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Assessing Distinctiveness: Measures of Item-Specific and Relational Processing

Daniel J. Burns

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Researchers are not in complete agreement on the matter of defining distinctiveness. Traditional definitions of distinctiveness point to the processing of non-overlapping attributes or features. ... More


Living, Dying, and Remembering: The Encoding Processes Involved in Survival Processing

Daniel J. Burns and Joshua Hart

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The authors argue that the proximate mechanism responsible for the survival processing retention advantage may be differential processing of item-specific and relational processing. Whereas most ... More


Adult Age Differences in Episodic Memory: Item-Specific, Relational, and Distinctive Processing

Rebekah E. Smith

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Younger adults often perform better than older adults do on memory tests. Researchers interested in these age-associated performance differences have at times drawn concepts from the “mainstream” ... More


Conceptual Implicit Memory and the Item-Specific–Relational Distinction

Neil W. Mulligan

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Research on distinctiveness and memory has largely focused on explicit, or recollective, aspects of memory. However, memory also affects behavior in ways unaccompanied by conscious recollection. This ... More


Distinctiveness and Memory: A Comparison of the Social and Cognitive Literatures

Susan Coats and Eliot R. Smith

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with the effects of distinctiveness on explicit memory in social psychology. It draws comparisons between the social and cognitive literatures on the topic of ... More


Resolution of Discrepant Memory Strengths: An Explanation of the Effects of Bizarreness on Memory

James B. Worthen

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Research investigating the relationship between bizarreness and memory began as an attempt to determine the effectiveness of bizarre mental imagery as a mnemonic device. Although some researchers ... More


Cognitive and Social Factors in the Study of Survival Memory

Michael P. Toglia, Aaron D. Leedy, Adam M. Wilde, Catherine M. Baker, and Eileen M. Dacey

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Because semantic and/or elaborative encoding is often theorized to drive the illusory memory effect (DRM), if survival processing is a super-level semantic task as suggested by the survival ... More


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