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A Preventive Risk-Management Model of Juvenile Justice

Christopher Slobogin and Mark R. Fondacaro

in Juveniles at Risk: A Plea for Preventive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199778355
eISBN:
9780199895151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778355.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter provides a detailed description of what a preventive system of juvenile justice would look like. The chapter also presents case studies that allow comparison between the rehabilitative, ... More


The Procedural Implications of Social Science Research

Christopher Slobogin and Mark R. Fondacaro

in Juveniles at Risk: A Plea for Preventive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199778355
eISBN:
9780199895151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778355.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter presents a framework for reconceptualizing due process in juvenile justice with the ultimate aim of striking an optimal balance between fairness, accuracy, and efficiency in handling ... More


Myths and Realities of Juvenile Justice in Latin America

Mary Beloff and Máximo Langer

in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479826537
eISBN:
9781479838004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides an overview of the history of Latin American juvenile justice systems until today. The evolution of Latin American juvenile justice presents two crucial moments: (1) its ... More


Juvenile Justice in Flux

Christopher Slobogin and Mark R. Fondacaro

in Juveniles at Risk: A Plea for Preventive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199778355
eISBN:
9780199895151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778355.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to explore whether the separate juvenile justice system should continue to exist and, if so, in what form. It proposes a reimagination of ... More


The Role of Race and Ethnicity in Juvenile Justice Processing

Donna M. Bishop

in Our Children, Their Children: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Differences in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226319889
eISBN:
9780226319919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226319919.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Nationally, African Americans and Hispanic youths are arrested in numbers greatly disproportionate to their representation in the general population. Despite decades of research, there is no clear ... More


Reclaiming Our Youth: Policing and Protesting Juvenile Injustice

Sekou M. Franklin

in After the Rebellion: Black Youth, Social Movement Activism, and the Post-Civil Rights Generation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789384
eISBN:
9780814760611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789384.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses post-civil rights activists in the juvenile justice reform movement (JJRM) from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s. It examines how the JJRM's movement infrastructure, along with ... More


Juveniles at Risk: A Plea for Preventive Justice

Christopher Slobogin and Mark R. Fondacaro

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199778355
eISBN:
9780199895151
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778355.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

First established at the end of the 19th century, the juvenile justice system has long been searching for an effective set of guiding principles. Over the last hundred years, through a series of ... More


Tales of Terror from Juvenile Justice and Education

N. Dickon Reppucci, Jessica R. Meyer, and Jessica Owen Kostelnik

in Empowering Settings and Voices for Social Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195380576
eISBN:
9780199864508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380576.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of patterns of juvenile crime and school violence in the United States and then provides brief narrative histories of the development and impact of zero-tolerance ... More


One Theme or Many?: The Search for a Deep Structure in Global Juvenile Justice

Franklin E. Zimring and Máximo Langer

in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479826537
eISBN:
9781479838004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter uses the global portrait of juvenile courts found in the book to address a central and essential question: why is it almost universal in our contemporary world that special policies ... More


Race, Ethnicity, and Juvenile Justice: Is There Bias in Postarrest Decision Making?

Paul E. Tracy

in Our Children, Their Children: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Differences in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226319889
eISBN:
9780226319919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226319919.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter investigates the issue of disproportionate minority confinement (DMC) in the Texas juvenile justice system. Investigations of the extent to which minorities are disproportionately ... More


Introduction: Justice for Kids

Nancy E. Dowd

in Justice for Kids: Keeping Kids Out of the Juvenile Justice System

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814721377
eISBN:
9780814721384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814721377.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This book proposes a novel kind of justice for kids, one that provides them with opportunities to grow and supports their families and communities while keeping them out of the juvenile justice ... More


Disproportionate Minority Confinement/Contact (DMC): The Federal Initiative

Carl E. Pope and Michael J. Leiber

in Our Children, Their Children: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Differences in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226319889
eISBN:
9780226319919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226319919.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Family Law

The traditional explanations for understanding disproportionate minority confinement/contact (DMC) in both the criminal and juvenile justice systems emphasize differential offending and/or selection ... More


Doing Things Differently: Education as a Vehicle for Youth Transformation and Finland as a Model for Juvenile Justice Reform

Peter E. Leone

in A New Juvenile Justice System: Total Reform for a Broken System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479898800
eISBN:
9781479800308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479898800.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter begins with a brief examination of the state of juvenile justice in the United States, including the cost and ineffectiveness of current practices. It then looks at the links between ... More


Juvenile Justice in India

Ved Kumari

in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479826537
eISBN:
9781479838004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides a historical overview of important developments leading to the enactment of the Juvenile Justice Act (JJA) of 2000. It also highlights the salient features of the JJA 2000 and ... More


The Development and Prospect of Juvenile Justice in the People’s Republic of China

Weijian Gao

in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479826537
eISBN:
9781479838004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter documents the recent history of juvenile justice in the People's Republic of China (PRC) and contrasts the Chinese systems with their Western counterparts. It begins by tracing the early ... More


Juvenile Justice in Poland

Barbara Stańdo-Kawecka

in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479826537
eISBN:
9781479838004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides an extensive history of juvenile justice in Poland and traces the apparent impact of the country's transition from socialist satellite that happened in 1989. The juvenile ... More


Delinquency, Due Process, and Mental Health: Presuming Youth Incompetency

David R. Katner

in A New Juvenile Justice System: Total Reform for a Broken System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479898800
eISBN:
9781479800308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479898800.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter details the number of youth who have mental health issues and exposes the inadequacy of current systems to provide them with help. Juveniles with unmet mental health needs are at much ... More


Mental Health Issues among Minority Offenders in the Juvenile Justice System

Elizabeth Cauffman and Thomas Grisso

in Our Children, Their Children: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Differences in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226319889
eISBN:
9780226319919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226319919.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Disproportionate levels of minority confinement combined with high rates of mental health problems among confined youths have created negative images about the role of the juvenile justice system in ... More


Juvenile Crime and How to Reduce It

Christopher Slobogin and Mark R. Fondacaro

in Juveniles at Risk: A Plea for Preventive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199778355
eISBN:
9780199895151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778355.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter reviews current research in relation to three topics: the biopsychosocial differences between juveniles and adults; the risk factors associated with juvenile offending; and the efficacy ... More


Juvenile Justice in Muslim-Majority States

Lena Salaymeh

in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479826537
eISBN:
9781479838004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides overviews of laws relating to the crimes of minors in three distinct, legal-historical moments: in orthodox Islamic jurisprudence as developed in the late antique and medieval ... More


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