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Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Harvey R. Brown

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book explores the nature of the distinction at the heart of Einstein's 1905 formulation of his special theory of relativity: that between kinematics and dynamics. Einstein himself became ... More


t w o The True Estimation of Living Forces Kant's Theory of Dynamics

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the text and contentions of Kant’s first book, Thoughts on the True Estimation of Living Forces (1747). Section 1 describes how Kant’s debut turned into a debacle. Section 2 ... More


The Relativity Principle and the Fable of Albert Keinstein

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Albert Einstein was not the first to use the relativity principle (RP) as a postulate in the treatment of a problem in physics. Christian Huygens had done so over two hundred ... More


PHYSICAL BACKGROUND

Eduard Feireisl

in Dynamics of Viscous Compressible Fluids

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528388
eISBN:
9780191713590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528388.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter is devoted to a review on the underlying physical theory. Besides the basic notions of reference configurations, kinematics, constitutive equations, and balance laws, this part includes ... More


Bird flight modes

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Birds are pilot and aircraft in one. Experiments using kestrels kept as falconry birds and flown under controlled conditions indoors to investigate flight strategies are discussed. The effects of ... More


Zoo of Motor Synergies

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The fifth part of this book overviews a large number of synergies that have been studied. It starts with a review of kinematic synergies during such actions as quiet standing, sit-to-stand action, ... More


The Properties of Space

Ian Hinckfuss

in The Existence of Space and Time

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245193
eISBN:
9780191680854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245193.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines many different properties of space. It specifically presents the electrical, optical, and electromagnetic properties of space; the kinematic and dynamic properties of space; the ... More


Aristotle: The Formal Analysis of Spatial Magnitude and Locomotion

Michael J. White

in The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories from a Contemporary Perspective

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239529
eISBN:
9780191679940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239529.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on Aristotle's formal, structural analysis of spatial magnitude and locomotion. It analyses spatial magnitude and motion in terms of their geometrical or topological properties. ... More


Symmetries of Probability Kinematics

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Laws and Symmetry

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248606
eISBN:
9780191597459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248601.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

While it was argued earlier in the book that no rule‐governed notion of rational opinion change could be adequate, there are certainly patterns of normal opinion change (updating in response to new ... More


Bayesian Coherentism and Warrant

Alvin Plantinga

in Warrant: The Current Debate

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078626
eISBN:
9780199833559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078624.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, I outline the essentials of Bayesianism (also known as Bayesian Coherentism) and ask whether it contributes to a satisfying account of warrant. From the perspective of my overall ... More


Bayesian Coherentism and Rationality

Alvin Plantinga

in Warrant: The Current Debate

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078626
eISBN:
9780199833559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078624.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Rationality, although distinct from warrant, is a notion both interesting in its own right and important for a solid understanding of warrant. In this chapter, I first disambiguate at least five ... More


Kantianism. A-priori and empirical elements of images

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter examines some unmistakably Kantian features of Heinrich Hertz's Principles of Mechanics and argues that Hertz initially took over a widespread Kantian distinction between an a-priori ... More


Vector quantities and their components

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Mechanics is not only about geometric displacements, but also about concepts of kinematics involving time, such as velocity, momentum, and acceleration. In order to deal with such quantities, ... More


Nonlinear Bending of Elastic Plates and Shells

J. N. REDDY

in An Introduction to Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198525295
eISBN:
9780191711671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525295.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Simple two-dimensional plate and shell theories can be developed to study the deformation and stresses in plate structures undergoing small strains, small to moderate rotations, and large ... More


DIS experiments and data

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter begins by covering: kinematics for fixed target and HERA collider experiments; essential features of DIS experiments and detectors; and how DIS events are selected and the raw data ... More


Higher‐Order Degrees of Belief

Brian Skyrms

in From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652808
eISBN:
9780191745829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The first objective of the essay was to separate issues that were sometimes confused, to clarify the subject, and to delineate those kinds of higher-order probabilities that should really be ... More


Dynamic Coherence and Probability Kinematics

Brian Skyrms

in From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652808
eISBN:
9780191745829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This shows how to give a Dutch Book theorem for Richard Jeffrey’s belief change by probability kinematics within the appropriate epistemic model


Kinematics of Rotation

Oliver Johns

in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567264
eISBN:
9780191717987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter deals with techniques needed to define the location and orientation of a moving rigid body. Rigid bodies are characterised and the center of mass of a rigid body is discussed along with ... More


Action Perception from a Common Coding Perspective

Robrecht P. R. D. van der Wel, Natalie Sebanz, and Günther Knoblich

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of the evidence suggesting that action perception depends upon the interplay of perceptual and motor processes and discusses the implications of such ... More


Neural Mechanisms for Biological Motion and Animacy

John A. Pyles and Emily D. Grossman

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews neuroimaging evidence that reveals several unique brain states associated with the recognition of agents engaged in biological motion. A key brain area, the human superior ... More


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