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The Invisible Hand of Social Capital: An Exploratory Study 1

Nan Lin and Dan Ao

in Social Capital: An International Research Program

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234387
eISBN:
9780191740619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234387.003.0050
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter argues that social capital embedded in social networks that are full of resources benefit from having connections. It first considers some possible alternative explanations for the ... More


Work: More Than a Job

Jeffrey Jensen Arnett

in Emerging Adulthood: The Winding Road from the Late Teens through the Twenties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309379
eISBN:
9780199786688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309379.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines how emerging adults go about searching for satisfying work. The conclusion is that emerging adults are highly diverse both in the ways they search for satisfying work and in ... More


Finding Jobs

Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

in A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195131215
eISBN:
9780199863808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The goal of IPS supported employment is helping people with severe mental illness find competitive jobs that are consistent with their preferences, skills, and experiences. After the employment ... More


Extensions and Implications

Mario Luis Small

in Unanticipated Gains: Origins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384352
eISBN:
9780199869893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384352.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter contrasts the organizational embeddedness perspective to the standard social capital perspective. It argues for a focus not merely on structure and position but also on context, everyday ... More


Flawed System/Flawed Self: Job Searching and Unemployment Experiences

Ofer Sharone

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226073361
eISBN:
9780226073675
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226073675.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

American white-collar job seekers engage in the “chemistry game,” a set of job search practices premised on the idea that getting hired requires more than presenting one’s skills; it requires ... More


Introduction to IPS

Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

in A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195131215
eISBN:
9780199863808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter starts the second section of the book on practice guidelines for implementing supported employment. It provides a brief overview of IPS services. In IPS, employment is viewed as ... More


People Fake Only When They Need to Fake 1

Jill E. Ellingson

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that faking is a behavior that individuals will engage in when they believe it is necessary to obtain something of personal value and when they believe they are capable of doing ... More


The Minimum Wage and Labor Market Outcomes

Christopher J. Flinn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013239
eISBN:
9780262289399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013239.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book argues that in assessing the effects of the minimum wage (in the United States and elsewhere), a behavioral framework is invaluable for guiding empirical work and the interpretation of ... More


On-the-Job Search

Christopher J. Flinn

in The Minimum Wage and Labor Market Outcomes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013239
eISBN:
9780262289399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013239.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The analysis in the book through Chapter 9 considered only the case of unemployed job search. This chapter extends the basic model to include on-the-job (OTJ) search, and discusses partial and ... More


The Specs Game Experience and System-Blame

Ofer Sharone

in Flawed System/Flawed Self: Job Searching and Unemployment Experiences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226073361
eISBN:
9780226073675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226073675.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Self-blame—one of the most painful dimensions of the unemployment experience of American white-collar workers—is virtually non-existent among Israeli white-collar job seekers who attribute their ... More


Migration

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Begins with a discussion of why industrialization is usually accompanied by the concentration of industries in urban areas. It then introduces the Harris–Todaro model, which has been the dominant ... More


The American Chemistry Game

Ofer Sharone

in Flawed System/Flawed Self: Job Searching and Unemployment Experiences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226073361
eISBN:
9780226073675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226073675.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter describes the American white-collar job search process focusing on the role of the career-advice self-help industry. Drawing on a year of participant-observations at a job search support ... More


Conclusion: Job-Search Games and Unemployment Experiences

Ofer Sharone

in Flawed System/Flawed Self: Job Searching and Unemployment Experiences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226073361
eISBN:
9780226073675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226073675.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Unemployment experiences are neither universal nor simple reflections of particular cultural or economic conditions. This book’s cross-national and cross-class comparisons reveal how different ... More


Searching for jobs: qualifications, support for the workless and the good and bad of informal social networks

Tracy Shildrick, Robert MacDonald, Colin Webster, and Kayleigh Garthwaite

in Poverty and insecurity: Life in low-pay, no-pay Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9781847429117
eISBN:
9781447307907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429117.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter explores how motivations to work were put into practice, in searching for jobs. It shows how the local labour market available to informants was instituted through informal social ... More


The Hardest Job You’ll Ever Have

Carrie M. Lane

in A Company of One: Insecurity, Independence, and the New World of White-Collar Unemployment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449642
eISBN:
9780801460791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449642.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

According to the tenets of career management, all work is temporary, and a career is culled together through a variety of positions—short term and long, full time and part time, entrepreneurial and ... More


Time Use and Job Search among the Unemployed and Underemployed

Maria Sagrario Floro and Hitomi Komatsu

in Mainstreaming Unpaid Work: Time-use Data in Developing Policies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199468256
eISBN:
9780199087549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199468256.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is about job search by the unemployed and underemployed. Using data from the 2000–01 South African national TUS, the authors demonstrate the usefulness of time use data in policy ... More


IPS Principles

Robert E. Drake, Gary R. Bond, and Deborah R. Becker

in Individual Placement and Support: An Evidence-Based Approach to Supported Employment

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199734016
eISBN:
9780199949755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734016.003.0015
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter describes the principles of the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model and the research that helped to establish these principles. The principles are as follows: competitive ... More


Does Horizontal Differentiation Make Any Difference?: Heterogeneity of Educational Degrees and Labor Market Entry in Poland

Anna Baranowska

in Making the Transition: Education and Labor Market Entry in Central and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804775908
eISBN:
9780804778954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804775908.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses the influence of level and type of education on the labor market outcomes of graduates in Poland. It focuses on variation of youth labor market outcomes corresponding to ... More


A Company of One

Carrie M. Lane

in A Company of One: Insecurity, Independence, and the New World of White-Collar Unemployment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449642
eISBN:
9780801460791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449642.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter follows Dallas-area job seekers through their layoffs and into the early stages of their job search, examining what appeared to be a surprising lack of anger and anxiety about their new ... More


Young People’s Job Aspirations in Egypt and the Continued Preference for a Government Job

Ghada Barsoum

in The Egyptian Labor Market in an Era of Revolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198737254
eISBN:
9780191800733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737254.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Despite the slowing of government hiring in Egypt, the government remains the employer of choice for new entrants to the labor market, particularly young women. This chapter provides evidence of the ... More


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