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Rules and Schemasin the Development and Use of the English Past Tense

DAN I. SLOBIN

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

English verbal morphology is rather restricted, compared to that of a full-fledged inflectional language, since it offers only four inflectional morphemes: the 3s present, the past tense, the past ... More


Defectiveness as Stem Suppletion in French and Spanish Verbs1

Gilles Boyé and Patricia Cabredo Hofherr

in Defective Paradigms: Missing Forms and What They Tell Us

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264607
eISBN:
9780191734366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264607.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines some particular types of defectiveness in French and Spanish verbs. In the cases considered herein, the gaps in the paradigm exhibit the same zones of stem suppletion patterns ... More


Morphological Classes as Natural Categories

CAROL LYNN MODER

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

One particular class of irregular verbs in English, exemplified by string/strung, shows some productivity, offering an opportunity to understand further the factors that govern productivity. This ... More


Variable past tense forms II: Irregular weak verbs

Lieselotte Anderwald

in Language Between Description and Prescription: Verbs and Verb Categories in Nineteenth-Century Grammars of English

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190270674
eISBN:
9780190270698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270674.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 4 deals with variable weak verb paradigms in the nineteenth century that overall became more regular. The first group of verbs around DREAM with vowel change (dreamt~dreamed or knelt~kneeled) ... More


Verb inflection

Laurie Bauer, Rochelle Lieber, and Ingo Plag

in The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198747062
eISBN:
9780191809323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747062.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, English Language

This chapter describes the morphosyntactic categories of the verb in English, drawing on evidence from different subdisciplines of linguistics. It starts out with the morphological differences ... More


Variable past tense forms I: Strong verbs old and new

Lieselotte Anderwald

in Language Between Description and Prescription: Verbs and Verb Categories in Nineteenth-Century Grammars of English

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190270674
eISBN:
9780190270698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270674.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 3 deals with variable strong verb paradigms in the nineteenth century. The first group of verbs investigated here were variable with other strong forms, in particular verbs in the SING class ... More


Formalizing inflection

Ray Jackendoff and Jenny Audring

in The Texture of the Lexicon: Relational Morphology and the Parallel Architecture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827900
eISBN:
9780191866616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827900.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter addresses the differences between derivational and inflectional morphology and how they are to be reflected in the Relational Morphology formalism. The formalization of inflectional ... More


Morphosyntax

Sandra Clarke and Andrew Erskine

in Newfoundland and Labrador English

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748626168
eISBN:
9780748671519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626168.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Vernacular Newfoundland English displays many grammatical features that do not occur in contemporary standard English. Most have been inherited from the regional speech of southwest England and ... More


Morphomes in Sardinian verb inflection ⋆

Michele Loporcaro

in The Boundaries of Pure Morphology: Diachronic and Synchronic Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199678860
eISBN:
9780191758089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678860.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Based on first-hand fieldwork data on four Sardinian dialects, this chapter investigates the paradigmatic organization of irregularity in Sardinian verb inflection and its relevance for morphological ... More


Verbs: Breearyn

in Practical Manx

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781846311314
eISBN:
9781781380680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315596.010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter explains Manx verbs. Affirmative sentences use the independent form of the verb. Negative and interrogative sentences, and constructions with dy, nagh, use the dependent form. The ... More


The Dental Preterites in the History of English

Aditi Lahiri

in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262083799
eISBN:
9780262274890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0021
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter examines a case of a morphological split in the English dental preterite involving the past tense in Middle English. The split appears to complicate the grammar, but the chapter argues ... More


Phrasal verbs: Breearyn yl-ocklagh

in Practical Manx

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781846311314
eISBN:
9781781380680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315596.011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The handful of Manx irregular verbs forms a great number of phrasal verbs. Often these correspond to a one-word verb in English. This chapter presents some of the most common phrasal verbs. These ... More


The Boundaries of Pure Morphology: Diachronic and Synchronic Perspectives

Silvio Cruschina, Martin Maiden, and John Charles Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199678860
eISBN:
9780191758089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678860.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book considers whether in some languages there are phenomena which are unique to morphology, determined neither by phonology or syntax. Central to these phenomena is the notion of the ... More


Highly Irregular: Why Tough, Through, and Dough Don't Rhyme—And Other Oddities of the English Language

Arika Okrent

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197539408
eISBN:
9780197616017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197539408.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This book presents an illustrated history of English as told through all the things that are weird about it. Maybe you have been speaking English all your life, or maybe you learned it later on. But ... More


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