the fundamental concepts of kinetic theory (irreversibility, ... More


The Boltzmann equation

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The problem of irreversibility came to the forefront in kinetic theory with Ludwig Boltzmann. In 1872, Boltzmann not only derived the equation that bears his name, but also introduced a definition of ... More


A Kinetic-Theory Description of Fluids

Luciano Rezzolla and Olindo Zanotti

in Relativistic Hydrodynamics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198528906
eISBN:
9780191746505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528906.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter illustrates how the foundations of the fluid description are rooted in statistical mechanics and in kinetic theory. This approach, which is appropriate for those systems composed of a ... More


Dimensional Molecules

in Image and Reality: Kekule, Kopp, and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226723327
eISBN:
9780226723358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723358.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Every perceptive atomist recognizes the truism that atoms exist in a three-dimensional space. This chapter traces the evolution of certain theories from John Dalton to Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff ... More


Chemical Dynamics and Social Dynamics in Berlin and Manchester

Mary Jo Nye

in Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226610634
eISBN:
9780226610658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610658.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the collaborative work between Polanyi and Eyring, which made an enduring contribution in defining and defending the use of the “semi-empirical method” in theoretical ... More


Micro, kinetic and fluid descriptions—Hierarchy of plasma descriptions

Abraham Bers

in Plasma Physics and Fusion Plasma Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199295784
eISBN:
9780191749063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295784.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes the hierarchical development of classical plasma dynamic model equations. In any macroscopic physical system containing many individual particles, there are basically three ... More


The Lattice Boltzmann Equation: For Complex States of Flowing Matter

Sauro Succi

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199592357
eISBN:
9780191847967
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199592357.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Over the past near three decades, the Lattice Boltzmann method has gained a prominent role as an efficient computational method for the numerical simulation of a wide variety of complex states of ... More


Interacting Systems far from Equilibrium: Quantum Kinetic Theory

Klaus Morawetz

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198797241
eISBN:
9780191838743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797241.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In quantum statistics based on many-body Green’s functions, the effective medium is represented by the selfenergy. This book aims to discuss the selfenergy from this point of view. The knowledge of ... More


Relativistic Lattice Boltzmann (RLB)

Sauro Succi

in The Lattice Boltzmann Equation: For Complex States of Flowing Matter

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199592357
eISBN:
9780191847967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199592357.003.0034
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Relativistic hydrodynamics and kinetic theory play an increasing role in many areas of modern physics. Besides their traditional arenas, astrophysics and cosmology, relativistic fluids have recently ... More


Historical Background

Klaus Morawetz

in Interacting Systems far from Equilibrium: Quantum Kinetic Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198797241
eISBN:
9780191838743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797241.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The historical development of kinetic theory is reviewed with respect to the inclusion of virial corrections. Here the theory of dense gases differs from quantum liquids. While the first one leads to ... More


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