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Benjamin Franklin

Edwin S. Gaustad

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305357
eISBN:
9780199850662
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305357.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The tenth and youngest son of a poor Boston soapmaker, Benjamin Franklin would rise to become, in Thomas Jefferson's words, “the greatest man and ornament of his age”. This book offers a portrait of ... More


Why the Valley Went First: Aggregation and Emergence in Regional Inventor Networks

Lee Fleming, Lyra Colfer, Alexandra Marin, and Jonathan McPhie

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter shows the early emergence of Silicon Valley and Boston. Much has been made of the cultural differences between Silicon Valley in the Bay Area and Boston's Route 128. The chapter digs ... More


C. Francis Jenkins, Pioneer of Film and Television

Donald G. Godfrey

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038280
eISBN:
9780252096150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038280.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This is the first biography of the important but long-forgotten American inventor Charles Francis Jenkins (1867–1934). The book documents the life of Jenkins from his childhood in Indiana and early ... More


Resistance to Information: The Organization and the Independent Inventor

Stuart Macdonald

in Information for Innovation: Managing Change from an Information Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241477
eISBN:
9780191696947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241477.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

This chapter explains how organizations resist information from external sources. It starts with an elaboration of the not-invented-here (NIH) syndrome, the condition in which organizations reject ... More


Historical Perspectives on Patent Systems in Economic Development

B. Zorina Khan and Kenneth L. Sokoloff

in The Development Agenda: Global Intellectual Property and Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342109
eISBN:
9780199866823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342109.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter examines the structures of patent systems in countries around the world and how they evolved over the course of the 19th century. It focuses on the sources of innovation in the design of ... More


Inventors as Innovators and Knowledge Integrators

Hans Andersson and Christian Berggren

in Knowledge Integration and Innovation: Critical Challenges Facing International Technology-Based Firms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199693924
eISBN:
9780191730580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693924.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

In this chapter, we argue that knowledge integration is not just an organizational- and team-level practice but concerns the everyday activities of inventive engineers and researchers involved in ... More


The Invention of Language

Deborah Levine Gera

in Ancient Greek Ideas on Speech, Language, and Civilization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199256167
eISBN:
9780191719578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256167.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter surveys a wide range of texts which tell of human’s ascent to civilised life and their acquisition of language as part of the process. It discusses that in these progress narratives, ... More


Introductory Heroes and Hero-Worship: Inventors and Writers from 1818 to 1900

Clare Pettitt

in Patent Inventions - Intellectual Property and the Victorian Novel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253203
eISBN:
9780191719172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253203.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

In the 19th century, as now, intellectual property was a curious and slippery kind of property. Intellectual property was difficult to lay claim to, or to ‘own’, and sustaining any kind of ... More


Property in Labour: Inventors and Writers in the 1830s and 1840s

Clare Pettitt

in Patent Inventions - Intellectual Property and the Victorian Novel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253203
eISBN:
9780191719172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253203.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Throughout the 19th century, issues of property and ownership dominated legal and parliamentary debates in England. This chapter focuses on the debates about patents and copyright, both centred on ... More


The Art of Inventing and the Inventor as Artist: Intellectual Property at the Great Exhibition

Clare Pettitt

in Patent Inventions - Intellectual Property and the Victorian Novel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253203
eISBN:
9780191719172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253203.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

In May 1851, the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations was held at Hyde Park in London, England. There was so much in this Exhibition that was copied, imitated, die-cast, ... More


Ernest Forssgren

William C. Carter

in The Memoirs of Ernest A. Forssgren: Proust's Swedish Valet

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300114638
eISBN:
9780300133363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300114638.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter presents a brief biography of Ernest Forssgren. Forssgren was born in 1894 in northern Sweden. In his late teens, he decided to seek his fortune in another country and went to London for ... More


Draw the Lightning Down: Benjamin Franklin and Electrical Technology in the Age of Enlightenment

Michael Brian Schiffer

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238022
eISBN:
9780520939851
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238022.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Most of us have heard that Benjamin Franklin conducted some kind of electrical experiment with a kite. What few of us realize is that he played a major role in laying the foundations of modern ... More


Women at the Pedals: Female Cinema Musicians during the Great War

Kendra Preston Leonard

in Over Here, Over There: Transatlantic Conversations on the Music of World War I

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780252042706
eISBN:
9780252051562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042706.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Women played many musical roles in the film industry. They accompanied silent films at the organ with existing repertoire, made new compositions of incidental music and songs, and improvised ... More


Poems That Solve Puzzles: The History and Science of Algorithms

Chris Bleakley

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198853732
eISBN:
9780191888168
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853732.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Algorithms are the hidden methods that computers apply to process information and make decisions. The book tells the story of algorithms from their ancient origins to the present day and beyond. The ... More


. Visionary Inventors

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Draw the Lightning Down: Benjamin Franklin and Electrical Technology in the Age of Enlightenment

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238022
eISBN:
9780520939851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238022.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter addresses a number of electrical products devised by the Enlightenment community of visionary inventors. The electric orrery was simply a clever device for showing that electricity could ... More


The Stereoscopic Overture Finishes

Ray Zone

in Stereoscopic Cinema & the Origins of 3-D Film, 1838–1952

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124612
eISBN:
9780813134796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124612.003.0011
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses autostereoscopic cinema, which has always been considered as the “holy grail” for utopian inventors. Semyon Ivanov successfully created autostereoscopic motion pictures in the ... More


The Man Who Saw Tomorrow: The Life and Inventions of Stanford R. Ovshinsky

Lillian Hoddeson and Peter Garrett

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037532
eISBN:
9780262345033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037532.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This is the first full-length biography of the prolific inventor Stanford R. Ovshinsky (1922-2012). Ovshinsky’s discoveries led to the creation of many important information and energy technologies, ... More


The Construction of a Hero

Hermione Giffard

in Making Jet Engines in World War II: Britain, Germany, and the United States

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226388595
eISBN:
9780226388625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226388625.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter offers a historical exploration of the origins and perpetuation of the heroic inventor narrative associated with Frank Whittle and later Hans von Ohain. The chapter begins by showing ... More


Going for Gold: Prizing Innovation

B. Zorina Khan

in Inventing Ideas: Patents, Prizes, and the Knowledge Economy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190936075
eISBN:
9780190936112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190936075.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Economic History

Innovation prizes were regularly sponsored by the Franklin Institute and other mechanics’ institutes throughout the United States. The analysis shows that administered innovation systems in the ... More


Trade Secrets: Intellectual Piracy and the Origins of American Industrial Power

Doron S. Ben-Atar

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100068
eISBN:
9780300127218
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100068.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book focuses on intellectual piracy and presents an interpretive study of the American appropriation of forbidden European know-how from the perspective of a diplomatic historian of the early ... More


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