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A Measure of Freedom

Ian Carter

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

When liberal political philosophers talk of equalizing, increasing or maximizing freedom (or liberty), they implicitly assume freedom to be a measurable attribute. Freedom is one of the currencies of ... More


Introduction to Part III

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Purely mathematical reason motivated the shift in interest of logicians from their model-theoretic approaches to logic involving rich portions of mathematics: this is evident in set theory more so ... More


Intuitions

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter starts by arguing against the received view that the intuitive judgments of speakers are the main evidence for a grammar. Still, they are evidence and an explanation for this is ... More


Self and World

Quassim Cassam

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238959
eISBN:
9780191597176
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238959.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of this book is that it is a necessary condition of self‐consciousness that one is intuitively aware of oneself, qua subject, as a physical object. Intuitive awareness of oneself as a ... More


Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The counter-intuitive aspects of quantum physics have been illustrated for some time by thought experiments, from Einstein's photon box to Schrödinger's cat. These experiments have now become real, ... More


Beyond Default Principles: Trimming the Hedges

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues against the hedged principles laid out in Chapter 6. It contends that the best explanation of the possibility of practical wisdom entails that morality can be codified. It gives ... More


Conclusion: Persistent, but not Primordial: Emergent Properties of Cognition

David Wengrow

in The Origins of Monsters: Image and Cognition in the First Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159041
eISBN:
9781400848867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159041.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This book concludes with a discussion of the emergent properties of cognition. It first considers an essay published in 1942 by Rudolph Wittkower entitled “Marvels of the East: A Study in the History ... More


Overriding versus Undercutting Anti-Sceptical Strategies

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the radical sceptical paradox, at least insofar as it made use of the BIV sceptical hypothesis: BIV-Based Radical Scepticism qua Paradox — (BIV1) I don't know that I'm not a ... More


Religion's Innate Origins and Evolutionary Background

Scott Atran

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter envisions religion, in general, and awareness of the supernatural, in particular, as a converging by-product of several cognitive and emotional mechanisms that evolved under natural ... More


Intuitions

Ernest Sosa

in A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter critically considers two traditional accounts of intuitive knowledge, and a virtue-based account is offered in their stead.


RASA: Affect and Intuition in Javanese Musical Aesthetics

Marc Benamou

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195189438
eISBN:
9780199864232
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189438.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Rasa attempts to get at the heart of central Javanese traditional music (karawitan) by attending to what those closest to the tradition—the musicians themselves—say about it. Based on ... More


This Magic Moment: Horwich on the Boundaries of Vague Terms

Hartry Field

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the counter-intuitive aspects of the epistemic theory of vagueness run deeper than is sometimes appreciated, and that Horwich's variant of epistemicism does not help with ... More


Explanations Explained

John Levi Martin

in The Explanation of Social Action

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199773312
eISBN:
9780199897223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773312.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Because we accept an incoherent idea of casualty as the heart of our understanding of explanation, our theory of explanation is as bizarre as it is useless—a sense in which the attributes of persons ... More


Some Preverbal Concepts

Jean Matter Mandler

in Foundations of Mind: Origins of Conceptual Thought

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311839
eISBN:
9780199786770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311839.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter summarizes research showing the course of development of early kinds of “intuitive concepts”. Among the findings are that by at any age and on any task, perceptual appearance may be used ... More


Cajun National Anthem

Ryan André Brasseaux

in Cajun Breakdown: The Emergence of an American Made Music

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195343069
eISBN:
9780199866977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343069.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter presents an overview of the development and architecture of the human brain, and shows what evolutionary history has to do with the nature of cognition today. Drawing on the perspectives ... More


The Americanization of Methodism: After Asbury

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

By the middle of the nineteenth century, the Methodists were the largest American denomination. But as they grew, so also did their theology Americanize. In the years following the death of Francis ... More


Culture and Magical Thinking

Eugene Subbotsky

in Magic and the Mind: Mechanisms, Functions, and Development of Magical Thinking and Behavior

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393873
eISBN:
9780199776979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393873.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In Chapter 6 (“Culture and Magical Thinking”), social and cultural factors in adults' magical beliefs are considered. With reference to relevant studies, the point is made that despite fundamental ... More


Hume's Epistemological Divide in the Treatise

Henry E. Allison

in Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532889
eISBN:
9780191714450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532889.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides an outline of the structure of Hume's epistemology, as presented in the first two sections of Part III of the first book of the Treatise. Whereas in the more familiar discussion ... More


The Architecture of the Modern Mind

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents an overview of the development and architecture of the human brain, and shows what evolutionary history has to do with the nature of cognition today. Drawing on the perspectives ... More


Gods and Why They Matter

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter looks at how god concepts are represented and processed by the human mind, particularly at features of social cognition that support thinking about supernatural agents, enhance their ... More


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