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Smarter Ways to Fight Crime

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

By 2001, the federal government was spending more than $5.3 billion each year to help states and cities combat crime, on top of the many billions allocated locally. In many instances, the money was ... More


The Victimization of Women: Law, Policies, and Politics

Michelle L. Meloy and Susan L. Miller

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765102
eISBN:
9780199944187
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765102.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This book presents a balanced and comprehensive summary of the most significant research on the victimizations, violence, and victim politics that disproportionately affect women. The chapters ... More


The Antisocial Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the arguments that claim that human antisocial behavior—notably impulsivity, aggression, and related forms of criminal conduct—have neurobiological roots. While neurobiological ... More


Japanese Law

Hiroshi Oda

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199232185
eISBN:
9780191705335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232185.001.1
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This text contains the latest edition of this book. It covers the basis of the Japanese legal system, the civil code, business related laws, and other laws including criminal law and procedure, and ... More


Victims’ Rights in England and Wales at the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century

Paul Rock

in Understanding Social Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263143
eISBN:
9780191734939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines the way in which the victim of crime, the ‘forgotten party’ of the criminal justice system has started to regain something of the standing of an interested party with recognised ... More


Casuistical Free Exercise Jurisprudence: A Summary and Some Conclusions

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Perceptions of authoritarian injustice or of anarchical laxity are just as harmful to the integrity of the justice system as actual impropriety. Casuistry offers clear, definable ... More


Privilege or Punish: Criminal Justice and the Challenge of Family Ties

Dan Markel, Jennifer M. Collins, and Ethan J. Leib

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380064
eISBN:
9780199855308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380064.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book answers two basic but under-appreciated questions: first, how does the American criminal justice system address a defendant's family status? And, second, how should a defendant's family ... More


When National Politics Met Crime

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Crime first became a major national issue in the 1964 presidential contest between incumbent Democrat Lyndon Johnson and Republican challenger Barry Goldwater. The rising crime rates prompted ... More


The Machinery of Criminal Justice

Stephanos Bibas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195374681
eISBN:
9780199933204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374681.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Two centuries ago the criminal justice system was primarily run by laymen. In court, victims and defendants interacted face to face while lay jurors from the community sat in judgment. Jury trials ... More


The Right to a Fair Trial

Brice Dickson

in The European Convention on Human Rights and the Conflict in Northern Ireland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571383
eISBN:
9780191721854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571383.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Article 6 of the European Convention, which protects the right to a fair hearing, is the most frequently invoked Convention article, not just in the United Kingdom but in Strasbourg too. Not ... More


Juveniles at Risk: A Plea for Preventive Justice

Christopher Slobogin and Mark R. Fondacaro

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199778355
eISBN:
9780199895151
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778355.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

First established at the end of the 19th century, the juvenile justice system has long been searching for an effective set of guiding principles. Over the last hundred years, through a series of ... More


The Administration of Justice

Hiroshi Oda

in Japanese Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199232185
eISBN:
9780191705335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232185.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter focuses on the administration of justice in Japan. It begins with a discussion of the history of Japan's system of courts. It then discusses justice system reform, the court system, lay ... More


The Republican Democratization of Criminal Law and Justice

José Luis Martí

in Legal Republicanism: National and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559169
eISBN:
9780191720956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559169.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter presents a brief characterization of penal republicanism in general and explores the concrete implications of one of the main principles supported by that theory: the principle of ... More


Banishment Reconsidered

Katherine Beckett and Steve Herbert

in Banished: The New Social Control In Urban America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195395174
eISBN:
9780199943319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395174.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter addresses the question of whether a society should banish or not. It explores the possible alternatives to banishment and stresses the need to decrease the economic and social inequality ... More


The Contemporary Disenfranchisement Regime

Jeff Manza and Christopher Uggen

in Locked Out: Felon Disenfranchisement and American Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195149326
eISBN:
9780199943975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149326.003.0022
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter analyzes the sources of rising rates of felon disenfranchisement and outlines some explanations for the growth of American correctional populations. The largest part of this growth is ... More


The Installation of Military Justice in Madrid

JULIUS RUIZ

in Franco's Justice: Repression in Madrid after the Spanish Civil War

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199281831
eISBN:
9780191712999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281831.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the repressive jurisdiction that prosecuted civil war criminal ‘responsibilities’ — the military justice system. It traces the historical reasons why the military could arrogate ... More


Discretion and Its Discontents

Samuel Walker

in Taming the System: The Control of Discretion in Criminal Justice, 1950–1990

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078206
eISBN:
9780199854202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078206.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Two Black men serve as symbols of the bitter politics of crime and justice in contemporary America: Edward Garner and Willie Horton. This chapter presents how the Garner and Horton controversies ... More


Insanity: Murder, Madness, and the Law

Charles Patrick Ewing

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195326130
eISBN:
9780199893591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326130.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The insanity defense is one of the oldest fixtures of the Anglo-American legal tradition. Though it is available to people charged with virtually any crime, and is often employed without controversy, ... More


For a Comprehensive Theory

John Braithwaite and Philip Pettit

in Not Just Deserts: A Republican Theory of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240563
eISBN:
9780191680205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240563.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 1 expressed some initial reservations about how narrow theories of punishment foster an inclination to view punishment as the only appropriate response to crime. This chapter argues that what ... More


The Procedural Implications of Social Science Research

Christopher Slobogin and Mark R. Fondacaro

in Juveniles at Risk: A Plea for Preventive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199778355
eISBN:
9780199895151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778355.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter presents a framework for reconceptualizing due process in juvenile justice with the ultimate aim of striking an optimal balance between fairness, accuracy, and efficiency in handling ... More


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