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Measuring Field Metabolic Rates

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes various techniques for measuring metabolic rates of unrestrained organisms in the field. These include stable isotope techniques, which allow the accurate measurement of the ... More


Migration in Odonata: a case study of Anax junius

Michael L. May and John H. Matthews

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Migration by Odonata may illuminate patterns and evolution of insect migration in general. As aquatic/aerial carnivores dragonflies differ from most migratory insects, and because they are large and ... More


Substitution of species, techniques and symbols at the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in Western Europe

Anne Tresset and Jean-Denis Vigne

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

It is often assumed that the dissemination of the Neolithic way of life, which originated in the Near East, took a more complex turn when arriving in the western part of Europe. This may be partly ... More


Stable Isotopes and Radiocarbon

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the basic principles surrounding the application of stable isotopes in natural ecosystems, which are based on variations in the relative abundance of lighter isotopes from ... More


Analytical Chemical Methods and Instrumentation

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a background on the important role technology has played in the study of chemical biomarkers, and the many advances in the field that have resulted from the development of new ... More


Approaches and Techniques

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The emergence of new techniques, methods, and analytical approaches is hard to predict. Research on avian biology has greatly benefitted from technical advances (for example tracking technology), and ... More


Estimating Belowground Primary Productivity

Geraldine L. Tierney and Timothy J. Fahey

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter updates methodological recommendations for belowground (root) production from previous reviews based on recent research in this rapidly developing field. A brief overview of the ... More


 Coming of Age in the Great War: 1914–1919

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Polanyi served as a medical officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army. As time allowed, he worked on the Nernst Heat Theorem, a novel theory about the adsorption of gases and the paradoxes associated with ... More


Earth’s Middle Ages: What Came after the GOE

Donald Eugene Canfield

in Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145020
eISBN:
9781400849888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter considers the aftermath of the great oxidation event (GOE). It suggests that there was a substantial rise in oxygen defining the GOE, which may, in turn have led to the Lomagundi isotope ... More


Structural Chemistry of Hydrogen

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Even though hydrogen is the ‘simplest’ atom in the Periodic Table, it has a very rich structural chemistry with eight bonding types. This chapter discusses the nature of the hydrogen bond, ... More


LATTICE CONDUCTION

J. M. Ziman

in Electrons and Phonons: The Theory of Transport Phenomena in Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507796
eISBN:
9780191709937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507796.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a discussion of the thermal conduction of insulators. It then discusses the calculation of the Umklapp resistance, the problem of long longitudinal waves, theory of ... More


INTERACTION OF A SPIN WITH THE EXTERNAL WORLD AT LOW TEMPERATURE

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The fundamental aspects of coherence, incoherence, and relaxation, which characterize the interaction of a molecular spin with the external world, are worked out. The effects determined by the ... More


Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various aspects of scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS). It is an extension of the classical tunneling spectroscopy experiment to nanometer-scale or atomic-scale features on ... More


Use of Stable Isotopes in Mercury Research

Holger Hintelmann

in Mercury in the Environment: Pattern and Process

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271630
eISBN:
9780520951396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271630.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The determination of natural variations in mercury isotope ratios is a rapidly emerging area of research, opening new avenues for studying the fate of mercury in the environment. This chapter ... More


Bioarchaeology and Behavior: The People of the Ancient Near East

Megan A. Perry (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813042299
eISBN:
9780813043449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042299.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The volume presents a broad array of bioarchaeological techniques that can illuminate the lives of individuals in the eastern Mediterranean and Near East and the promise of bioarchaeological research ... More


EXOTIC NUCLEI AND RADIOACTIVE BEAMS

R. F. Casten

in Nuclear Structure from a Simple Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507246
eISBN:
9780191709333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507246.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter focuses on a new field of study in nuclear structure: the study of exotic nuclei with radioactive nuclear beams (RNBs). Exotic nuclei refer to beta-unstable nuclei with extreme ratios of ... More


Ice Ih

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Ice Ih is the normal form of ice obtained by freezing water. This chapter describes its basic physical properties (melting point, density, and vapour pressure), together with ways of preparing single ... More


The Village Remains the Same: A Fort Ancient Example

Robert A. Cook

in The Archaeology of Villages in Eastern North America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781683400462
eISBN:
9781683400684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400462.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Villages are one of the most ubiquitous and enduring site forms in the Eastern United States and beyond. In this chapter, I examine the dynamics associated with village formation in the Middle Ohio ... More


Isotopes, Dental Morphology, and Human Provenience at the Maya Site of Yaxuná, Yucatán, Mexico: Mobility, Interaction, and Ethnicity

T. Douglas Price and Travis W. Stanton

Andrea Cucina (ed.)

in Bioarchaeology of Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813056005
eISBN:
9780813053783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056005.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Chapter 4 addresses the issue of human migration and mobility at the Classic period Maya site of Yaxuná, Yucatán, Mexico, located in the Maya northern lowlands, from the combined lens of ... More


Human Migration and Ethnic Expression in the Southeastern Borderland of Mesoamerica: A Bioarchaeological Perspective from Copan, Honduras

Shintaro Suzuki, Vera Tiesler, and T. Douglas Price

in Bioarchaeology of Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813056005
eISBN:
9780813053783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056005.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter discusses human migration and multiethnicity in Copan, a Maya archaeological site in modern Honduras. A broad skeletal sample from the site has been studied through basic osteology, ... More


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