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The Times They Are A-Changin'

David B. Audretsch

in Entrepreneurial Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183504
eISBN:
9780199783885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183504.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides an introduction and overview. This book aims to make it clear that along with the shift from the managed economy to the entrepreneurial society, must come a reassessment of ... More


Reforming Labor Market Institutions: Unemployment Insurance and Employment Protection

Olivier Blanchard

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the characteristics of both optimal and actual unemployment insurance and employment protection. It then sketches potential paths for reforms in both rich and middle-income ... More


The Great American Job Creation Machine In Comparative Perspective

HAROLD L. WILENSKY

in Rich Democracies: Political Economy, Public Policy, and Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231764
eISBN:
9780520928336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231764.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines job creation in the U.S. and compares it with those of the eighteen other rich democracies. It attempts to explain why some countries created more jobs than other countries and ... More


 Why and How Multinational Corporations Have Altered International Trade

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

One of the less contentious issues surrounding MNCs is their significant and still increasing impact on international trade flows and policy. This trend is the result of increasing reliance by large ... More


The Impact of Recent Macro and Labor Market Policies on Job Creation in Egypt

Hanaa Kheir-El-Din

in The Egyptian Economy: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774161544
eISBN:
9781617970306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774161544.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter analyzes the impact of recent macroeconomic and labor market policies on job creation in Egypt. The government undertook several reform measures to boost economic growth, increase ... More


It Don't Mean a Thing, If It Ain't Got That …

David B. Audretsch

in Entrepreneurial Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183504
eISBN:
9780199783885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183504.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter identifies economic growth and the creation of jobs in a globalized economy as a fundamental priority of public policy. Half a decade into the new century, most developed countries had ... More


The LEHD Infrastructure Files and The Creation of The Quarterly Workforce Indicators

John M. Abowd, Bryce E. Stephens, Lars Vilhuber, Fredrik Andersson, Kevin L. McKinney, Marc Roemer, and Simon Woodcock

in Producer Dynamics: New Evidence from Micro Data

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226172569
eISBN:
9780226172576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226172576.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter reports a detailed documentation of the Longitudinal Employer-Households Dynamics Program (LEHD) data sources and the methods used to construct the Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI). ... More


Expanding Job Opportunities through Clean Energy Investments

Robert Pollin

in Greening the Global Economy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262028233
eISBN:
9780262322867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028233.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter shows how building a clean energy economy will be a positive source of net job creation in all regions of the globe, even after taking account of job losses generated by fossil fuel ... More


Do business start-ups create high-quality jobs for young people?

Renate Ortlieb, Maura Sheehan, and Jaan Masso

in Youth Labor in Transition: Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190864798
eISBN:
9780190864828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864798.003.0020
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

Since the onset of the recent economic crisis, there has been renewed interest among policymakers across Europe in measures to stimulate self-employment and entrepreneurship as an alternative to ... More


High-Growth Young Firms: Contribution to Job, Output, and Productivity Growth

John John Haltiwanger, Ron S. Jarmin, Robert Kulick, and Javier Miranda

in Measuring Entrepreneurial Businesses: Current Knowledge and Challenges

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226454078
eISBN:
9780226454108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226454108.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Research shows job creation by small firms in the U.S. is attributable to start-ups and young firms, but most of these fail or don’t create jobs. A small proportion of young firms grows rapidly and ... More


Clientelism, Cronyism, and Job Creation in Lebanon

Ishac Diwan and Jamal Ibrahim Haidar

in Crony Capitalism in the Middle East: Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198799870
eISBN:
9780191864704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799870.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter investigates how politically connected firms affect job creation in Lebanon. Using firm-level census data, the chapter first establishes that politically connected firms create more jobs ... More


St Lucia: Jobs and Integration of a Small-Island Nation

Andrew S. Downes, Edwin St Catherine, and Ezra Jn Baptiste

in Jobs For Development: Challenges and Solutions in Different Country Settings

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754848
eISBN:
9780191816321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754848.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

St Lucia is a small developing island nation in the Caribbean which historically depended on the banana industry as a major source of output growth, employment, and foreign exchange. When external ... More


Is It Strategic to Attract the Service Activities of Multinational Firms? Some Empirical Evidence

Fabrice Defever

in Foreign Direct Investment and the Multinational Enterprise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026451
eISBN:
9780262269124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026451.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In this chapter, preproduction and postproduction service activities are studied using a set of data of almost 11,000 location choices, collected by consulting group Ernst & Young. Through the ... More


Bush and Beyond: On Solving and not Solving Poverty

Frank Stricker

in Why America Lost the War on Poverty—and How to Win it

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807831113
eISBN:
9781469603575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882290_stricker.15
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the government policy on poverty and unemployment during the administration of George W. Bush. It shows that private markets and a policy that favored the affluent were ... More


The Structure of Employment and Job Creation in Jordan, 2010–2016

Ragui Assaad and Colette Salemi

in The Jordanian Labor Market: Between Fragility and Resilience

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198846079
eISBN:
9780191881275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846079.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this chapter, we analyze the structure of employment and job creation in Jordan over the period from 2010 to 2016. This period coincided with a notable downturn in the economy, which substantially ... More


The Structure and Evolution of Employment in Egypt: 1998–2012

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft

in The Egyptian Labor Market in an Era of Revolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198737254
eISBN:
9780191800733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737254.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter conducts a detailed analysis of the evolution of the employment situation in Egypt over the period from 1998 to 2012, paying special attention to the impact of the economic crisis ... More


Job Creation Abroad and Worker Retention at Home

Sascha O. Becker and Marc-Andreas Muendler

in The Analysis of Firms and Employees: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226042879
eISBN:
9780226042893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226042893.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The employment consequences of multinational enterprises' (MNEs) global expansions receive substantial public interest. Surprisingly, however, data at the job or worker level are rarely available to ... More


The Innovation Imperative

Steven C. Currall, Ed Frauenheim, Sara Jansen Perry, and Emily M. Hunter

in Organized Innovation: A Blueprint for Renewing America’s Prosperity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199330706
eISBN:
9780199364008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199330706.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This chapter begins by shining the spotlight on a single laser engineer—David Balsley—to highlight the increasing importance of innovation to America. Innovation—the creation of new products and ... More


Net Neutrality Is Bad Broadband Regulation

Robert E. Litan and Hal J. Singer

in The Economists' Voice 2.0: The Financial Crisis, Health Care Reform, and More

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160155
eISBN:
9780231504324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160155.003.0028
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In 2010, private-sector job creation was a paltry 100,000 per month. At that pace, it would take over three years to restore just the nearly four million private-sector jobs lost during the first six ... More


The Future of Venture Capital States: Distinct Interventions to Build Markets

Robyn Klingler-Vidra

in The Venture Capital State: The Silicon Valley Model in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501723377
eISBN:
9781501723384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501723377.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter Eight concludes the book by applying the findings to larger political economy debates. The expectation that contextual rationality empowers unique policy choices stands in contrast to the ... More


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