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A Measure of Freedom

Ian Carter

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

When liberal political philosophers talk of equalizing, increasing or maximizing freedom (or liberty), they implicitly assume freedom to be a measurable attribute. Freedom is one of the currencies of ... More


Contextuality in Practical Reason

A. W. Price

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534791
eISBN:
9780191715877
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534791.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book explores the varying ways in which context is relevant to our interpretation and assessment of practical inferences (especially from one intention to another), practical judgements ... More


The Desert of the Best Qualified

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the most obvious way of developing a meritocratic account, one in terms of the idea of desert. According to this approach, the best-qualified candidates should be appointed to ... More


Problems of Rationality

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198237549
eISBN:
9780191601378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237545.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Applies Davidson's Unified Theory of thought, meaning, and action to three families of problems involving various aspects of rationality, some degree of which Davidson's theory of radical ... More


Metaphor and Moral Experience

A. E. Denham

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This book examines the parallels between moral and metaphorical discourse, and the ways in which our engagement with literary art, and metaphorical discourse in particular, informs our moral beliefs. ... More


The Conception of Value

Paul Grice and Judith Baker

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243877
eISBN:
9780191697302
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243877.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The works of Paul Grice collected in this volume present his metaphysical defence of value, and represent a modern attempt to provide a metaphysical foundation for value. Value judgements are viewed ... More


The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Christian Illies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Transcendental arguments have gained a lot of attention over the past twenty years, mainly in the field of theoretical reason. Yet few scholars have looked at their relevance to practical reason. ... More


Afterword

Derek Matravers

in Art and Emotion

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243167
eISBN:
9780191697227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243167.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

The problem of expression has seemed more difficult than it actually is because philosophers have construed it in terms of intentional objects and necessary connections, when really the explanation ... More


Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This collection of essays, written between 1957 and 1977, contains discussions of the moral philosophy of David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Friedrich Nietzsche, and some modern philosophers. It presents ... More


Inferential Role

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The inferential role of I is irreducibly deictic. The inferential roles of singular terms are distinguished by appeal to the different mechanisms required to guarantee co-reference in a ... More


Posidonius: Judgements Not Necessary for Emotion Disowned Judgements, Animals, Music

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Posidonius denied that Chrysippus' judgements were necessary for emotion in the cases mentioned in Chapter 4 of disowned judgements, animals or infants, and response to wordless music. There may more ... More


Geometrical Discovery by Visualizing

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter shows how, using basic beliefs, one can go on to make a geometrical discovery by visual means in a non-empirical manner. It focuses on a simple example in order to illustrate the general ... More


Who Needs Classical Music?: Cultural Choice and Musical Values

Julian Johnson

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195146813
eISBN:
9780199849246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146813.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Philosophy of Music

In the last decades most cultural critics have come to agree that the division between “high” and “low” art is an artificial one, that Beethoven's Ninth and Blue Suede Shoes are equally valuable as ... More


The Virtue of Testimonial Justice

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an initial account of a virtue to counteract the ever-present risk of doing testimonial injustices: the virtue of testimonial justice. The hearer who possesses this virtue ... More


The Critique of Judgement

R. Kevin Hill

in Nietzsche's Critiques

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199285525
eISBN:
9780191700354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285525.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter defends Kant's claim that aesthetic and teleological judgments are both differing types of what he calls reflective judgements. It discusses that Nietzsche's reading of the Critique of ... More


What Is Missing From the Judgemental Analysis?: Brain Research and Limitations on Stoic Cognitive Therapy

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

What is the missing element in the analysis of emotion as value judgement which Posidonius tried to fill with his movements of soul capacities? Perhaps the bodily reactions, only sometimes noticed, ... More


Seneca's Defence: First Movements as Answering Posidonius

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

First movements of the soul for the Stoic materialists include bites, which are small contractions of the physical soul sensed in distress. First movements of the body include pallor, tears, and ... More


Posidonius: Judgements Insufficient for Emotion Exhaustion and Lack of Imagination

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

For Posidonius, the value judgements proposed by Chrysippus are not sufficient for emotion because they can remain intact while emotion fades through exhaustion, and because emotion requires us also ... More


Sociology and Ideology

André Béteille

in Democracy and Its Institutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter explores the relationship between sociology and ideology, drawing on the work of M. N. Srinivas, and argues that sociology and ideology must be kept apart. It considers sociology as ... More


Animals—Property or Persons?

Gary L. Francione

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter argues that the human attitude towards animals can best be described as moral schizophrenia. It explains that this moral schizophrenia is related to the status of animals as property, ... More


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