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Dollo parsimony and the reconstruction of genome evolution

Igor B. Rogozin, Yuri I. Wolf, Vladimir N. Babenko, and Eugene V. Koonin

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Dollo parsimony method is based on the assumption that a complex character that has been lost during evolution of a particular lineage cannot be regained. When applicable, this principle leads to ... More


Baroque Design: Gratuitous Genomic Complexity

John C. Avise

in Inside the Human Genome: A Case for Non-Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393439
eISBN:
9780199775415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393439.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses various gratuitous complexities—inherent in the human genome—that routinely compromise personal health. These range from problems associated with split genes (wherein introns ... More


W. Ford Doolittle: Evolutionary Provocations and a Pluralistic Vision

Maureen A. O’malley

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

W. Ford Doolittle is well known as an iconoclastic and visionary microbial evolutionist. As well as challenging orthodoxies about the tree of life, he has made major contributions to empirically ... More


Genomes and the origin of genetic variation

Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

in Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830917
eISBN:
9780191868993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830917.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Error and chance events, random mutations, are necessary prerequisites for evolution to happen. In a perfect world with no mutations there would be no evolution because no genetic variation would be ... More


The Chicken and Egg Problem

John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmáry

in The Major Transitions in Evolution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502944
eISBN:
9780191919237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502944.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

The most fundamental distinction in biology is between nucleic acids, with their role as carriers of information, and proteins, which generate the phenotype. In existing organisms, nucleic acids ... More


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