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Contemplating Art: Essays in Aesthetics

Jerrold Levinson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199206179
eISBN:
9780191709982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206179.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This book is a compendium of writings from the last ten years by one of the leading figures in aesthetics, Jerrold Levinson. It contains twenty-four essays and is divided into seven parts. The first ... More


Intrinsic Value and Reasons for Action

Robert Audi

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter sketches a theory of intrinsic value that aims to incorporate certain elements of Moore's theory, but which goes beyond it in important ways while also avoiding commitment to many of ... More


The Value of Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is important for liberals to make sense of claims about degrees of overall freedom because freedom is a fundamental value for liberals. Freedom is a fundamental value for liberals because liberals ... More


The Intrinsic Value of the Environment

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Generations are not homogeneous entities and are composed of individuals and nations that have conflicting interests in the way in which resources are allocated among competing uses. This chapter ... More


Official‐Language Rights: Intrinsic Value and the Protection of Difference

Denise G. Réaume

in Citizenship in Diverse Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780198297703
eISBN:
9780191602948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829770X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The first part of this chapter discusses two opposing concepts of the value of language (viewed as an aspect of culture): its intrinsic value (which is argued to be important) versus its instrumental ... More


Metaethics after Moore

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In How Should Ethics Relate to (the rest of) Philosophy?, Stephen Darwall challenges both the claims of independence and priority. He argues that although metaethics and normative ethics are properly ... More


Conclusion

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The final chapter summarizes the book’s principal argument and it draws some general conclusions.


Well-Being and Death

Ben Bradley

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557967
eISBN:
9780191721205
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557967.001.1
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book addresses philosophical questions about death and well‐being. It defends two main theses. The first is hedonism, or the view that pleasure is what has intrinsic value for us. The second is ... More


Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Ishtiyaque Haji

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To have free will with respect to an act is to have the ability both to perform and to refrain from performing it. This book argues that no one can have practical reasons of a certain sort—“objective ... More


Axiological Appraisals and Alternative Possibilities

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends the view that the truth of various judgments of intrinsic value is essentially tied to our having objective reasons, and so the truth of such judgments presupposes that we have ... More


Prosecutorial Action and Value

Michelle Madden Dempsey

in Prosecuting Domestic Violence: A Philosophical Analysis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562169
eISBN:
9780191705298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562169.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter identifies various ways in which prosecutorial actions might relate to value and elaborates five kinds of value that prosecutorial action may have: (1) consequential value, the value ... More


Toward a Theory of Intrinsic Value

Gilbert Harman

in Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Concerned with what would or would not be a good or worthwhile or desirable states of affairs, as when one says, ‘It would be a good thing if P’. Some theorists have attempted to provide such a ... More


Finding Value in Nature

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

An earlier paper, “Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments,” argued that those who despoil the natural environment often express objectionable attitudes rooted in ignorance, ... More


Kantian Consequentialism

David Cummiskey

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195094534
eISBN:
9780199833146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195094530.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kantians and Consequentialists alike have presumed that Kantian ethics is incompatible with all forms of consequentialism, and that it instead justifies a system of agent‐centered restrictions, or ... More


Groups

Shelly Kagan

in The Geometry of Desert

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199895595
eISBN:
9780199980093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895595.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains how the Y gap view can be extended to cover cases that involve groups of three or more. It begins with a discussion of the simultaneous baseline approach and the pairwise ... More


THE DESIRE RELATIVITY OF VALUE

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter supplies a subjectivist definition of intrinsic value in terms of what satisfies intrinsic desires in a specified sense, and of derivative value by reference to intrinsic value. Other ... More


But is it Really “Hedonism”?

Fred Feldman

in Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature Varieties and Plausibility of Hedonism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199265169
eISBN:
9780191601385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926516X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Curious readers might wonder if some of the axiological theories discussed in this book have been stretched so far that it is no longer appropriate to categorize them as forms of hedonism. This ... More


The Place of Truth in Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Suppose we think that knowledge is belief that is both true and derives from intellectual virtue. And if we also assume that knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief, then where does the ... More


Introduction

Jerrold Levinson

in Contemplating Art: Essays in Aesthetics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199206179
eISBN:
9780191709982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206179.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This introductory chapter presents a description of the essays included in this volume.


Political Engagement as Intrinsic Good: Arendt and Company

Ben Berger

in Attention Deficit Democracy: The Paradox of Civic Engagement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144689
eISBN:
9781400840311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144689.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines Hannah Arendt's views on the intrinsic value of political engagement as well as her attitude toward moral engagement. It begins with a discussion of Arendt's visionary political ... More


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