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Hepatitis Viruses: Oysters, Blood Transfusions, and Cancer

Michael B. A. Oldstone

in Viruses, Plagues, and History: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190056780
eISBN:
9780197523292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056780.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter studies the history of hepatitis virus infection. Hepatitis and/or jaundice were recorded in the fourth century BC by Hippocrates and over 1,000 years ago in the ancient Chinese ... More


The gastrointestinal system

Martin E. Atkinson

in Anatomy for Dental Students

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199234462
eISBN:
9780191917455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199234462.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

The mouth and pharynx are the first parts of the digestive system; they are the principal areas of the gastrointestinal system of interest to dental students and practitioners and are fully ... More


Upper Limb—Forearm, Wrist, and Hand

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions When judging rotational alignment of the radius on an anteroposterior radiograph the radial tuberosity should lie in which orientation in relation to the radial styloid? Select the single ... More


Chapter 4

Sri G. Thrumurthy, Tania S. De Silva, Zia M. Moinuddin, and Stuart Enoch

in EMQs for the MRCS Part A

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199645640
eISBN:
9780191918209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199645640.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

chapter 4 Questions 1. Common surgical conditions and the subspecialties: Skin, head, and neck A. Stucco keratosis B. Linear epidermal naevus C. Sebaceous cyst D. Lupus vulgaris E. Dermoid cyst F. ... More


Gastroenterology

Ricky Sinharay

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Clinical Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198812968
eISBN:
9780191917226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812968.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Gastroenterology and hepatology encompass a vast array of organs that have diverse structure and function and are affected by a multitude of disease processes. Diseases of the digestive tract are a ... More


Questions

Sri G. Thrumurthy, Tania Samantha De Silva, Zia Moinuddin, and Stuart Enoch

in SBA MCQs for the MRCS Part A

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199645633
eISBN:
9780191918193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199645633.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Basic sciences: Applied anatomy A 65-year-old presents to his GP with weakness along the right side of his mouth and lower lip. He states that he has difficulty in closing his mouth and is unable ... More


Paediatrics

Luci Etheridge (ed.)

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Clinical Specialties

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198802907
eISBN:
9780191917165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802907.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Children are not merely small adults. To be a good paediatrician requires as much knowledge about health as about disease. The normal patterns of growth and development can be a mystery to many, ... More


Respiratory

Sanjay H. Chotirmall and Helen Liddicoat

in The Pocketbook for PACES

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199574186
eISBN:
9780191917875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199574186.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

The MRCP PACES respiratory station offers an opportunity to demonstrate a slick examination technique that is performed on practically all patients. Respiratory diseases, after cardiovascular and ... More


Abdomen

Behdad Afzali and Rupert P. M. Negus

in The Pocketbook for PACES

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199574186
eISBN:
9780191917875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199574186.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

The abdominal station in MRCP PACES should be a ‘set piece’ that can be approached with confidence. You are likely to encounter patients with chronic stable disease such as chronic liver disease, ... More


Jaundice

Hugo Farne, Edward Norris-Cervetto, and James Warbrick-Smith

in Oxford Cases in Medicine and Surgery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198716228
eISBN:
9780191916809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716228.003.0020
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Surgery

The metabolism of bilirubin in humans is summarized in Figure 14.1 and can be divided into three sequential steps: 1 Production of unconjugated bilirubin. Red blood cells are broken down by ... More


Right upper quadrant pain

Hugo Farne, Edward Norris-Cervetto, and James Warbrick-Smith

in Oxford Cases in Medicine and Surgery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198716228
eISBN:
9780191916809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716228.003.0021
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Surgery

Yes, the likelihood of certain diseases would change considerably. In older patients, certain pathologies are relatively more common, such as pneumonia, cancer (e.g. hepatocellular carcinoma), or ... More


Paper 2

Shreelata Datta and Tahir Mahmood

in SBAs and EMQs for the MRCOG Part 2

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198745594
eISBN:
9780191916892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198745594.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions Single Best Answers You are pre-assessing a 49-year-old woman who is due to undergo a radical hysterectomy for endometrial carcinoma. On discussing the risk of fistulae formation, she ... More


Basic Science of Orthopaedic Trauma

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0018
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions Osteoclasts Osteoblasts Osteocytes Osteoprogenitor cells Calcium hydroxyapatite Collagen type I Tropocollagen Electronegative Electropositive Wolff’s ... More


Oral manifestations of systemic disease

Max Robinson, Keith Hunter, Michael Pemberton, and Philip Sloan

in Soames' & Southam's Oral Pathology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697786
eISBN:
9780191918483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697786.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

This chapter emphasizes the importance of oral disease in the context of systemic disease. Oral disease may be the first sign of an underlying systemic disorder, which should trigger further ... More


Abdomen System

Gautam Mehta and Bilal Iqbal

in Clinical Medicine for the MRCP PACES: Volume 1: Core Clinical Skills

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199542550
eISBN:
9780191917738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199542550.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

1. Jaundice is a marker of severity of liver disease, as well as a consequence of decompensation. Yellow discolouration is not usually seen until the serum bilirubin is >40μmol/L (twice the upper ... More


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