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God in the Courtroom: Religion's Role at Trial

Brian Bornstein and Monica Miller

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328677
eISBN:
9780199869954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328677.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The phrase “God in the courtroom” conjures up several images, such as William Jennings Bryan defending religion against the tyranny of evolution, a robed deity passing divine judgment, a witness ... More


Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Brian L. Cutler (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This book provides a contemporary review of empirical and legal issues surrounding expert psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. The chapters address a variety of topics, including the ... More


Afterword

Brian L. Cutler

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.012
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The Afterword summarizes the book's main aims and usefulness. This book has reviewed a substantial number of factors associated with expert psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. It ... More


The Mask of Discontinuity: Hooker in the Reigns of James II and William and Mary

Michael Brydon

in The Evolving Reputation of Richard Hooker: An Examination of Responses, 1600-1714

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199204816
eISBN:
9780191709500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204816.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The use of Hooker to promote the doctrine of passive obedience placed the Church in an impossible dilemma following the accession of James II. His reign discredited the Restoration political ... More


The Machinery of Criminal Justice

Stephanos Bibas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195374681
eISBN:
9780199933204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374681.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Two centuries ago the criminal justice system was primarily run by laymen. In court, victims and defendants interacted face to face while lay jurors from the community sat in judgment. Jury trials ... More


Reviving the Jury: Active Juries, Juror Activism, and Institutional Change

Albert W. Dzur

in Punishment, Participatory Democracy, and the Jury

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199874095
eISBN:
9780199980024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199874095.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

How can the jury—or something like it—increase its standing within criminal justice? The American Bar Association and other organizations concerned about the jury’s decline have urged a “more active ... More


Introduction

Brian H. Bornstein and Monica K. Miller

in God in the Courtroom: Religion's Role at Trial

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328677
eISBN:
9780199869954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328677.003.001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The United States has recently seen a religious resurgence. Americans are attending church in larger numbers than ever before, and mass media and popular entertainment are saturated with religious ... More


Religion and the Jury’s Composition

Brian H. Bornstein and Monica K. Miller

in God in the Courtroom: Religion's Role at Trial

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328677
eISBN:
9780199869954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328677.003.002
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Some attorneys rely on “folklore” or personal hunches when selecting a jury, while others use a more scientific route, taking advice from trial advocacy and jury selection books that provide ... More


Religion in Jury Deliberation

Brian H. Bornstein and Monica K. Miller

in God in the Courtroom: Religion's Role at Trial

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328677
eISBN:
9780199869954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328677.003.005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The research discussed in earlier chapters indicates that religious affiliation and a variety of religious beliefs can affect legal attitudes and behavior, such as juror decision making. It is ... More


Expert Psychology Testimony on Eyewitness Identification: A Matter of Common Sense?

J. Don Read and Sarah L. Desmarais

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

A review of the methods and outcomes of techniques used to assess levels of lay knowledge concerning the impact of various eyewitness factors on eyewitness identification. The results for thirty ... More


The Influence of Eyewitness Expert Testimony on Jurors’ Beliefs and Judgments

Michael R. Leippe and Donna Eisenstadt

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines the influence of eyewitness expert testimony on jurors' beliefs and judgments in trials that include eyewitnesses. Most surveys indicate that prospective jurors overly believe ... More


Stress, Trauma, and Wellbeing in the Legal System

Monica K. Miller and Brian H. Bornstein (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199829996
eISBN:
9780199301492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829996.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Stress and trauma have potential to affect the behavior and performance of victims, litigants, witnesses, judges, jurors, police, and attorneys; this in turn can impact the functioning of the legal ... More


The Jury Under Fire: Myth, Controversy, and Reform

Brian H. Bornstein and Edie Greene

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190201340
eISBN:
9780190201357
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190201340.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The Jury Under Fire: Myth, Controversy, and Reform examines a number of controversial beliefs about juries that have persisted in recent years, as well as the implications of these views for jury ... More


The Psychology of Tort Law

Jennifer K. Robbennolt and Valerie P. Hans

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780814724941
eISBN:
9780814724712
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724941.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Tort law regulates most human activities: from driving a car to using consumer products to providing or receiving medical care. Injuries caused by dog bites, slips and falls, fender benders, bridge ... More


Experiencing Other Minds in the Courtroom

Neal Feigenson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226413730
eISBN:
9780226413877
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226413877.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Enterprising trial lawyers are using photos, videos, animations, and sound files to recreate litigants’ private sensory experiences – their impaired vision or hearing due to accidents or malpractice, ... More


Safeguards

William Douglas Woody and Krista D. Forrest

in Understanding Police Interrogation: Confessions and Consequences

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479860371
eISBN:
9781479828128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479860371.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines safeguards for suspects and defendants who provide false or coerced confessions, opening with laypersons’ typical acceptance of confessions. The authors then review protections ... More


Memory and Jury Deliberation: The Benefits and Costs of Collective Remembering

William Hirst, Alin Coman, and Charles B. Stone

in Memory and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199920754
eISBN:
9780199950133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

Although psychology has intensely studied both eyewitness testimony and jury decision-making, there has only been minimal research on the efforts jury members make during deliberation to collectively ... More


The Difficulty about a Criterion

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the difficulty about a criterion. It first introduces the inapplicability of Carnapian criteria. No familiar criterion of mathematical probability is applicable to the ... More


Mature Enough to Disobey: Jurors, Women, and Radical Enfranchisement in Tocqueville’s Democracy in America

Sonali Chakravarti

in Radical Enfranchisement in the Jury Room and Public Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226654157
eISBN:
9780226654324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226654324.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

Any argument celebrating the distinctive legal and political role American juries play evokes a reference to Tocqueville’s observations during his 1831 trip. While many have pointed to Tocqueville’s ... More


No One but You: Jurors and the Internal Standard of Reasonable Doubt

Sonali Chakravarti

in Radical Enfranchisement in the Jury Room and Public Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226654157
eISBN:
9780226654324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226654324.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

As the standard for the extremely high burden of proof on the state necessary for a guilty verdict, the phrase “beyond a reasonable doubt” is the quintessential legal convention that jurors may have ... More


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