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The Mathematical Loop of Estavayer

Keith Lehrer

in Self-Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge, and Autonomy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236658
eISBN:
9780191679322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236658.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the keystone loop at Estavayer can, with an increase of arches, connect and integrate without limit. From the perspective of a given arch, the other arches may seem ... More


Animal architects as ecosystem engineers Animal architects as ecosystem engineers

Mike Hansell

in Animal Architecture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507529
eISBN:
9780191709838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507529.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter deals with the subject of builders at the community level. It assesses whether animal builders are important ecosystem engineers, and whether they support the concept of keystone ... More


Marine Food Webs: Conceptual Development of a Central Research Paradigm

Bruce Menge

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter summarizes the history of recent scientific understanding of food webs, particularly shallow water food webs. The chapter outlines a history of key papers ranging from Elton to the most ... More


Biodiversity and Food-Web Structure of a Galápagos Shallow Rocky-Reef Ecosystem

Rodrigo H. Bustamante, Thomas A. Okey, and Stuart Banks

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes ecology of the Galapagos rocky reef system and the important role of biogeographic position on biodiversity, the El Niño cycle, and the history of resource extraction on the ... More


The Huarango in the Desert Riparian and Agricultural Ecosystem

David Beresford-Jones

in The Lost Woodlands of Ancient Nasca: A Case-study in Ecological and Cultural Collapse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264768
eISBN:
9780191754005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264768.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter considers the subtler role of Prosopis in underpinning a fragile desert ecology. It is perhaps difficult to exaggerate the dominance of this genus within its desert environments, ... More


Introduction

Keith Lehrer

in Art, Self and Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195304985
eISBN:
9780199918164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304985.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, General

The introduction concerns the role of art in human experience. That role is explained in terms of how sensory consciousness of an artwork provides us with an exemplar of experience used to exhibit ... More


Potential effects of a keystone species on the dynamics of sylvatic plague

Chris Ray and Sharon K. Collinge

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Plague is emerging as a threat to humans and wildlife throughout western North America. Sylvatic plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, is maintained within a network of mammal species and ... More


Introduction

Barbara K. Jones

in Wild Capital: Nature’s Economic and Ecological Wealth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781683401049
eISBN:
9781683401728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401049.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

By looking at nature through a social science lens, we can begin to see the natural world as an asset critical to our well-being and from that learn to appreciate its value. This appreciation can ... More


Wading Right In: Discovering the Nature of Wetlands

Catherine Owen Koning and Sharon M. Ashworth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226554211
eISBN:
9780226554495
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226554495.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Targeted towards a general audience, this book explains the science of wetland ecology through the real-world stories of those who wade into the muck. The book is organized by generalized wetland ... More


Interpreting the Internet: Feminist and Queer Counterpublics in Latin America

Elisabeth Jay Friedman

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520284494
eISBN:
9780520960107
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284494.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This book provides the first in-depth exploration of how Latin American feminist and queer activists have interpreted the internet, from its inception in the region through the explosion of social ... More


The role of competition and facilitation in structuring desert communities

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

It has long been considered that abiotic factors are far more important than biotic variables in controlling the structure of desert communities. In recent years, this perception has changed because ... More


Self-Trust, Disagreement, and Reasonable Acceptance

Keith Lehrer

in Art, Self and Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195304985
eISBN:
9780199918164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304985.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, General

The creation of content in exemplarization to interpret art is something that we may autonomously transfer to the world outside of art. Thus, exemplar representation of the artwork raises the issue ... More


No Word

Enrique Salmón

in Wildness: Relations of People and Place

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226444666
eISBN:
9780226444970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226444970.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

There is no word for the concept wild in the Rarámuri language, a culture indigenous to Chihuahua, Mexico, where there is a strong link between cultural diversity and biodiversity and where land ... More


Pond-Meadow-Forest, Repeat: The Beaver’s Tale

Catherine Owen Koning, Sharon M. Ashworth, and Catherine Owen Koning

in Wading Right In: Discovering the Nature of Wetlands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226554211
eISBN:
9780226554495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226554495.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Beavers have numerous adaptations to being active underwater, and their food consumption habits and dam-building activities change the landscape for decades. Beaver dams create ponds with deep water ... More


Almost Extinct: Elegy, Pastoral, and Sounds in and Out of Thoreau

Wai Chee Dimock

in Weak Planet: Literature and Assisted Survival

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226477077
eISBN:
9780226477244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226477077.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter chronicles the hazards and resilience of the planet through two other genres, elegy and pastoral, each bearing witness to prospects of non-survival faced by humans and nonhumans: by ... More


Avian Ecosystem Engineers: Birds That Excavate Cavities

Chris Floyd and Kathy Martin

in Why Birds Matter: Avian Ecological Function and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226382463
eISBN:
9780226382777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226382777.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Woodpeckers are prominent examples of ecosystem engineers because they excavate cavities in woody plant tissue, transforming habitat in ways that create shelter for other cavity-dwelling organisms. ... More


Ecosystem Influences of Fungus-Growing Termites in the Dry Paleotropics

Gregor W. Schuurman

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Macrotermitinae are a sub-family of termites known for their digestive mutualism with a monophyletic group of basidiomycetes or white-rot-fungi (Termitomyces spp.). This fungus-growing strategy has ... More


Species interactions in ecological networks

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores ecological networks and their properties. Ecological networks summarize the many potential interactions between species within a community by representing species as nodes in ... More


Anthropogenic Ecosystems: The Influence of People on Urban Wildlife Populations

Clark E. Adams and Kieran J. Lindsey

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The primary driving force influencing the entire assemblage of urban wildlife is Homo sapiens. In fact, the overwhelming influence people have on the wildlife found in anthropogenic ecosystems argues ... More


Ecological networks

Ernesto Estrada

in The Structure of Complex Networks: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199591756
eISBN:
9780191774959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591756.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter analyses ecological networks, such as food webs, mutualistic webs, and landscape networks. It covers the global topological properties of food webs, in particular scaling relations and ... More


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