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The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Paul Russell

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although it is widely recognized that David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature (1739‐40) belongs among the greatest works of philosophy, there is little agreement about the correct way to interpret ... More


Virtue, Liberty, and the ‘Country Interest’

Bob Harris

in Politics and the Nation: Britain in the Mid-Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246939
eISBN:
9780191714566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246939.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter explores the ideological construction and content of the politics of virtue in England and Wales in the mid-18th century. This politics was known at the time as the country interest or ... More


Hume's Moral Atheism

Thomas Holden

in Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579945
eISBN:
9780191722776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579945.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter defines and introduces the conceptual category of ‘moral atheism’ — i.e. the denial of the existence of a deity with moral attributes — and distinguishes between two main versions of the ... More


Conclusion

Thomas Holden

in Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579945
eISBN:
9780191722776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579945.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This concluding chapter summarizes Hume's overall case for divine amorality and assesses the significance of his commitment to moral atheism, both for our wider understanding of his theoretical and ... More


The Myth of “Castration” and the Riddle's Solution

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter aims to provide a summary account of the nature and significance of the irreligious interpretation of the Treatise. The solution to the riddle of the Treatise begins with a critique of ... More


Was Hume an “Atheist”?

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers to what extent the irreligious interpretation of the Treatise supports the charge of “atheism” and how this relates to Hume's philosophical commitments in his later writings in ... More


‘Aikenhead the Atheist’: The Context and Consequences of Articulate Irreligion in the Late Seventeenth Century  

Michael Hunter

in Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227366
eISBN:
9780191678684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227366.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, History of Religion

This chapter examines an actual case of articulate irreligion that ended up in the courts. Aikenhead was a student who derived some of his ideas from books to which he had access, which included the ... More


Gibbon and the 'Watchmen of the Holy City': The Historian and his Reputation, 1776-1815

David Womersley

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198187332
eISBN:
9780191718861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187332.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

The publication of the first volume of The Decline and Fall in 1776 immediately embroiled Gibbon in a dispute concerning his supposed irreligion. This book follows the implications and ramifications ... More


Pride, Fortune, and the Godless Man

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

An adequate theory of moral responsibility must describe to what extent the virtuous can legitimately and reasonably expect some measure of happiness as their due reward (in this life or the next). ... More


Revision and Religion

DAVID WOMERSLEY

in Gibbon and the 'Watchmen of the Holy City': The Historian and his Reputation, 1776-1815

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198187332
eISBN:
9780191718861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187332.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Gibbon revised the text of the two final chapters of the first volume of The Decline and Fall, which had chiefly aroused the indignation of the clerical establishment on two occasions: for the second ... More


Miracle or “Miracle”?

Raymond Jonas

in The Tragic Tale of Claire Ferchaud and the Great War

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242975
eISBN:
9780520938281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242975.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the opening of war in 1914. It particularly focuses on the experience of France as it was threatened by the invasion of Germany. With the German troops rapidly reaching the ... More


The Supernatural, Science and ‘Atheism’

Michael Hunter

in The Decline of Magic: Britain in the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300243581
eISBN:
9780300249460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300243581.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This introductory chapter explores the Scientific Revolution and its relationship with the supernatural, as well as the significance of atheism. It identifies two developments in the Scientific ... More


Risk

Marta Trzebiatowska and Steve Bruce

in Why are Women more Religious than Men?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199608102
eISBN:
9780191744730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608102.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Religious Studies

This chapter presents and critically evaluates the explanations for women's greater religiosity offered by scholars who see female religiosity as simply one symptom of a general greater aversion to ... More


What Is Religious Freedom Supposed to Free?

Webb Keane

in Politics of Religious Freedom

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226248479
eISBN:
9780226248646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226248646.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This essay contrasts religion as belief with religion as morality. The former understands religion as propositional, while the latter is a matter of divinely sanctioned sensibilities. Keane ... More


A Conspiracy Theorist’s Theory

Jedidiah Morse

in Early Evangelicalism: A Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199916955
eISBN:
9780190258368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916955.003.0063
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter presents excerpts from Jedidiah Morse's A Sermon, Delivered at the New North Church in Boston…May 9th, 1798, Being the Day Recommended by John Adams, President of the United States of ... More


Recognizing the Non-religious: Reimagining the Secular

Lois Lee

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198736844
eISBN:
9780191800436
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736844.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

In recent years, the extent to which contemporary societies are secular has come under scrutiny. At the same time, many countries have increasingly large non-affiliate, ‘subjectively secular’ ... More


The Nonreligious: Understanding Secular People and Societies

Phil Zuckerman, Luke W. Galen, and Frank L. Pasquale

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199924950
eISBN:
9780199393350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924950.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

There are now more nonreligious people than ever before. The number of secular men and women has dramatically increased over the past several decades in Europe, the United States, Japan, and ... More


‘Priests of all Religions are the same’: Dryden and the Politics of Irreligion

Philip Connell

in Secular Chains: Poetry and the Politics of Religion from Milton to Pope

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199269587
eISBN:
9780191820496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269587.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter begins with some consideration of the libertine anti-clericalism of court wits such as Rochester, but its principal points of focus are the career of John Dryden in the 1670s and 1680s, ... More


Belonging—Denominations and Faiths

Clive D. Field

in Secularization in the Long 1960s: Numerating Religion in Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198799474
eISBN:
9780191839740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198799474.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The size of individual denominations and faiths is documented, from their own returns of ‘membership’ or constituency, occasionally supplemented by external estimates. There were per capita falls in ... More


Introduction

Phil Zuckerman, Luke W. Galen, and Frank L. Pasquale

in The Nonreligious: Understanding Secular People and Societies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199924950
eISBN:
9780199393350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924950.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

More and more Americans are dropping out of religion; between 20 and 30 percent of Americans now claim to have no religious affiliation. Rates of atheism and agnosticism are at all-time highs. This ... More


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