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Intuitions

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter starts by arguing against the received view that the intuitive judgments of speakers are the main evidence for a grammar. Still, they are evidence and an explanation for this is ... More


Harming People in Peter Unger’s Living High and Letting Die

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Peter Unger has tried to show that relying on intuitive judgments is a worthless methodology for finding principles, and he has also offered a novel approach to the Trolley Problem. Unger, however, ... More


Should You Save This Child? Gibbard on Intuitions, Contractualism, and Strains of Commitment

F. M. Kamm

in Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370423
eISBN:
9780199851980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370423.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the nature and significance of intuitions, disagreements about the correct form of contractualist reasoning, and whether each person's acting for a shared goal is at once most ... More


Theoretical Responses and Methodology

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 3 begins with a partial taxonomy of the theoretical responses to the puzzling patterns of knowledge ascriptions. This includes a characterization of pragmatic encroachment that captures a ... More


Intuitions about meaning, experience, and reliability

Anna Drożdżowicz

in Linguistic Intuitions: Evidence and Method

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198840558
eISBN:
9780191876240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840558.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Speakers’ intuitive judgments about meaning are commonly taken to provide important data for many debates in philosophy of language and pragmatics. The chapter presents two strategies that aim to ... More


Do generative linguists believe in a Voice of Competence?

Karen Brøcker

in Linguistic Intuitions: Evidence and Method

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198840558
eISBN:
9780191876240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840558.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

For more than a decade, there has been lively debate on the question of why we are justified in using acceptability judgments as evidence in linguistics. More surprisingly, there has also been ... More


Harms, Losses, and Evils in Gert’s Moral Theory

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The previous chapter considered psychological evidence concerning intuitive judgments. It was especially concerned to see if people's judgments about the difference between harming and not-aiding ... More


Taking the ‘Rights Thesis’ Seriously

Neil MacCormick

in Legal Right and Social Democracy: Essays in Legal and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198255024
eISBN:
9780191681561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198255024.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Ronald Dworkin gave a theory that the distinctively moral point of view — morality as against mere mores — is developed by the conducting of a consistent and coherent set of principles which most ... More


Why Likelihood?

Malcolm Forster and Elliott Sober

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The likelihood principle has been defended on Bayesian grounds, with proponents insisting that it coincides with and systematizes intuitive judgments about example problems, and that it generalizes ... More


Puzzling Patterns of Knowledge Ascriptions

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 surveys the philosophical reasons and empirical evidence for assuming that there are a number of puzzling patterns of knowledge ascriptions. Three effects on folk knowledge ascriptions are ... More


On Authority, Citation, and Silence

Michal Bobek

in Comparative Reasoning in European Supreme Courts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680382
eISBN:
9780191760280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680382.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Comparative Law

Why, if it is read and studied by the court, is the comparative inspiration not openly quoted? Why is it not expressly attributed by the court? The chapter offers some, mostly pragmatic, explanations ... More


Beliefs and Subdoxastic States

Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 1: Mind and Language, 1972–2010

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199734108
eISBN:
9780190267513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734108.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the intuitive distinction between beliefs and subdoxastic states. It makes a plausible case for the claim that the intuitive distinction between beliefs and subdoxastic states ... More


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