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Reasons and the Good

Roger Crisp

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book answers some of the oldest questions in moral philosophy. Claiming that a fundamental issue in normative ethics is what ultimate reasons for action we might have, it argues that the best ... More


Conclusion

Robert Audi

in Moral Value and Human Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195312942
eISBN:
9780199851188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312942.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Four kinds of ethical view have appeared and reappeared in this book. The first is virtue ethics, which counsels people to concentrate on realizing the good throughout our lives. The second and third ... More


Do Paracomplete Solutions Depend on Expressive Limitations?

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter considers various versions of the charge that paradox has been avoided only by limiting the expressive power of the language. The charge that the language has no ‘exclusion negation’ but ... More


Hume's Place in History

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys several theoretical stances that Hume takes. It discusses Hume's naturalism, and addresses the role of the is—ought argument in his moral theory. That argument is that theorists ... More


Theories of Law and Government

William Cornish, Michael Lobban, and Keith Smith

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XI: 1820–1914 English Legal System

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258819
eISBN:
9780191718151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258819.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on theories of law and government begins with a discussion of the thought of Jeremy Bentham. It then discusses John Austin's reformulation of the province of jurisprudence, intuitionists ... More


Enchanted America: How Intuition and Reason Divide Our Politics

J. Eric Oliver and Thomas J. Wood

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226578477
eISBN:
9780226578644
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226578644.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

America is in civic chaos, its politics rife with conspiracy theories and false information. Nationalism and authoritarianism are on the rise, while scientists, universities, and news organizations ... More


Three-valued and Intuitionist Logic

A. N. Prior

in Formal Logic

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241560
eISBN:
9780191680373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241560.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

It is possible to give many other arithmetical interpretations of the symbols of the propositional calculus that preserve the truth of its axioms and the validity of its rules. Some of these involve ... More


The Problem of the First-Person Point of View

David Cunning

in Argument and Persuasion in Descartes’ Meditations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195399608
eISBN:
9780199866502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399608.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter lays out the details of Descartes’ views on the habits and inclinations of the prephilosophical mind. There are ways in which minds are similar: they assume that things are real and ... More


Accidents Going Somewhere to Happen: African-American Self-Definition at Mid-Century

Steven Belletto

in No Accident, Comrade: Chance and Design in Cold War American Narratives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199826889
eISBN:
9780199932382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826889.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Beginning with a discussion of Colson Whitehead’s more recent novel The Intuitionist (1999), chapter four covers a range of works, from the most influential African-American novels of mid-century, ... More


Voluntarism and the Foundations of Ethics *

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Divine command theory, or voluntarism, in ethics occupied a major place in early modern debates in moral philosophy. Propounded by the outrageous Hobbes and by Pufendorf's widely admired works on ... More


Living Together: Economic and Moral Argument

Allan Gibbard

in Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370423
eISBN:
9780199851980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370423.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses that moral inquiry in philosophy often comes in two broad styles. One is humanistic and pragmatic, wherein one would think what is in morality for him, and what version of ... More


Beyond the Naturalistic Fallacy: The Rediscovery of Aquinas

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter aims to undertake an explication of the structural philosophy on moral theory in analytic philosophy with emphasis on Thomas Aquinas' natural law ethic of self-actualization. It ... More


Who Is an Intuitionist?

J. Eric Oliver and Thomas J. Wood

in Enchanted America: How Intuition and Reason Divide Our Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226578477
eISBN:
9780226578644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226578644.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

An Intuitionist is defined via dozens of surveys about how, why, and when people are more likely to make the decisions they do. A set of core traits that differentiate where people reside on the ... More


On the Constructivity of Proofs: A Debate among Behmann, Bernays, Gödel, and Kaufmann

Paolo Mancosu

in The Adventure of Reason: Interplay Between Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Logic, 1900-1940

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199546534
eISBN:
9780191594939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546534.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter concerns the problem of the relation of classical mathematics to intuitionistic mathematics. This problem was far from having a precise answer in the late twenties and in fact Felix ... More


Has Anyone Ever Been a Non‐Intuitionist?

Jonathan Dancy

in Underivative Duty: British Moral Philosophers from Sidgwick to Ewing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199577446
eISBN:
9780191725425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577446.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers an argument that Prichard levels against Sidgwick. Prichard says that Sidgwick's view is that nobody has ever been an intuitionist, but then argues that nobody has ever been a ... More


Introduction: You Believe in Reason, and I Believe in the Bible

J. Eric Oliver and Thomas J. Wood

in Enchanted America: How Intuition and Reason Divide Our Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226578477
eISBN:
9780226578644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226578644.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The examination of the American political climate continues in to a broader look at the myriad beliefs held by US voters. This chapter discusses the three biggest factors in what effects voter ... More


Taking Measure of Our Intuitions

J. Eric Oliver and Thomas J. Wood

in Enchanted America: How Intuition and Reason Divide Our Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226578477
eISBN:
9780226578644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226578644.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter Two examines how to measure the “Intuitionist” theory, an important force in organizing in American politics. Intuitionism‘s broad continuum of cognitive and emotional tendencies is ... More


‘And what about the spiritual life itself?’, distraction, transcendence and redemption: the intuitionist realist tradition in the work of John Grierson, André Bazin and Siegfried Kracauer

Ian Aitken

in Realist Film Theory and Cinema: The Nineteenth-century Lukacsian and Intuitionist Realist Traditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719070006
eISBN:
9781781700884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719070006.003.0018
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter attempts to define three of the central components of the intuitionist-realist tradition: tradition's conceptualisation of the ‘problem’ of modernity; the proposed ‘solution’ to that ... More


Transcendental illusion and the scope for realism: cinematic realism, philosophical realism and film theory

Ian Aitken

in Realist Film Theory and Cinema: The Nineteenth-century Lukacsian and Intuitionist Realist Traditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719070006
eISBN:
9781781700884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719070006.003.0020
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter deals with the key themes of nineteenth-century realism and of Lukács's model of cinematic realism, establishing central themes and characteristics of an intuitionist-realist model of ... More


Introduction

Ian Aitken

in Realist Film Theory and Cinema: The Nineteenth-century Lukacsian and Intuitionist Realist Traditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719070006
eISBN:
9781781700884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719070006.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter explores two traditions of realist film theory and cinema, namely, ‘intuitionist realist tradition’ and the ‘nineteenth-century Lukácsian tradition’. It examines the rejection of the ... More


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