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Justice as Fairness and the Capability Approach *

Ingrid Robeyns

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reconsiders the differences between Amartya Sen's capability approach and John Rawls's justice as fairness approach. Sen's most important critique on Rawlsian justice concerns the ... More


Feasibility, Normativity, and Institutional Guarantees

John Tomasi

in Free Market Fairness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144467
eISBN:
9781400842391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144467.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers John Rawls' conception of ideal theory, with particular emphasis on the implications of problems of feasibility for normative political philosophy and market democracy's ... More


 On Justification

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with the question of how Rawls's conception of justice as fairness can be externally justified. To justify a conception of justice, Rawls develops a method of considering our ... More


Why Political Liberalism?: On John Rawls's Political Turn

Paul Weithman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393033
eISBN:
9780199894901
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393033.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book offers a fresh, rigorous and compelling interpretation of John Rawls's reasons for taking his so-called “political turn”. The book takes Rawls at his word that justice as fairness was ... More


Philosophers-Citizens

Eric Beerbohm

in In Our Name: The Ethics of Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154619
eISBN:
9781400842384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154619.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter challenges an account of citizenship that treats us as political philosophers or perennial deliberators and instead proposes the model of the philosopher-citizen who exhibits a ... More


High Liberalism

John Tomasi

in Free Market Fairness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144467
eISBN:
9781400842391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144467.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses high liberalism, starting with its conception of equality based on an equal sharing of material goods. Compared to the classical liberal ideal pursued by Americans, the ... More


Veiled Deliberation

Albert Weale

in Modern Social Contract Theory

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198853541
eISBN:
9780191887963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853541.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Rawls’s theory of justice has been the centre-point of modern social contract theory over decades. Given the breadth and extent of Rawls’s work, there are many problems in treating the arguments in ... More


Rawlsian Self-Respect 1

Cynthia A. Stark

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A prominent element of Rawls's legacy is his uniting justice with self-respect. Indeed, Rawls appeals to the good of self-respect to justify several features of “justice as fairness” — the highly ... More


Rawls’s Underestimation of the Importance of Economic Agency and Economic Rights

Jeppe von Platz

in John Rawls: Debating the Major Questions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190859213
eISBN:
9780190859220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859213.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In Rawls’s justice as fairness, the moral powers of democratic citizenship are the capacity for a conception of the good and the sense of justice, and basic rights are those necessary for the ... More


The Unwritten Theory of Justice: Rawlsian Liberalism versus Libertarianism

Barbara H. Fried

in Facing Up to Scarcity: The Logic and Limits of Nonconsequentialist Thought

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198847878
eISBN:
9780191882487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847878.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Rawls’s Theory of Justice has had two parallel lives in political theory. The first—the version Rawls wrote—is a response to utilitarianism’s failure to take seriously the separateness of persons. ... More


The Point of Justice: On the Paradigmatic Incompatibility between Rawlsian “Justice as Fairness” and Luck Egalitarianism

Rainer Forst

in John Rawls: Debating the Major Questions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190859213
eISBN:
9780190859220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859213.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

John Rawls famously claimed that “the accidents of natural endowment and the contingencies of social circumstance” are “arbitrary from a moral point of view.” Luck egalitarians believe that a ... More


Rawls

Mark S. Stein

in Distributive Justice and Disability: Utilitarianism against Egalitarianism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100570
eISBN:
9780300128253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100570.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In dealing with disability, resource egalitarians such as John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and Bruce Ackerman actually switch between resource egalitarianism, welfare egalitarianism, and utilitarianism. ... More


The Role of Ideal Theory

Christie Hartley

in Equal Citizenship and Public Reason: A Feminist Political Liberalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190683023
eISBN:
9780190683061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683023.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses whether political liberalism’s commitment to ideal theory makes it ill-suited for theorizing about justice for socially subordinated groups such as women and racial minorities. ... More


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