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Intervention Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reports the results of the cognitive intervention studies and their long-term follow-up and replication with new cohorts, as part of the Seattle Longitudinal Study. These studies lead to ... More


Selection of subjects for study

J. Mark Elwood

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter deals with how subjects are selected for inclusion in analytical and intervention studies. To interpret a study, one must assess the problems that may have been overcome, or introduced, ... More


Family Carers in Palliative Care: A guide for health and social care professionals

Peter Hudson and Sheila Payne (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199216901
eISBN:
9780191730252
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216901.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Support for the family is a key component of palliative care practice and philosophy, with both patient and family construed as the ‘unit of care’. However, there is not always formal acknowledgement ... More


16. Experimental studies: clinical trials, field trials, community trials, and intervention studies

Barrie M. Margetts and Ian L. Rouse

in Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627391
eISBN:
9780191723704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627391.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Experimental studies set out to alter, rather than just observe, relevant exposures of interest, and to assess over time their impact on health status or disease outcomes. This chapter begins with an ... More


Human development, life course, intervention and health

Clyde Hertzman

in Epidemiological Methods in Life Course Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528487
eISBN:
9780191723940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528487.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter proposes three generic models of life course trajectories in health, well-being, and behaviour and learning skills, starting from the essential early life processes of physical growth ... More


Confounding

J. Mark Elwood

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Confounding is the most challenging issue in the interpretation of studies. This chapter is divided into three parts. The first part defines confounding and shows what effects it can produce. The ... More


The results obtained from studies of causation

J. Mark Elwood

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The previous chapter presented a classification of study design which separated the criteria used to select the groups of individuals to be compared from the time relationships of the study. The ... More


Coping and Intervention

Kirby Deater-Deckard

in Parenting Stress

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300103939
eISBN:
9780300133936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300103939.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Adaptation and coping with parenting stress involve a number of psychological processes. This chapter evaluates the effectiveness of some coping strategies that may reduce parenting stress and ... More


Intraoperative Hyphema

Edney R. Moura Filho and Arthur J. Sit

in Complications of Glaucoma Surgery

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195382365
eISBN:
9780197562703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195382365.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Ophthalmology

Hemorrhage is a common complication in trabeculectomy. Hyphema can be a manifestation of an intraoperative hemorrhage and has numerous potential causes. Although generally self-limited, severe ... More


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