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Rawls and Utilitarianism *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

After reviewing John Rawls's arguments against utilitarianism in A Theory of Justice and then examining Michael Sandel's and Robert Nozick's criticisms of those arguments, Scheffler points to three ... More


The Beginning of Life

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter deals with the beginning of life by probing in greater detail the ethics of sexual and asexual procreation in the light of certain reproductive technologies that transgress the boundaries ... More


Organ Donation and Cosmetic Enhancement

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter deals with the sanctity and integrity of the human body after death. Anatomical dissection and postmortem examinations are a routine part of medical education and diagnostic techniques ... More


The Concept of Fundamental Legal Rights

Lorenzo Zucca

in Constitutional Dilemmas: Conflicts of Fundamental Legal Rights in Europe and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552184
eISBN:
9780191709630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552184.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter proposes a stipulative definition of fundamental legal rights that attempts to single out the most important features of those rights, which are discussed under four headings: the point, ... More


Nonconsequentialism

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Nonconsequentialism is a type of normative ethical theory that denies that the rightness or wrongness of our conduct is determined solely by the goodness or badness of the consequences of our acts or ... More


Inviolability

Stuart Clark

in Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208082
eISBN:
9780191677915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208082.003.0038
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

The defence of inviolability from witchcraft is revealing of contemporary conceptions of the magistrate's authority. Immediately noticeable is the extent to which writers resort in this context too ... More


Marvellous Monarchy

Stuart Clark

in Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208082
eISBN:
9780191677915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208082.003.0041
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

At the height of its popularity, mystical politics was the vehicle for assertions about authority which had an especial kinship with those made by witchcraft authors. These ideological claims served ... More


The Law and Ethics of Medicine: Essays on the Inviolability of Human Life

John Keown

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589555
eISBN:
9780191741036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589555.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The book explains the principle of the sanctity or inviolability of human life and its continuing relevance to English law governing aspects of medical practice at the beginning and end of life. It ... More


Defending the Means Principle

Victor Tadros

in The Ends of Harm: The Moral Foundations of Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199554423
eISBN:
9780191731341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554423.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

One central objection to general deterrence as a justification of punishment is that it is wrong to harm offenders as a means to the greater good. This requires us to evaluate the principle that it ... More


The “Sanctity of Life,” “Best Interests,” and “Autonomy”: An Overview

John Keown

in The Law and Ethics of Medicine: Essays on the Inviolability of Human Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589555
eISBN:
9780191741036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589555.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter provides an overview of three important ethical and legal concepts which are central to the book: the “sanctity/inviolability of life”; “best interests”; and “autonomy”. It suggests that ... More


Surveying the foundations of medical law: a reassessment of Glanville Williams’ The Sanctity of Life and the Criminal Law

John Keown

in The Law and Ethics of Medicine: Essays on the Inviolability of Human Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589555
eISBN:
9780191741036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589555.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter notes the foundational importance to the discipline of medical law of Glanville Williams’ book The Sanctity of Life and the Criminal Law (1957). It argues that the book’s defects have ... More


Restoring the inviolability of life and replacing the caricature

John Keown

in The Law and Ethics of Medicine: Essays on the Inviolability of Human Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589555
eISBN:
9780191741036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589555.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The chapter illustrates the misunderstanding of the inviolability of life by contemporary medical lawyers. It evaluates criticisms which have been levelled at the principle by Professors David Price ... More


Restoring moral and intellectual shape to the law After Bland

John Keown

in The Law and Ethics of Medicine: Essays on the Inviolability of Human Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589555
eISBN:
9780191741036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589555.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter offers a critique of the landmark decision of the Law Lords in the Bland case, which held it lawful to withdraw tube-feeding from a patient in a “persistent vegetative state”, even with ... More


Torture: During and After Action

F. M. Kamm

in Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608782
eISBN:
9780191729577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608782.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 1 considers whether, from a nonconsequentialist perspective, those who are responsible for creating lethal threats are liable to be tortured during and after their threatening acts in order ... More


Privileges and Immunities

Stefan Talmon

in Recognition of Governments in International Law: With Particular Reference to Governments in Exile

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248391
eISBN:
9780191715334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248391.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

While host states have accorded certain privileges and immunities to both recognized governments in exile and authorities in exile not recognized as governments, only authorities in exile recognized ... More


Diplomatic Law in a New Millennium

Paul Behrens (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198795940
eISBN:
9780191837128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795940.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Private International Law

The granting of diplomatic asylum to Julian Assange, the dangers faced by diplomats in trouble spots around the world, WikiLeaks and the publication of thousands of embassy cables—situations like ... More


Diplomatic Security: A Comparative Analysis

Eugenio Cusumano and Christopher Kinsey (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780804791052
eISBN:
9781503608986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804791052.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The inviolability of diplomatic personnel and premises is a cornerstone of interstate relations and international law. As epitomized by the murder of US Ambassador Christopher Stevens in Benghazi, ... More


Why Radical Cognitive Enhancement Will (Probably) Enhance Moral Status

Nicholas Agar

in Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense of Limits

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026635
eISBN:
9780262318976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026635.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter proposes that some degree of biotechnological or cybernetic enhancement could enhance the moral status of human persons. It is likely to lead to post-persons, beings with moral status ... More


Human Rights in Islamic Jurisprudence: Why Should All Human Beings Be Inviolable?

Recep Şentürk

in The Future of Religious Freedom: Global Challenges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199930890
eISBN:
9780199980581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930890.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter seeks to recapture the classical tradition of Islamic jurisprudence that recognizes universal human rights irrespective of religious status, gender, place, or time. It shows how the loss ... More


Ronald Dworkin’s Views on Abortion

F.M. Kamm

in Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199971985
eISBN:
9780199346141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971985.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines Ronald Dworkin's position on abortion presented in his Life's Dominion. Here Dworkin discusses the nature of the intrinsic value of life, the nature of inviolability, the ... More


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