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Bioethics: A systematic approach

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

BIOETHICS: A Systematic Approach is an extensive revision of Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals. The subtitle has changed in order to emphasize that what distinguishes the authors’ ... More


Why Think?: Evolution and the Rational Mind

Ronald de Sousa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189858
eISBN:
9780199868377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189858.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In a world where natural selection has shaped adaptations of astonishing ingenuity, what is the scope and unique power of rational thinking? This book looks at the twin set of issues surrounding the ... More


Cinema, Philosophy, Bergman: On Film as Philosophy

Paisley Livingston

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570171
eISBN:
9780191721540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570171.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, General

The first part of this book critically assesses some of the bold claims that have been made about films' contributions to philosophy and defends a balanced perspective on the topic. It argues that in ... More


Introduction

W. Kip Viscusi

in Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter introduces the linkage between economic behaviour and risk regulation policies. Analysis of individual behaviour often reveals the nature of private market failures and provides guidance ... More


Toward a Rational Basis for Regulation

W. Kip Viscusi

in Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Various forms of irrationality often provide the rationale for intervention to address market failures. However, in a democratic society, these forms of irrationality often provide the impetus for ... More


Problems of Rationality

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198237549
eISBN:
9780191601378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237545.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Applies Davidson's Unified Theory of thought, meaning, and action to three families of problems involving various aspects of rationality, some degree of which Davidson's theory of radical ... More


Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Edward Stein

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Are humans rational? Various experiments performed over the last several decades have been interpreted as showing that humans are irrational: we make significant and consistent errors in logical ... More


Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality

Sarah Stroud and Christine Tappolet (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257362
eISBN:
9780191601842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257361.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Among the many practical failures that threaten us, weakness of will or akrasia is often considered to be a paradigm of irrationality. The eleven new essays in this collection give a rich overview of ... More


The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Alfred R. Mele and Piers Rawling (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195145397
eISBN:
9780199752393
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145399.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume is divided into two main parts. The first examines the nature of rationality broadly understood, which is customarily divided into the theoretical and the practical. Whereas theoretical ... More


Conclusion

Michael Suk-Young Chwe

in Rational Ritual: Culture, Coordination, and Common Knowledge

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158280
eISBN:
9781400846436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158280.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This concluding chapter summarizes key themes. The book has attempted to show that the distinction between rationality and irrationality in the Western tradition cannot be easily maintained. It ... More


 Introduction

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a preview of the rest of the book, concentrating on the concept of morality. It distinguishes between a moral system and a moral theory, and gives a preliminary account of ... More


 Morality

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between morality, the informal public system that people use when making moral decisions, and a moral theory, which provides an explanation and justification of morality. ... More


Irrationality and Self-Transcendance

Marcia Cavell

in Becoming a Subject: Reflections in Philosophy and Psychoanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287086
eISBN:
9780191603921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287082.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the thoughts of Davidson and Freud about irrationality. It then examines the problem of self-transcendence, where a person forms a positive or negative judgment of some of his ... More


The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Solomon Schimmel

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a passionate yet analytical critique of and polemic against Jewish, Christian, and Muslim scriptural fundamentalists. It examines the ways in which otherwise intelligent and bright Jews, ... More


 On Civility and Barbarity

Timothy Fitzgerald

in Discourse on Civility and Barbarity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195300093
eISBN:
9780199868636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300093.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter argues that throughout the vicissitudes of discourses on Religion and religions, there has always been a significant overlap with a parallel discourse on civility and barbarity. By ... More


Seeing the Sacred

Gordon Graham

in The Re-enchantment of the World: Art versus Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199265961
eISBN:
9780191708756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265961.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter traces the rise of the ‘science of religion’ and traces its impact on painting and the visual arts. It focuses on the surrealist movement and argues that its attempt to depict a ... More


Plato on Rationality and Happiness

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines the relation between rationality and happiness in Plato's thought. In some early dialogues a correct conception of what happiness is, is sufficient to achieve it; hence all ... More


The Behavioral Consequences of Irrational Beliefs

Aurora Szentagotai and Jason Jones

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the relation between rational/irrational thinking and behavior. It reviews studies assessing the irrational beliefs-dysfunctional/maladaptive behavior relationship, and focused ... More


Introduction

Chrisoula Andreou and Mark D. White

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0000
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter considers some promising characterizations of procrastination and raises a variety of complications concerning this philosophically interesting but underexplored phenomenon. ... More


Bad Timing

Jon Elster

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, procrastination is viewed as a species of a more general phenomenon, bad timing, which also includes premature decisions. The badness of bad timing is defined in terms of ... More


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