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Introduction

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Introduction is given to the subject (and structure) of the book: the analysis of Uruguayan and Chilean attempts to resolve the human rights’ violation conflicts inherited from military-state ... More


Judicial Rulemaking and the Institutionalization of European Union Sex Equality Policy

Rachel A. Cichowski

in The Institutionalization of Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199247967
eISBN:
9780191601088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924796X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

An examination is made of the impact of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on the institutional evolution of European Union sex equality policy, following the provision in the Treaty of Rome (Art. ... More


The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Alexandra Barahona De Brito, Carmen Gonzalez Enriquez, and Paloma Aguilar (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240906
eISBN:
9780191598869
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240906.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The book explores how new democracies face an authoritarian past and past human rights violations, and the way in which policies of truth and justice shape the process of democratization. Eighteen ... More


Transformation in Prisoner: What a Difference a Decade Makes

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter expresses a cautious optimism that the focus on parole and prisoner reentry is here to stay and that reentry will serve as the major conceptual framework for organizing criminal justice ... More


Toward Foreign Policy Justice?: A Dream Unfulfilled

Michael L. Clemons

in Dream and Legacy: Dr. Martin Luther King in the Post-Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496811844
eISBN:
9781496811882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496811844.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

Focusing on the war on terrorism from George H.W. Bush to Barack H. Obama, the nation’s tendency to foster policies and practices that contribute to or detract from progress toward the achievement of ... More


The Abolitionist and Retentionist Debate

Zhigang Yu and Charlotte Hu

in The Death Penalty In China: Policy, Practice, and Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170079
eISBN:
9780231540810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170079.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter reviews China’s domestic debate over abolition of the death penalty. Instead of trying to end the death penalty practice immediately, Chinese scholars seemingly reached a consensus that ... More


Rethinking Total Confinement: Translating Social Theory Into Justice Policy

Bruce A. Arrigo, Heather Y. Bersot, and Brian G. Sellers

in The Ethics of Total Confinement: A Critique of Madness, Citizenship, and Social Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195372212
eISBN:
9780199897247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372212.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter explores the relevance of psychological jurisprudence as policy. Specifically, several provisional, though concrete, recommendations for legal reform are presented. These proposals for ... More


Juvenile Justice and Crime Policy in Europe

Frieder Dünkel

in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479826537
eISBN:
9781479838004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479826537.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter evaluates youth justice policies and practice in Europe from a comparative perspective. It focuses on tendencies in youth justice legislation and on the sentencing practice of ... More


Young people and 'risk'

Maggie Blyth, Enver Solomon, and Kerry Baker (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420008
eISBN:
9781447304364
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420008.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Alongside the current media public preoccupation with high-risk offenders, there has been a shift towards a greater focus on risk and public protection in UK criminal justice policy. Much of the ... More


Introduction

Peter Ramsay

in The Insecurity State: Vulnerable Autonomy and the Right to Security in the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199581061
eISBN:
9780191741005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581061.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This introductory chapter presents a summary of the argument of the book; explains the method of immanent critique used to study the law; contrasts this method with that of both orthodox normative ... More


Crime and criminal justice

Mike Hough

in The Conservative Party and social policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424334
eISBN:
9781447303718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424334.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter reviews the key thrust of criminal justice policy over the last 30 years and then turns to ‘read the runes’ to see what sorts of continuity or discontinuity can be expected. In criminal ... More


The Local Governance of Crime: Appeals to Community and Partnerships

Adam Crawford

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298458
eISBN:
9780191685446
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298458.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The book considers recent trends in the local governance of crime. It examines the growing appeal to ‘community’ and ‘partnerships’ in criminal justice policy and the involvement of actual ... More


Economic values and evidence: evaluating criminal justice policy

Kevin Albertson, Katherine Albertson, Chris Fox, and Dan Ellingworth

in Values in criminology and community justice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447300359
eISBN:
9781447311706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300359.003.0018
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Economic theory seeks to determine the most effective use of scarce resources in achieving a given goal. This chapter discusses evaluation of criminal justice interventions with a view to increasing ... More


Beyond Recidivism: New Approaches to Research on Prisoner Reentry and Reintegration

Andrea Leverentz, Elsa Y. Chen, and Johnna Christian (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479862726
eISBN:
9781479877775
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479862726.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Although there are some indicators of a recent deceleration, and even, in some states, reversal, of the recent growth of the US incarcerated populations, the past few decades of “tough-on-crime” ... More


Contrasts and Concepts: Considering the Development of Comparative Criminology

Frances Heidensohn

in The Politics of Crime Control: Essays in Honour of David Downes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199565955
eISBN:
9780191701948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565955.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines David Downes' contribution, through both Contrasts in Tolerance and his earlier paper to comparative criminology, especially in the context of the recent wave of studies. He ... More


The Contestable Nature of ‘Community’

Adam Crawford

in The Local Governance of Crime: Appeals to Community and Partnerships

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298458
eISBN:
9780191685446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298458.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers the nature of ‘community’, to which appeals are made in criminal-justice discourse and policies, and the institutionalization of ‘community’ in actual practices. It examines ... More


Breakdown and Fallout: The Symbolic Politics of the 1994 Crime Bill

Douglas Hartmann

in Midnight Basketball: Race, Sports, and Neoliberal Social Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226374840
eISBN:
9780226375038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226375038.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

Chapter 5 explains the breakdown of the popularity and bipartisan consensus that had originally surrounded midnight basketball in the context of the 1994 crime bill debates. It details the political ... More


Centralizing Policy and Patronage

Peter Margulies

in Law's Detour: Justice Displaced in the Bush Administration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814795590
eISBN:
9780814759608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814795590.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the Bush administration's attempts to displace traditional criteria and processes, such as merit selection, to centralize justice policy. It begins with an overview of ... More


On Strategy and Tactics for Contemporary Reforms

Franklin E. Zimring and David S. Tanenhaus

in Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479816873
eISBN:
9781479863402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479816873.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This concluding chapter argues that the key to reforming juvenile justice policy is in identifying the departments in national and state government where changes need to take place. For instance, ... More


Community Safety Officers and the British Invasion: Community Policing Frontiers

Randy K. Lippert and Kevin Walby

in A Criminology of Policing and Security Frontiers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781529202489
eISBN:
9781529202472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529202489.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines community safety officers (CSOs), transitional agents who are linked to public police, and more broadly considers community policing frontiers. CSOs have been prominent local ... More


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