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Contemplating Art: Essays in Aesthetics

Jerrold Levinson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199206179
eISBN:
9780191709982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206179.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This book is a compendium of writings from the last ten years by one of the leading figures in aesthetics, Jerrold Levinson. It contains twenty-four essays and is divided into seven parts. The first ... More


Metaethics after Moore

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In How Should Ethics Relate to (the rest of) Philosophy?, Stephen Darwall challenges both the claims of independence and priority. He argues that although metaethics and normative ethics are properly ... More


Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Ishtiyaque Haji

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To have free will with respect to an act is to have the ability both to perform and to refrain from performing it. This book argues that no one can have practical reasons of a certain sort—“objective ... More


Conclusion

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The final chapter summarizes the book’s principal argument and it draws some general conclusions.


Well-Being and Death

Ben Bradley

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557967
eISBN:
9780191721205
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557967.001.1
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book addresses philosophical questions about death and well‐being. It defends two main theses. The first is hedonism, or the view that pleasure is what has intrinsic value for us. The second is ... More


Political Structures

Simon Caney

in Justice Beyond Borders: A Global Political Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780198293507
eISBN:
9780191602337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829350X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Having argued in Chs 3 and 4 that there are cosmopolitan principles of civil and political justice and cosmopolitan principles of distributive justice, one is logically led to the question, ‘if one ... More


The Governance of Explorative Knowledge Production

Margit Osterloh and Antoinette Weibel

in Knowledge Governance: Processes and Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199235926
eISBN:
9780191717093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235926.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The generation of new knowledge is crucial for a firm's competitive advantage. This chapter analyses explorative knowledge production in teams as a social dilemma. Such social dilemmas can to some ... More


Virtue, Vice, and Value

Thomas Hurka

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137163
eISBN:
9780199833283
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137167.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What are virtue and vice, and how do they relate to other moral properties such as goodness and rightness? This book defends a perfectionist account of virtue and vice that gives distinctive answers ... More


The Intrinsic Value of the Environment

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Generations are not homogeneous entities and are composed of individuals and nations that have conflicting interests in the way in which resources are allocated among competing uses. This chapter ... More


Kantian Consequentialism

David Cummiskey

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195094534
eISBN:
9780199833146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195094530.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kantians and Consequentialists alike have presumed that Kantian ethics is incompatible with all forms of consequentialism, and that it instead justifies a system of agent‐centered restrictions, or ... More


Introduction

Jerrold Levinson

in Contemplating Art: Essays in Aesthetics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199206179
eISBN:
9780191709982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206179.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This introductory chapter presents a description of the essays included in this volume.


Virtue and its Benefits

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The principal current alternative to defining virtue in terms of its intrinsic excellence is defining it in terms of its benefits. This chapter argues that a trait's being generally beneficial is not ... More


 Russellian Speculations

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores Russell’s idea that reflection on the nature of scientific inquiry prompts a version of the ignorance hypothesis, an idea much discussed in contemporary philosophy. As ... More


 Objections and Replies

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Two objections to the epistemic view are addressed. According to the first, the epistemic view is mistaken because if the problem at issue is understood correctly, we are in possession of the ... More


Official‐Language Rights: Intrinsic Value and the Protection of Difference

Denise G. Réaume

in Citizenship in Diverse Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780198297703
eISBN:
9780191602948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829770X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The first part of this chapter discusses two opposing concepts of the value of language (viewed as an aspect of culture): its intrinsic value (which is argued to be important) versus its instrumental ... More


Reply to Critics

Michael J. Sandel

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

There are reasons to doubt that the civic aspirations of the republican tradition will be realized in our time, but there are equally compelling reasons to reject the alternative: a public life that ... More


The Value of Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is important for liberals to make sense of claims about degrees of overall freedom because freedom is a fundamental value for liberals. Freedom is a fundamental value for liberals because liberals ... More


Cortical Neurons and Their Models

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

The complexity of behavior of single neurons derives from a number a factors: they have complicated shapes; voltage-dependent conductances have intricate properties, and the conductances are ... More


Political Engagement as Intrinsic Good: Arendt and Company

Ben Berger

in Attention Deficit Democracy: The Paradox of Civic Engagement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144689
eISBN:
9781400840311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144689.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines Hannah Arendt's views on the intrinsic value of political engagement as well as her attitude toward moral engagement. It begins with a discussion of Arendt's visionary political ... More


Temporal Parts

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines David Lewis's view that we are temporal parts of animals. It examines three arguments for the view that persisting things have temporal parts–four‐dimensionalism. One is that it ... More


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