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The Group Selection Controversy

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the notorious issue of group selection in behavioural ecology, one of the mainstays of the traditional levels of selection debate. The history of the group selection controversy ... More


Social selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection is often generated by interaction with other organisms: neighbours, partners, or antagonists. The force and direction of selection in these social contexts is very generally influenced by ... More


Communication in bacteria

Stephen P. Diggle, Stuart A. West, Andy Gardner, and Ashleigh S. Griffin

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The term quorum sensing (QS) is used to describe communication between bacterial cells, whereby a coordinated population response is controlled by diffusible signal molecules. QS has not only been ... More


The Theory of Multilevel Selection

Charles Goodnight

in The Theory of Evolution: Principles, Concepts, and Assumptions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226671024
eISBN:
9780226671338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226671338.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the modeling of multilevel selection (MLS) – and the related concepts of group selection and kin selection – using variance partitioning methods, using the Price equation to ... More


The Evolution of Altruism through Kin Selection

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the evolution of altruism through kin-selection. There is a great deal of evidence that humans and other animals are disposed to behave in accordance with Hamilton’s rule, ... More


Kin Selection

James H. Hunt

in The Evolution of Social Wasps

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195307979
eISBN:
9780199894192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307979.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines inclusive fitness, which is the conceptual paradigm that has dominated the field for the past three decades. This paradigm is shown to be wanting as a framework to understand ... More


What Could Work Better: Cooperation betwen Two Species

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines cooperation between two species and how cooperation among related individuals of one species can also help maintain cooperation between species. It presents some examples of ... More


The initial evolution of warning displays

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter considers the mechanisms by which aposematic signals might evolve and be maintained. Of particular importance are the roles of spatial aggregation and kin selection in the evolution of ... More


Perspectives on human health and disease from evolutionary and behavioral ecology

Beverly I. Strassmann and Ruth Mace

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Patients are phenotypes; thus all medical conditions are a product of genes and the environment. One genotype can produce many phenotypes depending on the environments encountered. Such phenotypic ... More


The Evolution of Sociality

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter contains a discussion of Maynard Smith’s conceptual distinction between kin and group selection. The author discusses the design and experimental study of kin selection for and against ... More


Kinship

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

When do we care for others as we care for ourselves? William Hamilton showed that we should be expected to care for our family members in proportion to our degree of relationship to them. Such ... More


Associative Effects: Competition, Social Interactions, Group and Kin Selection

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The phenotypes of those individuals with which an focal individual interacts often influences the trait value in the focal individual. Maternal effects is a classic example of this phenomena, as is ... More


How Altruistic by Nature?

Dennis L. Krebs

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter I distinguish between two basic forms of altruism, which I call biological and psychological altruism, and explain how dispositions to emit each type evolved in the human species. ... More


Kin Selection and Group Selection

Jonathan Birch

in The Philosophy of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198733058
eISBN:
9780191797491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733058.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In group-structured populations in which some other assumptions are satisfied, kin and group selectionist methods provide formally equivalent conditions for change. However, this only shows an ... More


The Evolution of Cooperation in an Ecological Context: An Agent-Based Model

John W. Pepper and Barbara B. Smuts

in Dynamics in Human and Primate Societies: Agent-Based Modeling of Social and Spatial Processes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131673
eISBN:
9780197561492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131673.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

The social and behavioral sciences have a long-standing interest in the factors that foster selfish (or individualistic) versus altruistic (or cooperative) behavior. Since the 1960s, evolutionary ... More


Programmed Cell Death and the Levels of Selection

Pierre M. Durand

in The Evolutionary Origins of Life and Death

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226747620
eISBN:
9780226747934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226747934.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

At the heart of the debate concerning PCD as an adaptation lies the levels of selection question. PCD can only be selected for if something other than the dying cell is the target of selection. This ... More


Kin selection, pedagogy, and linguistic complexity: whence protolanguage?

Maggie Tallerman

in The Evolutionary Emergence of Language: Evidence and Inference

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654840
eISBN:
9780191759000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654840.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter investigates recent proposals that a kin-selected communication system was adaptive in human evolution, and that in turn, interactions between closely-related individuals, particularly ... More


The power of natural selection

Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

in Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830917
eISBN:
9780191868993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830917.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Adaptations are the products of natural selection—traits that evolved because they proved useful at some level. Often adaptations evolved because they enhanced the survival or reproductive output of ... More


Natural Selection

Daphne J. Fairbairn and Jeff P. Reeve

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The theory that organisms become adapted to their environment through the process of natural selection has become so ingrained in modern biological thought, and more generally in Western culture of ... More


Group Selection and the Origins of Life and Death

Pierre M. Durand

in The Evolutionary Origins of Life and Death

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226747620
eISBN:
9780226747934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226747934.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Group selection theory was, and to some extent still is, one of the most controversial topics in biology. It is interesting that the origins of life and death syntheses invoke group selection in some ... More


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