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The Assessment of Rational and Irrational Beliefs

Bianca Macavei and James McMahon

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter discusses a variety of conceptual and methodological issues regarding the assessment of rational and irrational beliefs. It reviews two major ways of identifying and assessing irrational ... More


Rational and Irrational Beliefs: A Historical and Conceptual Perspective

Albert Ellis, Daniel David, and Steven Jay Lynn

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter traces the historical evolution of the constructs of rational and irrational beliefs and provides an overview of the empirical support and practical implications of contemporary models ... More


Irrational and Rational Beliefs and Physical Health

Julie B. Schnur, Guy H. Montgomery, and Daniel David

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter proposes a theoretical model that could potentially increase our understanding of the effects of irrational beliefs on health outcomes. It has been written that REBT “is perhaps the only ... More


Social and Cultural Aspects of Rational and Irrational Beliefs: A Brief Reconceptualization

Daniel David and Raymond DiGiuseppe

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter reconceptualizes the way we typically think about the role that culture and environment play in shaping rational and irrational beliefs. It presents three main arguments. First, a ... More


Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Implications for Mechanisms of Change and Practice in Psychotherapy

Daniel David, Arthur Freeman, and Raymond DiGiuseppe

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter explores the role of irrational beliefs in stressful and nonstressful situations in health promoting behaviors, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and psychotherapy in general. It argues that ... More


Rational and Irrational Beliefs in Human Feelings and Psychophysiology

Daniel David and Duncan Cramer

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

People can be analyzed with respect to at least four interrelated levels: (1) biological structure (i.e., anatomy and physiology), (2) behavioral output, (3) cognitive processes, and (4) subjective ... More


Rational and Irrational Beliefs and Psychopathology

Christopher M. Browne, E. Thomas Dowd, and Arthur Freeman

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter reviews research on the association between irrational beliefs (IBs) and general psychiatric symptoms including depression, anxiety, assertiveness problems, and Type A coronary-prone ... More


 Muslim Koranic Fundamentalism

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the Islamic belief that the Koran (Qur'an) was authored by Allah and revealed to Muhammad via the angel Gabriel, and dissects the alleged ‘proofs’ for Koranic divinity. The ... More


Rational and Irrational Beliefs in Primary Prevention and Mental Health

Donald A. Caserta, E. Thomas Dowd, Daniel David, and Albert Ellis

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter reviews research on the relationship between rational beliefs (RBs) and indicators of emotional wellness, the predictive utility of RBs when identifying healthier adaptive functioning in ... More


Mindfulness and Irrational Beliefs

David I. Mellinger

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter discusses metacognitions from the vantage points of Buddhist psychology and cognitive behavior theory, and also metacognitive therapy strategies based on CBT and mindfulness practice are ... More


A Summary and a New Research Agenda for Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy

Daniel David and Steven Jay Lynn

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This final chapter provides an integrative summary of what is known and what is not known regarding irrational and rational beliefs. It proffers suggestions and recommendations for future research, ... More


Irrational Beliefs Stemming from Judgment Errors: Cognitive Limitations, Biases, and Experiential Learning

John Ruscio

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter discusses the ways that judgment errors can lead to suboptimal decisions, and describes ways to prevent this from happening. Among these are scrutinizing similarity-based arguments, ... More


The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Philip Gerrans

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book offers a novel explanation of delusion. Over the last two decades, philosophers and cognitive scientists have investigated explanations of delusion that interweave philosophical questions ... More


Evolved to Be Irrational?: Evolutionary and Cognitive Foundations of Pseudosciences

Stefaan Blancke and Johan De Smedt

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines how an evolutionary and cognitive perspective might shed light on the pervasiveness and popularity of irrational beliefs that make up pseudosciences. It first sets up the ... More


Imagination Incorporated

Philip Gerrans

in The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines delusions as default thoughts produced by a simulation system that evolved to enable stimulus-independent thought, and argues that such default thoughts are essentially ... More


Introduction: Science Denial Comes of Age

Sara E. Gorman and Jack M. Gorman

in Denying to the Grave: Why We Ignore the Science That Will Save Us, Revised and Updated Edition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197547458
eISBN:
9780197547489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547458.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

In 2014, a deadly epidemic of Ebola hemorrhagic fever ravaged three countries in West Africa. While the disease barely hit the United States, it caused widespread panic that sometimes threatened the ... More


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