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Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Reuven Firestone

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

While there is no evidence to date that the indigenous inhabitants of Arabia knew of holy war prior to Islam, holy war ideas and behaviors appear already among Muslims during the first generation. ... More


Islam and the Challenge of Civilization

Abdelwahab Meddeb

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251230
eISBN:
9780823252916
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251230.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In his fifth essay since 9/11 on the subject of Islam and violence, the author again makes the urgent case for an Islamic reformation, particularly in Western Europe, home to millions of Muslims, ... More


Islam and Holy War

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the preconceived notions about the various topics and subtopics to be studied and establishes the approach employed. From the conquest of Spain in the early 8th century to the ... More


Body of Victim, Body of Warrior: Refugee Families and the Making of Kashmiri Jihadists

Cabeiri deBergh Robinson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520274204
eISBN:
9780520954540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274204.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This book provides a fascinating look at the creation of contemporary Muslim jihādists. Drawing on a long-term fieldwork in the disputed borderlands between Pakistan and India, the book explains how ... More


Introduction

Asma Afsaruddin

in Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199730933
eISBN:
9780199344949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses the methodological approach of the book and explains how it yields a more innovative and comprehensive examination of the concepts of jihād and martyrdom. The importance of a ... More


The Articulation of Power in Medieval Iberia and the Maghrib

Amira K. Bennison (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265697
eISBN:
9780191771897
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265697.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This volume explores how rulers in medieval Iberia and the Maghrib presented their rule and what strategies they adopted to persuade their subjects of their legitimacy. It focuses on the Naṣrids of ... More


Unity and Commitment: The Preacher as Apologist for the Ideology of Islamic Fundamentalism

Patrick D. Gaffney

in The Prophet's Pulpit: Islamic Preaching in Contemporary Egypt

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520084711
eISBN:
9780520914582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520084711.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses a sermon chosen to exemplify that type of preacher who legitimates his function by assuming the culturally constituted duty of “struggle” or jihād. The sermon was delivered by ... More


Drums, Banners and Baraka: Symbols of Authority during the First Century of Marīnid Rule, 1250–1350*

Amira K. Bennison

in The Articulation of Power in Medieval Iberia and the Maghrib

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265697
eISBN:
9780191771897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265697.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explores how the Marīnid sultans expressed their authority to their subjects, especially those living beyond Fes, their capital city, during their first century of rule. The construction ... More


The Ransom Industry and the Expectation of Refuge on the Western Mediterranean Muslim–Christian Frontier, 1085–1350

Camilo Gómez-Rivas

in The Articulation of Power in Medieval Iberia and the Maghrib

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265697
eISBN:
9780191771897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265697.003.0011
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter argues for establishing a connection between the ransoming of captives and the hosting of refugees as a politically legitimising practice. It considers twelfthcentury military and ... More


Jihād as a Means of Political Legitimation in Thirteenth-Century Sharq al-Andalus

Abigail Krasner Balbale

in The Articulation of Power in Medieval Iberia and the Maghrib

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265697
eISBN:
9780191771897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265697.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In eastern al-Andalus, the end of Almohad authority initiated a period of fierce clashes among Muslim and Christian rivals. Many of these conflicts were presented as holy war, and the eventual loss ... More


Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought

Asma Afsaruddin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199730933
eISBN:
9780199344949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In popular and academic literature, jihād is often assumed to refer to “armed combat,” while martyrdom is understood to be invariably of the military kind. This perspective, derived mainly from legal ... More


Modern and Contemporary Debates on Jihād and Martyrdom II: Privileging History, Context, and Polysemy

Asma Afsaruddin

in Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199730933
eISBN:
9780199344949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In sharp contrast to most of the modern thinkers and activists we focused on in the previous chapter, the scholars and activists discussed in this chapter are distinguished by their inclination to ... More


Conclusion: Analysis of Texts: A Summation

Asma Afsaruddin

in Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199730933
eISBN:
9780199344949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Conclusion weighs the evidence and assess when, how, and why scholars in the classical and medieval periods — exegetes,hadīth specialists and historians — increasingly chose to privilege a ... More


Striving “for,” “in,” and “in the Path of” God: Qur’anic Imperatives in the Middle Meccan–Early Medinan Period

Asma Afsaruddin

in Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199730933
eISBN:
9780199344949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter deals with the Qur’anic concepts of jihād and ṣabr by selectively looking at verses which refer to the non-combative meanings of these terms between the middle Meccan to the early ... More


Fighting in the Path of God: A Religious and Moral Obligation

Asma Afsaruddin

in Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199730933
eISBN:
9780199344949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Two discusses the introduction of fighting (qitāl) in the Qur’ān as an important component of jihād in specific circumstances when believers are under attack by hostile forces, ending the ... More


Jihād and Martyrdom Compared in Early and Later Hadı̄th Literature

Asma Afsaruddin

in Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199730933
eISBN:
9780199344949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Five compares early (from before the late third/ninth century) and late hadīth works and brings to the fore a range of competing interpretations on how best to strive in ... More


Jihād and Martyrdom in Early and Late Treatises on the Merits of Jihād

Asma Afsaruddin

in Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199730933
eISBN:
9780199344949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Six deals extensively with the contents of independent fadā’il al-jihād works, which include the Kitāb al-Jihād of ’Abd Allāh Ibn al-Mubārak (d. 181/797), Kitāb al-jihād by Ibn Abī ’āṣim (d. ... More


Modern and Contemporary Debates on Jihād and Martyrdom I: Political and Militant Perspectives

Asma Afsaruddin

in Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199730933
eISBN:
9780199344949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730933.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Eight discusses how late medieval discourses on jihād in particular have been appropriated and selectively adapted for new political and ideological ends by political ideologues and radical ... More


The Jihād of St. Alban

in Playing the Fool: Subversive Laughter in Troubled Times

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226473154
eISBN:
9780226473178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226473178.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The term “holy war” evokes the distant Middle Ages, whether of the Christian West or of the Muslim East. Today's headlines tell stories of a crusade or of a jihād, inciting readers to supply the ... More


The Social Production of Jihād

Cabeiri deBergh Robinson

in Body of Victim, Body of Warrior: Refugee Families and the Making of Kashmiri Jihadists

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520274204
eISBN:
9780520954540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274204.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This book explores the social production of jihād among refugees who occupy a transnational space in the borderlands between Pakistan and India. Drawing on fieldwork conducted in 1998–2008, it ... More


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