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Reasons and the Good

Roger Crisp

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book answers some of the oldest questions in moral philosophy. Claiming that a fundamental issue in normative ethics is what ultimate reasons for action we might have, it argues that the best ... More


Plotinus on Intellect

Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199281701
eISBN:
9780191713088
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281701.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book focuses on Plotinus' notion of Intellect. Intellect comes second in Plotinus' hierarchical model of reality, after the One, which is an unknowable first cause of everything. Intellect is ... More


A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

John Russell Roberts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

George Berkeley notoriously claimed that his immaterialist metaphysics was not only consistent with common sense, but that it was also integral to its defense. This book argues that understanding the ... More


The Central Points of the Project as a Whole

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 14 summarizes the main points of the book. The reader is reminded that Part I focused on the descriptive concept of happiness. This is not itself an evaluative concept; it is probably a ... More


The Eschatology of Hans Urs von Balthasar: Eschatology as Communion

Nicholas J. Healy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199278367
eISBN:
9780191603419
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278369.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book represents a study of the meaning of "the end" in the writings of Hans Urs von Balthasar, that highlights both the originality and the fruitfulness of his vision of a reciprocal drama ... More


What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Fred Feldman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is a philosophical study of the nature and value of happiness. Part I is devoted to critical discussion of the most important theories about the nature of happiness, understood as some sort ... More


Two Jokes Explained

C. B. Martin

in The Mind in Nature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234103
eISBN:
9780191715570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234103.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a discussion of the private world problem, and argues that with or without sensations, the spectre of the ‘private world’ arises equally, so sensations are not the problem if ... More


The Universe As We Find It

John Heil

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This book offers answers to the following questions. What does reality encompass? Is reality exclusively physical? Or does reality include non‐physical — mental, and perhaps ‘abstract’ — aspects? ... More


Raise the Floor

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

One of the principal goals of antipoverty efforts should be to improve the absolute living standards of the least well-off. This book aims to enhance our understanding of how to do that.


Samuel ibn Tibbon

Robert Eisen

in The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171532
eISBN:
9780199785162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171532.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Despite the many difficulties presented by Ibn Tibbon’s discussion of the Book of Job in Ma’amar Yikkavu ha-Mayim, it is argued that with a close reading, his interpretation of Job can be deciphered. ... More


The Ethics of Pediatric Research

David Wendler

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730087
eISBN:
9780199776689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730087.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Millions of children suffer from diseases and illnesses who do not have adequate treatment. And many other children are harmed by medicines intended to help them. To protect and help these children ... More


New Marx for Old? Marxism, Humanity, and Ecology

Mathew Humphrey

in Preservation Versus the People?: Nature, Humanity, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242672
eISBN:
9780191599514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242674.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The proponents of an ecologically inspired form of Marxism, or a Marx‐inspired form of political ecology, argue that eco‐Marxism transcends the anthropocentric‐ecocentric dichotomy, and this chapter ... More


 True to Oneself: Sartre's Bad Faith and Freedom

Robert C. Solomon

in Dark Feelings, Grim Thoughts: Experience and Reflection in Camus and Sartre

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195181579
eISBN:
9780199786602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195181573.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sartre’s Being and Nothingness is one of the great books in philosophy of the 20th century. One of the most excerpted and most discussed sections of that book is the chapter on “Bad Faith”. Sartre’s ... More


 Mind, Buddha, and the Way

Mario Poceski

in Ordinary Mind as the Way: The Hongzhou School and the Growth of Chan Buddhism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195319965
eISBN:
9780199785445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319965.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter explores key themes in the Hongzhou school's doctrines. It draws attention to attacks on all forms of dogmatism, including reifying concepts of the mind derived from Chinese ... More


Progress for the Poor

Lane Kenworthy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

One of the principal goals of antipoverty efforts should be to improve the absolute living standards of the least well-off. This book aims to enhance our understanding of how to do that, drawing on ... More


Reasons

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the notion of a reason for action. It begins by distinguishing epistemic from practical reasons, and suggests that all practical reasons must be grounded in well-being. It ... More


 What Doctors Must Know about Medical Practice

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows the importance of recognizing the probabilistic nature of medical diagnosis and treatment. It discusses the possibly serious effects of physicians not understanding Bayes theorem, ... More


The Basis of Equality

Thomas Christiano

in The Constitution of Equality: Democratic Authority and Its Limits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198297475
eISBN:
9780191716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297475.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter sketches a foundational defense of the principle of equality of advancement of interests. The argument proceeds by showing that justice is grounded in the dignity of persons. The dignity ... More


Excellence in Being for the Good

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Virtue, comprehensively considered, is intrinsic excellence of persisting moral character, and excellence of moral character must be excellence in being for what is good. This chapter elaborates the ... More


God, Creation, and Revelation

Stephen T. Davis

in Christian Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199284597
eISBN:
9780191603778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284598.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter reviews the attributes of God in Christianity, then introduces the notions of divine greatness and divine sovereignty. It argues that God is sovereign in creation and in revelation, and ... More


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