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The Mean Duration of Cabinets

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Again the quantity to watch is the ‘seat product’. The inverse square law of cabinet durations says that the mean cabinet duration in a country is approximately forty-two years divided by the square ... More


Newton's Methodology and the Practice of Science

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I. Distinctive features of Newton’s method: Successively more accurate approximations and increasing empirical support from measurements. Part II. The Mercury perihelion problem: A proposal to ... More


The Emergence of Baroque Mathematical Natural Philosophy: An Archeology of the Inverse Square Law

Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris

in Baroque Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923987
eISBN:
9780226923994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923994.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the history of the emergence of mathematical natural philosophy in the context of the inverse square law during the baroque period. It discusses how Isaac Newton established ... More


Motions of Bodies—Newton’s Laws

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 2 covers Newtonian dynamics, Newton’s law of gravitation and the motion of mutually gravitating bodies. The principle of least action is used to provide an alternative approach to Newton’s ... More


From Divine Order to Human Approximation: Mathematics in Baroque Science

Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris

in Baroque Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923987
eISBN:
9780226923994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923994.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the transition of mathematics in baroque science from divine order to human approximation. It discusses the preparation and use of the inverse square law and analyzes Isaac ... More


Newtonian Gravity

David M. Wittman

in The Elements of Relativity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199658633
eISBN:
9780191863653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199658633.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Having developed a framework for subsuming gravity into relativity, we examine how gravity behaves as a function of the source mass (Earth, Sun, etc.) and distance from that sourcemass.We develop ... More


The Kepler problem

S. G. Rajeev

in Advanced Mechanics: From Euler's Determinism to Arnold's Chaos

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199670857
eISBN:
9780191775154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670857.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The often unstated zero-th law of Kepler is that a planetary orbit lies in a plane. This follows from the conservation of the direction of orbital angular momentum. The next in logical order is the ... More


| 1815–17 | 1815–17 Dynamical Research A.S. Ørsted's Dissent

Dan C. Christensen

in Hans Christian Ørsted: Reading Nature's Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669264
eISBN:
9780191748745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669264.003.0032
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Ørsted's lectures on physics and agricultural chemistry for fees. In 1815 he begins his monthly lectures on scientific discoveries and technical inventions. Up till 1848 he delivered altogether 237 ... More


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