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Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Shane Darcy and Joseph Powderly (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

As the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda enter the final phase of their work, it is an appropriate time to reflect on the significant contribution that these ... More


Interpreting State Constitutions

Robert F. Williams

in The Law of American State Constitutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195343083
eISBN:
9780199866960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343083.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses a wide variety of judicial interpretation techniques that state courts apply to state constitutions. Many of these techniques arise from the unique characteristics of state ... More


Judicial Interpretation at the Ad Hoc Tribunals: Method From Chaos?

Joseph Powderly

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

The absence from the Statutes of the ad hoc Tribunals of a provision explicitly setting down the interpretational methodology to be applied by the bench ensured that the only barrier to judicial ... More


The American Unification

Mitchel de S.-O.-l’E. Lasser

in Judicial Deliberations: A Comparative Analysis of Transparency and Legitimacy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199575169
eISBN:
9780191706714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575169.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

By looking at the decisions of the United States Supreme Court, this chapter argues that what characterises American judicial discourse is precisely the fact it integrates its formalist and its ... More


The Law of American State Constitutions

Robert F. Williams

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195343083
eISBN:
9780199866960
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343083.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This book provides complete coverage of American State Constitutional Law. It contrasts the more familiar federal Constitution and explains the importance of the differences. The book then surveys ... More


The New Judicial Federalism

Robert F. Williams

in The Law of American State Constitutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195343083
eISBN:
9780199866960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343083.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the evolution of the New Judicial Federalism, reflecting the realization that state constitutional rights provisions can provide, or be interpreted to provide, more rights than ... More


Introduction: The International Criminal Tribunals and the Judicial Development of International Criminal Law

Shane Darcy and Joseph Powderly

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This introductory chapter sets the foundations for the ensuing discussion of the role of judicial creativity in the development of core aspects of international criminal law as evidenced in the ... More


Judicial Development of the Law of Defences by the International Criminal Tribunals

Caroline Fournet

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

While necessarily central to the efficacy and legitimacy of international criminal justice, the law relating to the permissible defences is yet to be definitively codified. The Statutes of both the ... More


The French Bifurcation

Mitchel de S.-O.-l’E. Lasser

in Judicial Deliberations: A Comparative Analysis of Transparency and Legitimacy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199575169
eISBN:
9780191706714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575169.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter examines the Cour de cassation in France, which has generally been considered the archetype of civilian judicial theory and practice. Three major American comparative analyses — those ... More


Judicial Activism and the Crime of Genocide

William A Schabas

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the influence of ‘judicial activism’ on the evolution of the crime of genocide. In stark contrast to the development of the definitional boundaries of crimes against humanity, ... More


The Ad Hoc Tribunals and the Law of Command Responsibility: A Quiet Earthquake

Robert Cryer

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter looks at the judicial development of the doctrine of command responsibility before the ad hoc Tribunals. It demonstrates that despite command responsibility having a firm basis as a form ... More


Creating a Definition of Rape in International Law: The Contribution of the International Criminal Tribunals

Niamh Hayes

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the attempts by the judges of the Yugoslavia and Rwanda Tribunals to identify and develop a coherent and workable definition of rape as an international crime. It traces the ... More


General Principles of Law, Judicial Creativity, and the Development of International Criminal Law

Fabián O Raimondo

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the manner in which the ad hoc International Criminal Tribunals have utilized general principles of law in filling substantive and procedural legal gaps. While general ... More


Unintended Consequences and Constitutional Amendments

Adrian Vermeule

in Law and the Limits of Reason

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195383768
eISBN:
9780199855391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383768.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on the choice between two alternative means of effecting constitutional change: formal amendment and common-law judicial interpretation. A standard view in American ... More


The European Union: Discursive Bifurcation Revisited

Mitchel de S.-O.-l’E. Lasser

in Judicial Deliberations: A Comparative Analysis of Transparency and Legitimacy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199575169
eISBN:
9780191706714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575169.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter describes the European Court of Justice (ECJ), the highest court in the judicial system of the European Union. On the one hand, the ECJ generates official judicial decisions that consist ... More


Originalism and the Living American Constitution

Robert W. Bennett

in Constitutional Originalism: A Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801447938
eISBN:
9780801460630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801447938.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the clash between originalism and living constitutionalism. It considers variants of originalism, with particular emphasis on unsolved problems and continuing disagreement. It ... More


Statutes

Robert A. Katzmann

in The Embattled Constitution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814770122
eISBN:
9780814762806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814770122.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines a range of approaches to statutory interpretation. In particular, it explores how Congress actually functions, how Congress signals its meaning, what Congress expects of those ... More


The Right to be Informed of the Nature and Cause of the Charges: A Potentially Formidable Jurisprudential Legacy

Wayne Jordash and John Coughlan

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter highlights the evolution of the ad hoc Tribunals' approach to the specificity of indictments. This is an issue at the very heart of the fairness of international criminal justice and ... More


Judges and Legislators

Geoffrey Marshall

in Constitutional Theory

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198761211
eISBN:
9780191695148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198761211.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the role of the judiciary in the application of law. It discusses different approaches to statutory interpretation in the United States and Britain. It also describes the two ... More


Basic Constitutional Distinctions

William McKay and Charles W. Johnson

in Parliament and Congress: Representation and Scrutiny in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199273621
eISBN:
9780191594281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273621.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, UK Politics

The absolute legislative supremacy of the UK Parliament has—by law made by Parliament itself—been modified in practice by several factors, including EU membership, human rights legislation, and ... More


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