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Possible Causes of Rising Income Inequality

Matthew P. Drennan

in Income Inequality: Why It Matters and Why Most Economists Didn't Notice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300209587
eISBN:
9780300216349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209587.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Why has income inequality risen so much? Economic causes and demographic causes are less important than institutional and political causes. Key economic causes are globalization, skill-biased ... More


From Social Protection to Social Investment: European Responses to Globalization, Technological Change, Labour Market Flexibilization, and Migration

Olaf van Vliet, Vincent Bakker, and Lars van Doorn

in Europe's Income, Wealth, Consumption, and Inequality

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780197545706
eISBN:
9780197545737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197545706.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Globalization, technological change, and migration form three major challenges for European welfare states in the 21st century. These challenges are regarded as important sources of inequality on the ... More


Gender Differences in Job Quality

Joanne Lindley

in Unequal Britain at Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198712848
eISBN:
9780191781179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712848.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Public Management

Since 1997 the UK conditional gender pay gap has fallen by around 7 per cent. This is largely due to a closing of the within-occupational gender pay gap, but is also partly due to occupational ... More


High-Skilled Immigration, STEM Employment, and Nonroutine-Biased Technical Change

Nir Jaimovich and Henry E. Siu

in High-Skilled Migration to the United States and Its Economic Consequences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226525525
eISBN:
9780226525662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226525662.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Immigration has constituted an important source of growth in high-skilled employment, innovation, and productivity in the U.S. during the past 35 years. In this chapter, we study the role of this ... More


Forecasting the Impact of Automation on Jobs

Cynthia Estlund

in Automation Anxiety: Why and How to Save Work

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197566107
eISBN:
9780197566138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197566107.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Chapter 2 digs more deeply into the outlook for job destruction and job creation, and adds some theory and data to Chapter 1’s anecdotes about how machines can replace human workers. It reports an ... More


Is This Time Different?

Cynthia Estlund

in Automation Anxiety: Why and How to Save Work

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197566107
eISBN:
9780197566138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197566107.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Chapter 1 introduces the debate over whether “this time is different”—whether contemporary innovations in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and robotics are more likely than past rounds of ... More


Spreading Work and Supporting Incomes

Cynthia Estlund

in Automation Anxiety: Why and How to Save Work

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197566107
eISBN:
9780197566138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197566107.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Chapter 7 focuses chiefly on the project of work spreading—that is, shifting work from those with too much of it toward those with too little of it. The overall aim is to spread the benefits of both ... More


Automation Anxiety: Why and How to Save Work

Cynthia Estlund

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197566107
eISBN:
9780197566138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197566107.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This book confronts the hotly debated prospect of mounting job losses from automation, and the divergent hopes and fears that prospect evokes, and proposes a strategy for mitigating the losses and ... More


The Politics of Hope and Fear in a Future of Less Work

Cynthia Estlund

in Automation Anxiety: Why and How to Save Work

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197566107
eISBN:
9780197566138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197566107.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

The Conclusion turns to the daunting political challenges that already face big redistributive programs like those advanced here, and that will be refracted through the prism of automation. Popular ... More


What’s Law Got to Do with It?: How the Law of Work Affects Automation (and Fissuring)

Cynthia Estlund

in Automation Anxiety: Why and How to Save Work

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197566107
eISBN:
9780197566138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197566107.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Chapter 3 fills in some institutional features of the landscape of work that shape and illuminate managerial decisions about automation: the evolving law of labor and employment and the rise of ... More


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