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Social Costs and Benefits of Transplants

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter makes the medical and financial case for large increases in transplant activity. It reviews studies that examine in detail the social costs and benefits of various transplants, and ... More


Reforms Short of Open Donor Compensation

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews proposed reforms for the organ procurement system that fall short of donor compensation. In general, policies to reduce waiting lists within the existing procurement framework ... More


The Role of Repugnance in the Development of Markets: The Case of the Market for Transplantable Kidneys

Julio Jorge Elias

in Social Economics: Current and Emerging Avenues

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035651
eISBN:
9780262337915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035651.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Economic efficiency is a criterion commonly used in economic analyses to establish an order of preference between different policy alternatives. However, in many societal situations where decisions ... More


Organ Transplant

K. Kannan

in Medicine and the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198082880
eISBN:
9780199082827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082880.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Prolongation of life and improvement of quality of health assumed immense possibilities with organ transplants from live and deceased donors. When a person can be treated as dead in order for organs ... More


Racial Equity in Kidney Transplants

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0055
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines disparities between the health outcomes of white people and minorities in organ transplant allocation. Prior to 2015, kidney transplants went to white patients at a much higher ... More


Neurocognitive Effects of Solid Organ Transplantation

Nataliya Zelikovsky and Debra S. Lefkowitz

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0053
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The first successful organ transplant was a kidney transplant performed between identical twins in 1954. Since that time, major medical advances have been ... More


The Moral Psychology of AI and the Ethical Opt-Out Problem

Jean-François Bonnefon, Azim Shariff, and Iyad Rahwan

in Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190905033
eISBN:
9780190905071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905033.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the limits of normative ethics in new moral domains linked to the development of AI. In these new domains, people have the possibility to opt out of using a machine if they do ... More


Medical disability

M.T. Hosey and R. Welbury

in Paediatric Dentistry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198789277
eISBN:
9780191917103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789277.003.0025
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

There are many general medical conditions that can directly affect the provision of dental care and some where the consequences of dental disease, or even dental ... More


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