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Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book provides an overview of scale and test development. From conceptualization through design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation, critical concerns are identified and grounded in ... More


Other Issues

Donna Harrington

in Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339888
eISBN:
9780199863662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339888.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter discusses the information that should be included when presenting CFA results, including model specification, input data, model estimation, model evaluation, and substantive conclusions. ... More


Relations

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Following Bertrand Russell, properties are seen as the monadic case with the dyadic, triadic, etc. cases constituting the relations. A Principle of Instantial Invariance, that a relation that is a ... More


Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577224
eISBN:
9780191722943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Phase transitions and critical phenomena have consistently been among the principal subjects of active studies in statistical physics. The simple act of transforming one state of matter or phase into ... More


Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation

James Woodward

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195155273
eISBN:
9780199835089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155270.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book develops a manipulationist theory of causation and explanation: causal and explanatory relationships are relationships that are potentially exploitable for purposes of manipulation and ... More


Perception, Ecology, and Music

Eric F. Clarke

in Ways of Listening: An Ecological Approach to the Perception of Musical Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151947
eISBN:
9780199870400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151947.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter presents a discussion of the principal characteristics of an ecological approach to perception. Adopting many of the principles set out in the ecological work of James Gibson, it ... More


How Does Our Visual System Achieve Shift and Size Invariance?

Laurenz Wiskott

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter begins by summarizing psychophysical and neurophysiological evidence for shift and size invariance and its limitations. It provides a list of constraints from neuroanatomy and physiology ... More


LANGUAGE CHANGE

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter discusses the situation in which an agent's language or domain may change. It is argued — against a principle of language invariance — that language contains implicit knowledge and so ... More


CROSS‐DOMAIN MAPPING

Lawrence M. Zbikowski

in Conceptualizing Music: Cognitive Structure, Theory, and Analysis

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195140231
eISBN:
9780199871278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140231.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter examines the process of cross-domain mapping, beginning with the work of cognitive linguists who, in the 1980s, proposed that metaphor was a basic structure of understanding. This ... More


INERTIAL GROWTH

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

in Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The term “inertia” was first used in population ecology in relation to the property of overshooting equilibria due to any one of a variety of causes. This chapter tries to flesh out the details of a ... More


Factor Analysis

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter presents basics of factor analysis modeling, focusing on its use and interpretations in scale and test development contexts. Two approaches to such analyses are discussed: exploratory ... More


Integration and Enhancement of Psychometric Evidence

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter presents considerations for integrating seemingly discrete psychometric analyses into a cohesive, coherent whole. Developers are guided in making summary sense of the varying forms of ... More


Order, Symmetry, and the Organization of Matter

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter introduces the basic concepts and language that will be needed later on: order, symmetry, invariance, broken symmetry, Hamiltonian, condensed matter, order parameter, ground state, and ... More


Languages and Relativity

Jon Williamson

in In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Having developed objective Bayesianism on propositional and predicate languages, this chapter turns, in §9.1, to a richer language, the language of the mathematical theory of probability. We see that ... More


Invariance principles

Rafal Goebel, Ricardo G. Sanfelice, and Andrew R. Teel

in Hybrid Dynamical Systems: Modeling, Stability, and Robustness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153896
eISBN:
9781400842636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153896.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter discusses invariance principles, which characterize the sets to which precompact solutions to a dynamical system must converge. They rely on invariance properties of ω‎-limit sets of ... More


Measurement as Representation: 2. Information

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There is more to measurement than its physical correlate. A broad concept of measurement must accommodate both the constraints on its physical correlate and its function of information gathering, ... More


Invariant visual object recognition learning

Edmund T. Rolls

in Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232703
eISBN:
9780191724046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232703.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter is concerned with invariant representations of faces and objects in the inferior temporal visual cortex. It also covers computational approaches to invariant object recognition, feature ... More


Exogeneity

David F. Hendry, Robert F. Engle, and Jean‐François Richard

in Econometrics: Alchemy or Science?: Essays in Econometric Methodology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293545
eISBN:
9780191596391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293542.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Exogenous variables play a crucial role in econometrics, yet ‘exogeneity’ is often imprecise. Exogenous connotes ‘being determined outside of (the model under analysis)’, so it cannot be a property ... More


On the Formulation of Empirical Models in Dynamic Econometrics

David F. Hendry and Jean‐François Richard

in Econometrics: Alchemy or Science?: Essays in Econometric Methodology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293545
eISBN:
9780191596391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293542.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Investigates the constructs of innovation errors, invariance, encompassing, and data admissibility, relates these to exogeneity and progressive research strategies, and introduces the notion of ... More


Postscript: The Econometrics of PC‐GIVE

David F. Hendry

in Econometrics: Alchemy or Science?: Essays in Econometric Methodology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293545
eISBN:
9780191596391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293542.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The model class is summarized in terms of the properties of specific linear models, including cointegration and equilibrium (error) correction. Model evaluation is based on the associated information ... More


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