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Coastal habitats

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses a range of intertidal habitats, mudflats, saltmarsh, and sandy and shingle beaches, together with habitats beyond the usual upper tidal limit, which are affected by coastal ... More


Marine Food Webs: Conceptual Development of a Central Research Paradigm

Bruce Menge

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter summarizes the history of recent scientific understanding of food webs, particularly shallow water food webs. The chapter outlines a history of key papers ranging from Elton to the most ... More


COASTS

Ernest H. Williams

in The Nature Handbook: A Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179293
eISBN:
9780199790470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

The habitats of coastal margins include marshes, estuaries, mud flats, sand dunes, rocky shores, and coastal forests, all of which are influenced by salt spray and the rising and falling of tidal ... More


Foreword to the 1925 Pacific Biological Laboratories Catalog

Katharine A. Rodger

in Breaking Through: Essays, Journals, and Travelogues of Edward F. Ricketts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247048
eISBN:
9780520932661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247048.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The 1925 Pacific Biological Laboratories catalog that Edward F. Ricketts produced was his first major scientific publication. A twenty-five-page, letter-size volume, it is bound in a dark-brown paper ... More


Estimating Net Primary Production of Salt Marsh Macrophytes

James T. Morris

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Salt marshes dominate the intertidal zone in temperate latitudes and present some unique features pertaining to measurement of primary production. Several destructive harvest and non-destructive ... More


Habitat management

Malcolm Ausden

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter describes the principles and approaches used in the modification of habitats, such as grasslands, forests, and wetlands, to make them more suitable for species of interest. Sections ... More


Monitoring Rocky Shores

Steven Murray

J. Stanford and R.L. Newell (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247284
eISBN:
9780520932715
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247284.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Monitoring changes in the intertidal zone of rocky shores has never been more critical. This sensitive habitat at the interface of land and ocean may well be the marine equivalent of the canary in a ... More


Transects, Quadrats, and Other Sampling Units

Steven N. Murray, Richard F. Ambrose, and Megan N. Dethier

in Monitoring Rocky Shores

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247284
eISBN:
9780520932715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247284.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A wide variety of sampling units can be used for intertidal zone field studies. The most common units include line transects and plots or quadrats. In addition, plotless designs are sometimes used. ... More


The sediment and related environmental factors

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Our next major question is, how can we characterize the sediment as a habitat for biota? Marine sediments range from coarse gravels in areas subjected to much wave and ... More


Designing Rocky Intertidal Monitoring and Impact Field Studies: A Brief Overview

Steven N. Murray, Richard F. Ambrose, and Megan N. Dethier

in Monitoring Rocky Shores

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247284
eISBN:
9780520932715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247284.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Field sampling programs provide the information needed to determine the status and dynamics of populations and communities and thus are the foundation for many kinds of research, including impact ... More


Site Classification and Selection

Steven N. Murray, Richard F. Ambrose, and Megan N. Dethier

in Monitoring Rocky Shores

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247284
eISBN:
9780520932715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247284.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

For any intertidal zone sampling program, site selection probably has the greatest influence on the overall program design. Unless sampling is intentionally confined to one location, and site ... More


Biological Units

Steven N. Murray, Richard F. Ambrose, and Megan N. Dethier

in Monitoring Rocky Shores

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247284
eISBN:
9780520932715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247284.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The biological units targeted by a sampling program can vary from individual-based parameters such as the size of a particular limpet species' gonads, to population-level parameters such as counts of ... More


Quantifying Abundance: Density and Cover

Steven N. Murray, Richard F. Ambrose, and Megan N. Dethier

in Monitoring Rocky Shores

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247284
eISBN:
9780520932715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247284.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Most rocky intertidal zone field studies require quantification of abundance, of either individual species or other taxonomic units of the investigator's choice. Data indicating species abundances ... More


Quantifying Abundance: Biomass

Steven N. Murray, Richard F. Ambrose, and Megan N. Dethier

in Monitoring Rocky Shores

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247284
eISBN:
9780520932715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247284.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Species abundances in rocky intertidal zones are generally expressed as numerical density or counts as cover. Occasionally, however, the goals of a sampling program require that the biomass of rocky ... More


Individual-Based Parameters: Age Determination, Growth Rates, Size Structure, and Reproduction

Steven N. Murray, Richard F. Ambrose, and Megan N. Dethier

in Monitoring Rocky Shores

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247284
eISBN:
9780520932715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247284.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Most rocky intertidal zone monitoring and impact studies are designed to determine the status of sampled populations solely in terms of abundance. This approach can present two problems. First, ... More


Rocky Intertidal Zone

MICHAEL H. HORN and KAREN L. M. MARTIN

in The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Rocky intertidal habitats are small living spaces occupied by a variety of fishes either year-round as residents or temporarily as visitors. The rocky intertidal zone represents in part a shoreward ... More


Spatial variations in sediment systems

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

In this chapter the primary emphasis is on spatial scales of disturbances, and we will follow on from our earlier discussions on the mechanisms of competition and ... More


Animal–plant interactions

M. Anwar Maun

in The Biology of Coastal Sand Dunes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570356
eISBN:
9780191916731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570356.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Population dynamics of plant species of coastal sand dunes is influenced directly, both above and below the soil surface, by a wide variety of organisms. Plants serve ... More


Plant communities

M. Anwar Maun

in The Biology of Coastal Sand Dunes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570356
eISBN:
9780191916731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570356.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Plant communities of the dune complex are a result of interaction between tolerance of plant species and sandy substrate, high wind velocities, salt spray, sand ... More


Invertebrates: A Case Study Of China Camp State Park, Marin County

April Robinson, Andrew N. Cohen, Brie Lindsey, and Letitia Grenier

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The distribution of macroinvertebrates across a tidal gradient is described from a study of invertebrate distribution across tidal marsh sub-habitats, a nonquantitative survey of epifauna on ... More


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