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Gastrointestinal and genitourinary disorders

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the best models of gastrointestinal disorders to use as a model for understanding placebo mechanisms. Several brain regions are inhibited by a placebo treatment in ... More


Central Control of Gastrointestinal Function

Pamela J. Hornby and Paul R. Wade

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter builds on a basic understanding of the central nervous system (CNS) as coordinator of regional gastrointestinal (GI) tract reflexes. The dorsal vagal complex in the CNS permissively ... More


Gastrointestinal and genitourinary disorders

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198843177
eISBN:
9780191879067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843177.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes some mechanisms in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary disorders, although little is known in this area. Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the best models of ... More


Gastrointestinal and genitourinary disorders

Benedetti Fabrizio

in Placebo Effects: 2nd Edition: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198705086
eISBN:
9780191789151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705086.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the best models of gastrointestinal disorders to understand placebo mechanisms. Several brain regions are inhibited by a placebo treatment in patients suffering ... More


The neurobiology of gut feelings

Qasim Aziz and James K. Ruffle

in The Interoceptive Mind: From Homeostasis to Awareness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198811930
eISBN:
9780191850080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811930.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

“It’s a gut feeling.” Indeed, how and why do we get “gut feelings?” After the brain, the gut is the second most innervated bodily organ, diffusely interconnected with gastrointestinal afferent ... More


Phytocannabinoids and the Gastrointestinal System

Marnie Duncan and Angelo A. Izzo

in Handbook of Cannabis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199662685
eISBN:
9780191787560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662685.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The plant Cannabis, which has been traditionally employed for the treatment of gastrointestinal ailments, contains both psychotropic phytocannabinoids, such as Δ‎9-tetrahydrocannabinol and ... More


Disability, Chronic Pain, and Medically Unexplained Symptoms

David Beaumont

in Positive Medicine: Disrupting the Future of Medical Practice

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780192845184
eISBN:
9780191937453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192845184.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The concept of disability (including the WHO definition). Case example: disability cf ‘challenge’. Chronic pain, chronic fatigue, and spina bifida, Author’s keynote speech to New Zealand Disability ... More


The Rise of Nervous Illness

Edward Shorter

in How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199948086
eISBN:
9780197563304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199948086.003.0006
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

It is much better, people think, for the nerves than the mind to be ill. The nerves are physical structures, and heal in the way that all organs of the body heal naturally. Disorders of the mind ... More


Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Vladan Starcevic, MD, PhD

in Anxiety Disorders in Adults: A Clinical Guide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195369250
eISBN:
9780197562642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195369250.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The main characteristics of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are chronic pathological worry, other manifestations of nonphobic anxiety, and various symptoms of tension. Physical symptoms of ... More


Malevolent arsenic

John Emsley

in The Elements of Murder: A History of Poison

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192805997
eISBN:
9780191916410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192805997.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

We can never know who committed the first murder with arsenic or even who discovered the deadly nature of arsenical compounds. Although the natural arsenic minerals orpiment and realgar are ... More


Nerves Redux

Edward Shorter

in How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199948086
eISBN:
9780197563304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199948086.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

We might have thought that the concept of nerves ended in 1957 when the United States Post Office Department initiated a fraud proceeding against John Winters of New York City, who had been ... More


How to Overcome Fibromyalgia

Daniel J. Wallace and Janice Brock Wallace

in All About Fibromyalgia: A Guide for Patients and their Families

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195147537
eISBN:
9780197561843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195147537.003.0030
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Rheumatology

When our patients are diagnosed with fibromyalgia, their initial reaction generally is “What?” At this point, we provide them with literature from fibromyalgia support groups and the Arthritis ... More


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